Difference Between Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia

There is a very famous quote that “health is like wealth” if your health is good, you can work and, earn wealth but if your health is poor, you will not be able to work. Therefore maintaining health is as important as earning money. Human health depends on the type of diet they take and their surroundings. Eating everything is good, but there should be some limits, and the quality of the food should be good.

Both Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia terms are related to blood sugar levels of our body. These are the medical terms mainly associated with diabetic patients. Diabetes is a disease that is caused by the increased level of blood sugar or blood glucose in the human body.

Hypoglycemia vs Hyperglycemia

The main difference between Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia is that Hypoglycemia is associated with diabetes and is a condition in which the blood sugar level decreases. Whereas, in Hyperglycemia, a diabetic person faces an increase in blood sugar levels and insufficient insulin production in the body.

Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia

Hypoglycemia is a body condition in which the blood sugar level is continuously decreasing. This causes blur vision and weakness in some persons associated with diabetes. Blood sugar, also called glucose, is generated in our body to provide us energy and is mainly extracted from sweet products by our body organs.

Hyperglycemia is a very serious condition that causes diseases like metabolic syndrome, dementia, heart problems, and many kidney-related problems. During this condition, the blood flows in the body increases and damage the arteries by blocking them, which prevents blood flow to the heart.

Comparison Table Between Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia

Parameters of ComparisonHypoglycemiaHyperglycemia
DefinitionHypoglycemia refers to a deficiency of glucose or sugar in the bloodstream. And the blood sugar level drops less than seventy milligrams per deciliter. Hyperglycemia is a term used to refer to an excess of glucose or sugar level in the bloodstream.
Caused byHypoglycemia is caused by non-compliance or function failure of anti-glycemic agents. Hyperglycemia is caused by excessive intake of anti-glycemic agents more than the recommended dose.
Diseases caused Hypoglycemia condition can cause diseases like hepatitis, kidney problems, diabetes and pituitary gland disorders, etc. Hyperglycemia condition can cause diseases like heart problems, kidney problems, retinal diseases, etc.
SymptomsThe symptoms related to Hypoglycemia are low blood pressure, shallow breathing, headache, dizziness, and rapid loss of consciousness. The symptoms related to Hyperglycemia are nausea, abdominal pain, unconsciousness and an excessive urge to urinate, etc.
MedicationThe medication for the Hypoglycemic person includes glucose tablets, glucose gel, and fruit juices, etc. The medication for Hyperglycemic persons includes electrolyte replacement, insulin therapy, etc.

What is Hypoglycemia?

Hypoglycemia is a body state in which the body’s normal sugar level decreases abnormally. Sugar present in our body provides us with energy and is often called glucose. This energy helps our body organs to function properly and energetically. A decrease in the level of sugar in the body may cause unconsciousness.

Mostly this deficiency is seen in patients, with diabetes but in some rare cases, normal people can also have this condition of lower sugar levels in the bloodstream. This deficiency requires immediate treatment like taking drinks high in sugar or glucose and eating tablets prescribed by doctors.

Hypoglycemia, if not treated properly or in time, can worsen the person’s health conditions and can cause abnormal brain functioning, visual impairment, retinal problems, etc.

What is Hyperglycemia?

Hyperglycemia can only be caused in a person affected by diabetes. But normal people with bad food habits or high sugar intake habits can get affected by hyperglycemia easily. And in a diabetic patient, this condition can get more dangerous if not treated properly with insulin treatments.

This condition cannot be neglected as it can cause a coma which is a sleeping condition that stays for a long period or can become a lifetime condition. Also, if not in a very serious state, this condition can stay for a long time, causing infections in kidneys, eye problems, and dysfunction in many organs, etc.

The symptoms of Hyperglycemia can be seen if the blood sugar level increases more than 170 to 200 milligrams per deciliter in a human body and, these symptoms are slowly caused; therefore, a person must keep a check on his or her blood sugar levels.

Main Differences Between Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia

  1. Hypoglycemia refers to a deficiency of glucose or sugar in the blood. And the blood sugar level drops less than seventy milligrams per deciliter. On the other hand, Hyperglycemia is a term used to refer to an increase of glucose or sugar levels in the bloodstream.
  2. The medication for Hyperglycemic persons includes electrolyte replacement, insulin therapy, etc. While the medication for the Hypoglycemic person includes glucose tablets, glucose gel, and fruit juices, etc.
  3. Hyperglycemia is caused by excessive intake of anti-glycemic agents more than the recommended dose. Whereas, Hypoglycemia is caused by non-compliance or function failure of anti-glycemic agents.
  4. Hyperglycemia can cause complications like hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state. Whereas, Hypoglycemia can cause complications like diabetic ketoacidosis.
  5. The symptoms seen in Hypoglycemia patients are low blood pressure, shallow breathing, headache, dizziness, and rapid loss of consciousness. While the symptoms seen in Hyperglycemia patients are nausea, abdominal pain, unconsciousness and an excessive urge to urinate, etc.

Conclusion

Eating healthy food and maintaining a healthy lifestyle is a must for everyone. People should eat vegetables and fruits which are rich in nutrients and proteins because our body needs all these things daily. Eating junk food or fast food can cause serious health problems like heart problems, diarrhea, depression, obesity, and cancer, etc.

Hypoglycemic and Hyperglycemic body conditions are caused by stress and an unhealthy lifestyle. Both of these deficiencies are mainly seen in diabetic patients as their blood sugar levels can fluctuate easily. They can be detected by doing blood tests daily with the help of kits specially designed for diabetic patients.

References

  1. https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/17/7/734.short
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749070405701548
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