JPA vs Hibernate: Difference and Comparison

JPA depicts the treatment of social information in Java applications. Hibernate is an Object-Relational Mapping device that is utilized to save Java objects in the social information-based framework. Hibernate acts as a provider for JPA’s implementation per se.

Key Takeaways

  1. JPA is a Java specification defining a standard for object-relational mapping (ORM) in Java applications, while Hibernate is a popular JPA implementation.
  2. Hibernate extends JPA with features like caching, lazy-loading, and a powerful query language called HQL.
  3. Developers can switch between JPA implementations without modifying the application code, whereas using Hibernate-specific features can create a vendor lock-in situation.

JPA vs Hibernate

JPA provides a set of interfaces and annotations for ORM in Java. It defines a common set of APIs that are implemented by various ORM frameworks, including Hibernate. Hibernate is an ORM framework that implements JPA. It provides a rich set of features and APIs for ORM in Java. Hibernate’s core features include object-relational mapping, transaction management, caching, and query optimization.

JPA vs Hibernate

A JPA (Java Persistence API) is a particular of Java that is utilized to get to, oversee, and endure information between Java objects and social data sets. It is considered a standard methodology for Object Relational Mapping.

JPA can be viewed as a scaffold between object-arranged space models and social information-based frameworks.

A Hibernate is a Java structure that is utilized to store the Java objects in the social data set framework. It is an open-source, lightweight Object Relational Mapping tool. Hibernate is an execution of JPA. Along these lines, it adheres to the normal guidelines given by the JPA.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonJPAHibernate
ObjectJPA is the Java determination to deal with the java application with social information.Hibernate is the article social planning structure that assists with managing information steadiness.
FunctionIt always require for its functioning, a JPA provider. It is one of the JPA providers.
Defined It is defined in javax.persistence package.
It is defined in org.hibernate package.
LanguageIt uses Java Persistence Query Language (JPQL).It uses Hibernate Query Language (HQL).
Interface The Entity Manager Factory interface is used to interact with the entity manager factory for the persistence unit. It uses the Session Factory interface to create Session instances.

What is JPA?

The underlying arrival of JPA occurred on 11th May 2006. Some Key elements of JPA are given beneath:

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JPA isn’t an execution; it is just a determination. It is a bunch of rules and rules for setting interfaces for the execution of article social planning. It requires few classes and interfaces.

It upholds simpler, cleaner and normalized object-social planning. It upholds polymorphism and legacy.
In this, unique and named inquiries can be added.

JPA itself doesn’t give any execution classes. The API container simply contains a bunch of interfaces that you can use to carry out your ingenuity layer. Yet, you can’t utilize JPA all alone.

You need a JPA supplier which executes the detail. There are a few choices accessible. The most mainstream ones are Hibernate and EclipseLink. In any case, more concerning that later.

Up to this point, JPA was overseen and created by a specialist bunch following the Java Community Process (JCP). That changed when Oracle reported moving all Java EE determinations to the Eclipse Foundation.

We’re currently in the centre of the change interaction, and another particular cycle will be characterized soon.


What is Hibernate?

Hibernate is Red Hat’s exceptionally famous execution of the JPA in particular. It carries out practically all provisions characterized by JPA 2.2 and will deliver a completely consistent form soon.

Hibernate is a structure that is known as the Hibernate ORM system. Hibernate, known as Hibernate ORM, is a system that Red Hat planned. Its underlying delivery occurred on 23 May 2007; it is an article on social planning instruments for the Java language.

It is written in Java, and it upholds a cross-stage JVM. Its authorizing is done under GNU Lesser General Public. JPA is known as Java Ingenuity API.

JPA, which is known as Java Persistence Application Programming Interface OR Java application programming interface, is utilized to deal with social information.

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JPA is fundamentally a determination. It manages the article or social metadata. The language of the JPA is JPQL (Java Persistence Query Language).

Hibernate’s essential provisions are to plan the Java classes to information base tables. Some vital element of Hibernate is given underneath:

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Web improvement, programming dialects, Software testing and others
It’s an execution of JPA rules.
It assists with planning Java classes to information base tables and Java information types to SQL information types.
Hibernate is the supplier of JPA.


Main Differences Between JPA and Hibernate

  1. JPA is the Java determination to deal with the Java application with social information through Hibernate is the article social planning structure that assists with managing information steadiness.
  2. JPA is the lone particular that doesn’t manage any execution, while Hibernate is a standout amongst other JPA suppliers.
  3. In JPA, Entity administrator is utilized, though In hibernate, Session is utilized for dealing with the ingenuity in an application.
  4. JPA is the standard API that permits designers to perform data set tasks without a hitch, while Hibernate is utilized to plan Java information types with data set tables and SQL information types.
  5. The inquiry language of JPA is JPQL (Java Persistence Query Language) though The Query language in this is Hibernate Query Language.

Last Updated : 08 August, 2023

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22 thoughts on “JPA vs Hibernate: Difference and Comparison”

  1. The details regarding JPA’s core features and characteristics provide a thorough understanding of its significance in Java application development.

  2. The detailed information on Hibernate’s primary features and JPA’s role in Java applications is highly beneficial for understanding their usage.

    • Agreed. The article provides a comprehensive overview of JPA and Hibernate, offering valuable insights into their functionalities.

  3. Both JPA and Hibernate play a crucial role in managing data persistence in Java applications. JPA is the Java specification while Hibernate is a popular implementation of it.

  4. The article effectively explains how JPA acts as a bridge between object-oriented domain models and relational database systems.

  5. It’s fascinating to see how Hibernate extends JPA with features such as caching and lazy-loading. This enhances its functionality significantly.

    • The section on what JPA is and its key elements provides a clear overview of its purpose and significance in Java applications.

  6. The information on JPA and Hibernate in this article is well-explained and insightful. It provides a holistic view of their functionalities and usage.

  7. The article’s explanation of JPA as a standard approach for Object Relational Mapping is highly informative and beneficial for developers.

    • The insights provided into Hibernate’s functionalities and its accordance with JPA guidelines are extremely beneficial for developers.

  8. I appreciate the comparison table included in the article. It simplifies the understanding of the parameters and differences between JPA and Hibernate.

  9. This article provides a comprehensive comparison between JPA and Hibernate. It is informative and well-structured.

    • I completely agree. The details provided give a clear understanding of their differences and use cases.

  10. The comparison between JPA and Hibernate is presented in a manner that is comprehensible and beneficial for developers at all levels.


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