Difference Between Intelligence and Knowledge (With Table)

The human brain is a more complex organ when compared to other organs in the human body. It contains so many nerves and receptors, which enables us to think and respond. During our whole life, we make memories in our brain, and our brain stores them as our experiences.

Intelligence and Knowledge are also related to our brain activities or brain functioning. These two terms are similar but a little bit different. Intelligence is a human brain function to acquire knowledge and learn new things whereas, Knowledge is the storage of intelligence or experiences a human gain.

Intelligence vs Knowledge

The difference between Intelligence and Knowledge is that Intelligence is not the same in every human being and, it can also be measured by checking the IQ level of a human brain. On the other hand, Knowledge of a human being cannot be measured by any means. It can only be tested.

The Intelligence of a person can be high in many fields like problem-solving, gaining knowledge, reasoning and, many more. It differs from person to person and sometimes age factor also. Your intelligence shows how you store things in your brain and how correctly it responds to things that you do.

Knowledge is limitless. Any person of any age can have an abundance of knowledge and can gain more. It is a lifelong process and does not end. Mainly it is defined as an ability to know or understand something and take it with you as an experience. No one can steal it from you.

Comparison Table Between Intelligence and Knowledge

Parameters of ComparisonIntelligenceKnowledge
ProcurementIntelligence is a human inborn ability and, it cannot be taken by any other person or cannot be passed to others. Knowledge is a life process it increases with experience and can be acquired at any age.
Specialty The specialty of Intelligence is its distinctiveness to individual human beings. The specialty of Knowledge is that it can vary from person to person but can also be the same at the same time.
Developed byIntelligence cannot be developed. It is an inborn ability of a human species. Knowledge is gained or developed by constant hard work and practice.
FunctionsIntelligence functions as a way of solving problems and finding ways to deal with the complexity of any situation. Knowledge functions as a way of knowing situations and analyzing them or tackling them.
Measuring waysIntelligence can be measured in many ways, one of them is the intelligent quotient test. Knowledge cannot be measured it can only be checked or tested.

What is Intelligence?

Intelligence is the art of knowing about a particular object or thing not just at the surface level but at the operational level. The intelligence of a person is considered to be rare because everybody does not have it and also cannot possess it. Intelligence can be inherited but cannot be acquired.

Intelligence does not require guidance or consultancy from any other person in any situation. Apart from human beings, intelligence can be seen in animals and plants. Animals like octopuses, chimpanzees, and dolphins are considered the world’s most intelligent species in the category of animals.

Machines like robots and computers also possess intelligence and, that is called artificial intelligence. Perlmutter, a supercomputer is considered, to be the most strong AI possessing machine.

What is Knowledge?

Knowledge can be associated with grasping things or specific topics. Knowledge can be obtained with the help of books, documents, education, and practice, etc. Several exams are taken for testing human knowledge and, based on that, jobs are provided to them.

There are various types of knowledge like scientific knowledge, social knowledge, situated knowledge, religious knowledge, etc. There is a very famous proverb about knowledge that ‘partial knowledge is a dangerous thing’. Therefore, a person should exhibit full knowledge before educating others or solving any situation.

We usually gain knowledge from others’ intelligence and knowledge. It helps us to tackle situations we are familiar with and, through knowledge, one can achieve success in their life.

Main Differences Between Intelligence and Knowledge

  1. Intelligence is a human inborn or natural ability and, it cannot be taken by any other person or cannot be passed to others. And Knowledge is a life process it develops with experience and can be acquired at any age.
  2. Knowledge is gained or developed by constant hard work and practice. Whereas Intelligence cannot be developed by practice as it is an inborn ability.
  3. The uniqueness of Intelligence is its distinctiveness to individual human beings. While the uniqueness of Knowledge is that it can vary from person to person but can also be the same in the meantime.
  4. Knowledge of an individual cannot be calculated. It can only be checked or tested. Whereas Intelligence can be measured in many ways, one of them is the intelligent quotient test.
  5. Intelligence functions as a way of solving problems and finding ways to deal with the complexity of any situation. While Knowledge functions as a way of knowing situations and analyzing them.

Conclusion

There is nothing in the world that a human being cannot tackle. Some humans are inbuilt brilliant and are gifted with superhuman intelligence. Whereas some are born with a defective brain. All these situations are natural and cannot be stopped by anyone. It can only be improved by constant practice and help.

Intelligence is rare but can be achieved. Whereas, Knowledge is easy to gain but needs hard work and stable attention in any specific topic or situation. Also, there are no restrictions like age, disability, etc., when it comes to obtaining or acquiring knowledge. Both Intelligence and Knowledge are our brain functions, and with time they can be improvised.

References

  1. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2012-27019-007
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/9781405164863.ch3
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