Difference Between Hyperopia and Presbyopia

Hyperopia is a common eye defect that is seen among people. It makes your vision blurry while seeing things at a close distance.

You shall not be able to see the nearby objects clearly as Hyperopia. People might develop strain in the eyes and even headache while trying to focus on the closer objects.

Comparison Table Between Hyperopia and Presbyopia

Parameters of ComparisonHyperopiaPresbyopia
ReasonAbnormality in the cornea or the lens of the eye.Ageing is the primary reason for eye defect.
Reading CapacityCan read in normal lightRequires brighter light to read
Age groupPeople of any age group is prone to develop Hyperopia.People around 40 might develop Presbyopia.
Worst Case SymptomsNo significant worst-case symptomsThe symptoms get worse as people age.
Main CauseEyeball too shortThe lens of the eyes loses its flexibility as people age.

What is Hyperopia?

Hyperopia is a problem in the vision that makes the nearby objects look blurry. It is indeed a very common eye problem that affects children too.

The major symptom of Hyperopia is a person with this problem shall have a headache or eye strain while focusing on the objects that are in close range. You may also squint your eye to see those objects.

Hyperopia is mainly caused due to these three reasons

  1. When the cornea becomes less powerful
  2. When the lens becomes less powerful

It is significantly not identified during the formative years. But as you age, it might be prominent. This defect can be treated with appropriate spectacles or contacts lenses.

As you can see the distant objects, the vision problem is also called Farsightedness.

What is Presbyopia?

Presbyopia is a vision problem that makes you lose focus to see nearby objects. That means to say you will not be able to see the objects in close range.

Presbyopia is considered normal and natural as you age. The main symptoms of Presbyopia are

  1. You tend to hold the reading materials farther than usual
  2. The normal seeing distance shall get blurry

The cornea and lens need to be flexible to pass the light rays appropriately. Once it loses it, you tend to find it difficult to see the objects close by.

Though Presbyopia is considered to occur as you age, there are a few other reasons to develop such vision problems. Also, intake of antidepressants, antihistamines and diuretics can cause Presbyopia too.

Presbyopia can lead to serious vision loss when it is left unattended. It is also estimated that there are around 10.2% of Indian adults suffer from such vision problems.

Main Differences Between Hyperopia and Presbyopia

  1. The main difference between Hyperopia and Presbyopia is the former can affect even children while the latter is mostly an age-related vision problem.
  2. Hyperopia shall never get worse as you grow old, while Presbyopia worsens and reaches its peak as you reach 65 years.
Difference Between Hyperopia and Presbyopia

Conclusion

Eye defects, though considered common, requires a lot of medical attention. The cases of Hyperopia does not have any grave effects as you age, but Presbyopia without proper attention shall lead to vision loss.

Although multifocal lenses are available in the medical world, Presbyopia requires quick attention as it tends to make life difficult as you grow old.

References

  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02713689808951218
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0042698997001028
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