Difference Between Lemon and Citron (With Table)

Citrus fruits, due to the presence of an abundance of Vitamin C, are most popular among health enthusiasts. Due to their high health values, more or often, they are in the limelight. The two most common fruits are lemon and Citron. Their use in cooking is unmatchable too. They are excessively used in starters.

Oils, perfumes, flavourings, medicinal products are often extracted from the flowers and these fruits. However, according to the layman, there is not much difference between a lemon and a citron. Therefore, in this article, we will emphasize how lemons are different from Citron.

Lemon vs Citron

The main difference between lemon and Citron is that lemon gives more juice when squeezed, but Citron gives comparatively less juice than lemons. Lemon as a whole can be of great use. Its pulp or rind, zest, juice, all are used in various things. The biggest visible distinguishing feature between lemon and Citron is their shape.

Lemons are circular or spherical. Lemons are used at home for cooking purposes. They are grown naturally in Indian gardens for everyday use. Although both the fruits are rich in Vitamin C, their usage differs from each other. Lemon juice drinks are very popular in combating hot scorching sun.

Citrons can be seen in a variety of shapes. Citrons contain less juice in comparison to lemon as the pulp is considerably dry. Citrons are used commercially to treat certain health problems such as seasickness. However, they are grown commercially by the process of artificial hybridization.

Comparison Table Between Lemon and Citron

Parameters Of ComparisonLemonCitron
ShapeLemons are found in spherical shape only.Citrons are found in variable shapes, such as finger-like.
SizeThe diameter of lemons varies between 1- 4 centimetres.Citrons are much bigger than lemons.
ColourLemons are light green or yellow in colour.Citrons are yellow in colour.
Texture of PulpLemons have juicy pulp.Citrons have dry pulp.
UsageLemons are used extensively in cooking, washing purposes.Citrons are used extensively for medicinal purposes.

What is Lemon?

Lemons are a rich source of Vitamin C. They appear as a light green or yellow colour. The main purpose behind their abundant use in cooking is their acid juice. Lemon is used in various drinks for flavouring purposes as well. The texture of the skin of the lemon is quite leathery. The pulp is very juicy and has a gentle aroma.

Lemons give a sour taste. This distinctive taste is what makes it one of the key ingredients in baking and cooking. Except for the seeds, all the parts of lemon are used either in cooking or decorating the dish. Be it its juice, the zest of the rind, all have some usage. Lemons are the favourite ingredients in marination. They are used for fish and pork marination.

Several types of cuisines, such as Indian cuisine, Moroccan cuisine, use these sour taste fruits in their preparation. Sometimes its juice is also used as preservatives too. When the juice is sprinkled on the sliced pieces of avocados, bananas and apples, it prevents the cut fruits from turning into an awful brown colour.

What is Citron?

Citron is a Citrus fruit with amazing fragrance and is cultivated through the process of artificial hybridization or sometimes natural hybrid speciation as well. However, unlike lemons, the pulp of Citron is dry. 

Insipid juice is present in less quantity in Citrons. Ancient studies suggest that, solely for medicinal purposes, citrons are used in abundance. Citrons are helpful against problems like pulmonary illnesses, seasickness, intestinal problems and many more in the list.

The pulp of citrons produces oil, which acts as an effective antibiotic. The rind present on the outermost layer also gives oil. The yellow coloured pulp or rind of citrons can be considered as a gift to mankind. Citron products and their candies are very popular in Southern Italy and Europe, as Citron are originated from those places only.

Citrons are found in various shape and sizes. Although they are bigger than lemons but possess a variety of shapes. A variety of factors are responsible for this possession of variable shape of citrons. They are found in interesting variable shapes. Sometimes, citrons are found in finger shape as well.

Main Differences Between Lemon and Citron

  1. Lemons are used for cooking purposes by the common man and sometimes for washing purposes as well, due to their acidic juice, whereas citrons are used extensively in the medicinal field to tackle illnesses like seasickness, intestinal problems.
  2. Lemons are found almost everywhere and are quite famous. Whereas the availability of citrons is limited to certain places only, like Italy and Europe.
  3. The size of lemons is small, whereas the size of Citrons is comparatively much larger.
  4. The pulp of the lemon is juicy, whereas the pulp of Citron is dry.
  5. Lemons are available only in a spherical shape, whereas citrons are available in variable shapes, such as finger or ginger.
  6. Lemons are greenish-yellow or yellow, whereas Citrons are bright yellow in colour.
  7. Lemons contain more juice whereas, Citrons contain very little juice in comparison to lemons.
  8. Lemons are grown through natural methods. However, Citrons need artificial hybridization for their growth.

Conclusion

Among many fruits that belong to the citrus family, citrons and lemons are a few. They possess exceptional taste, flavouring various drinks and food available. Their high use in medicinal purposes also makes them an exception. This article well describes the difference between a lemon and a citron.

However, if you are middle of a recipe and do not have Citrons available with you, you can use lemons as a substitute for Citron. You just need to take lemon in the same proportion as Citron. Now they can be used accordingly without any confusion. Without going wrong, either variety of citrus fruit, lemon or Citron can be used as a key ingredient for your lunch or dinner.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168952501024428
  2. https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=OoyWkUQAAAAJ&hl=en&oi=sra
x
2D vs 3D