Difference Between Hen and Rooster

Animal husbandry, such as poultry farming, is very popular among the people to run their livelihood. But the actual knowledge of animal husbandry and farming is very less among the people of rural as well as in urban areas. Hence most people do not know the different terms and definitions which are used for the same category of animals.

The chickens are one of the most common birds, which are often reared by many peoples in rural areas at their homes. Most people think that the correct way to identify a hen and a rooster is that a hen lays eggs, whereas a rooster crows in the morning. But besides these two, there are various parameters to make a differentiation between a hen and a rooster.

Hen vs Rooster

The main difference between a hen and a rooster is that a hen is a female chicken that lays eggs. On the other hand, a rooster is an adult male chicken. A hen comes under the category of chicken which lays eggs and gives birth to new chicks, whereas a rooster is mainly used in cockfighting and for getting meat from them also.

Hen and Rooster

Hens are the adult female chicken that belongs to the subspecies group of G. g. gallus is also of two different breeds based on laying eggs. Hens are very cool, but they also get angry and aggressive if someone is going to catch their baby chicks. Hens are the most common source of eggs in households.

Roosters are adult male chickens, and these also belong to the same species and family as that of a hen. Roosters have more strength, and they are bossy, due to which they are often used in the fight. The roosters raise their hackle feathers to show aggression to any other rooster who comes into their area.

Comparison Table Between Hen and Rooster

Parameters of ComparisonHenRooster
GenderA female chicken is known as a hen.A male chicken is known as a rooster.
Egg LayingA hen can lay fertile and non-fertile eggs.A rooster does not lay eggs.
Comb sizeHen has a small size of comb in her head.Rooster has a large and more beautiful comb.
BehaviorHens are generally calm and timid.Roosters are bossy and aggressive.
Feather’s ShapeShort and rounded shape feathers.Long and pointed shape feathers

What is Hen?

A hen is an adult female chicken that can lay eggs. A hen can lay eggs but only after it becomes at least six months old. A hen can lay both fertile as well as non-fertile eggs. Some of the breeds of hens are called “Layer Hen,” which lays non-fertile eggs, which means baby chicks cannot take birth from these eggs even after hatching. Hackle feathers of a hen are also pointed but small.

Moreover, hens hatch the eggs given in their nest to give birth to new chicks, which become converted to adults after some months and continue their generations. The hen continuously warms their eggs for almost 21 days so that new chicks can form and come from the eggs. A hen whose age is less than a year and still immature to lay eggs are known as pullets. Hens do not have spurs on their legs as they are very calm in most of their life cycle.

What is Rooster?

Roosters are coming under the family of Phasianidae which are domesticated birds. These roosters are the one who crows in the morning, and by that sound, people usually wake up in rural areas or small villages. The hackle feathers of a rooster are large, bright, and colorful. Whenever a rooster is trying to fight with another rooster, the hackle feathers become erect and pointed.

Cockfighting is a fight between two roosters to entertain people. The one rooster which loses becomes the property of that owner whose rooster wins. Roosters have spurs that are present just above their nails which also describes the age of any rooster. The larger the size of spurs means larger the age of the rooster, and they use these spurs during the time of cockfighting.

Main Differences Between Hen and Rooster

  1. A hen lays eggs when it becomes six months old, whereas a rooster never lays eggs in its entire life.
  2. A hen has a smaller comb in its head, whereas a rooster has a larger size comb in its head.
  3. The hackle feathers of a hen are small, but the hackle feathers of a rooster are large, brighter, and more colorful.
  4. The wattles under the beak of a hen are small, and the wattles of a rooster are larger, and it hangs longer also.
  5. A hen has a short feather associated with her tail, whereas roosters have long and colorful feathers in their tails.
  6. Hens have no spurs on their legs, whereas roosters have large spurs on their legs, which grow longer by their age.

Conclusion

Keeping a flock of hens and roosters in the house is a great experience. If proper guidance is taken, then after some years, they grow and increase their flock sizes by many hens and roosters. Anyone who owned chickens and kept them in their house may surely get more information and knowledge by watching them and observing their behavior.

However, anyone who does poultry farming should know the exact difference between these two. These things make anyone grow his farms of chickens rapidly and more effectively by giving them suitable environments for their growth. Hens and roosters provide meats whenever needed, and the eggs of home farming hens are rich in protein and good for health as these eggs are far better than the poultry eggs.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032579119498349
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00071660902951321
  3. https://academic.oup.com/endo/article-abstract/63/5/570/2775277
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