Difference Between M.Phil. and Ph.D. (With Table)

M.Phil. vs Ph.D.

The key difference between M.Phil. and Ph.D. lies in the fact that M.Phil. is known as ‘Master of Philosophy’ while Ph.D. is known as ‘Doctor of Philosophy’.

The duration to complete the course of M.Phil. is 2 years and for Ph.D. it is 3 years. M.Phil. is considered between a Master’s degree and Ph.D. while Ph.D. remains the highest degree.

In M.Phil., the stipend is not paid on the other hand in a Ph.D. stipend is paid to the students.

The M.Phil. (Master of Philosophy) refers to a postgraduate research Master’s degree.

M.Phil. is different from any other completion of study units and assessments, as it consists of fully an independent project for the students.

It includes a significant research portion, under the supervision of a thesis project.

An M.Phil. degree is rewarded to a postgraduate student after completing the course work and the submission of one or two years of the major research paper.

The Ph.D. (the Doctor of Philosophy Degree) is the highest achievement of a student in the academic world. In many countries, the Ph.D. is not primarily a degree in the field of philosophy.

The Doctor of Philosophy is awarded to the students in an extensive range of variety in academic fields.

Thus, the ‘Doctor’ tile is usually stated to individuals with a Ph.D. In some non-speaking English countries, the title varies in the name of ‘D.Phil.’


Comparison Table Between M.Phil. and Ph.D. (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of ComparisonM.Phil.Ph.D.
MeaningM.Phil. is known as an academic research degree that permits the students to become the master of a specific subject, and it ensures appropriate knowledge for further research.Ph.D. is internationally accredited as the highest level of research degree course obtained by the universities.
Duration2 years (1-year course work & 1 year’s dissertation submission)3 years (1-year course work& 1 year for thesis paper submission)
StipendNot Paid by the University.Paid by the University
Concerned withResearch basics.Original and newly created research work.
Program StructureIt offers course work and dissertation submission.It deals with course work and the new creation of thesis paperwork submission.


What is M.Phil.?

M.Phil. Or the Master of Philosophy is a postgraduate degree formed by the advanced academic research work arranged by the University.

It is also taken as a second degree between the postgraduate and the higher researched doctorate degrees.

The entire duration of M.Phil. The program is for two years. In which, one year is course work obtained by the thesis work.

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During the thesis work, the learners need to refer to the other scholars’ researches, and they search for the newest research on their particular respected field to regenerate it.

The minimum one-year time is estimated for the candidates to submit their full dissertation paper. Thus, it takes two years (one-year course work & one year for thesis) for pursuing M.Phil. degree to a student.

The examination of the dissertation (thesis work) is assessed by the international supervisor and the well-respected external examiner, which may conduct to viva-voce.

When the candidate succeeds in the viva-voce, he/she is granted the qualification of M.Phil. Degree.

Before the submission of the final proposal of the thesis paper or dissertation, the M.Phil. students must provide a seminar presentation on the study and research work that they completed.

M.Phil . Courses
Sample M.Phil.course examples

What is a Ph.D.?

Ph.D. or (Doctor of Philosophy) is the highest degree awarded to the university scholars by the university for the completion of their unique research in a specified topic of a particular field.

It prepares their postgraduate learners as a faculty member and as a researcher for their universities.

To get enrollment in this program, first of all, the students have to eligible to pass on specific exams. For instance, NET, GATE, or equivalent to other exams in their subject chosen for obtaining a Ph.D.

After passing the exam, the candidate is qualified to get admission to the Ph.D. program. The entire program consists of three years.

One year is, for course work, and the rest of the two years is provided to submit the thesis paper. The one-year course work has to be done for the confirmation of Ph.D. registration.

Later, they are eligible to submit their thesis work within the two years duration of the registration date is sanctioned.

Ph.D. Courses
Sample Ph.D. course examples

Main Differences Between M.Phil. And Ph.D.

The difference between M.Phil. and Ph.D. depends on the following criteria-


M.Phil. Defines as a second master’s degree course, and it offers significant chances to the students to pursue knowledge from advanced research work.

In contrast, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) is a professional degree course that eminently offers the doctorate students to become a faculty position and teach the students at university level on the corresponding relative subject that they researched.


The duration of the M.Phil. The program is for two years. One year is for the course work, and another one is for the submission of the dissertation.

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On the contrary, the minimum period of the Ph.D. course is three years.

The time can be extended up to five years, varies on the submission of the proposal and the approval of the thesis.


The M.Phil. Students may not receive any stipend, while the Ph.D. learners are awarded for the allowance to conduct the research work from the university.

Concerned with

The program of M.Phil. includes the necessary research work, and the students mainly focus on the other scholars’ researches on their respective fields.

But in the Ph.D. program, the candidates are required to submit original and individual advanced research work on their particular area. 

 Program Structure

The M.Phil. program structure consists of two significant goals.

The first one is one-years course work, and the second most eminent one is dissertation submission work conducted under the supervision of professionals.

The experts examine the thesis work or the dissertation. The learners necessarily attend a seminar, where they submit the proposal of their research work before the final submission of the dissertation.

Conversely, the Ph.D. program comes with the one-year coursework followed by the thesis work under the observation of a skilled supervisor.

Finally, the personal newly worked thesis paper has to submit within two years due date for pursuing a Ph.D. degree.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) About M.Phil. and Ph.D.

  1. Is M.Phil. equivalent to Ph.D.?

    M.Phil. is an intermediate degree between Masters and Ph.D. It supplies the advantages, as well as the experience of both Masters and Ph.D. programs.

    Here are some resemblances in M.Phil. and Ph.D.:
    1) A lot of the M.Phil. programs are funded. This means that you will obtain a gratuity like a Ph.D. student. Everything, such as lodging, fees, other expenditures, is covered in this stipend.
    RA/TA/lab tasks are obligatory.
    2) You may obtain your very own separate cubicle or desk where you will rest and do your research study.
    3) There are many fewer coursework credits require to be completed in M.Phil. as compared to Ph.D. This suggests that you will have more time to enjoy your independent research study.
    4) Your degree will depend entirely on your thesis. You are also needed to pass the thesis defense.
    5) You will have at least one teacher as your supervisor.

  2. How many years does it take to complete M.Phil.?

    A pupil that registers for an M.Phil.is expected to complete the program within two years. A pupil that is signed up for the Ph.D. program is expected to finish the entire program within three years.

  3. Which is the best M.Phil. or PhD.?

    M.Phil. is basically an advanced post-graduate course. It consists of taught and a research portion.

    Its value is higher than a postgraduate degree but it is not equivalent to a Ph.D. A Ph.D. program takes about 3 years to complete whereas an MPhil degree takes 2 years.

    Ph.D. is a higher degree than M.Phil. and one might be required to pursue a Ph.D. after M.Phil. as M.Phil. is not the highest degree.

    So, it does not make much sense to invest 2 years in an M.Phil. degree if someone is going to opt for a Ph.D. again.

    Ph.D. is best as it is the highest degree and one can opt for it right after masters program.

  4. What are the subjects in M.Phil?

    Following are the subjects in M.Phil:
    M.Phil. Commerce
    M.Phil. Education
    M.Phil. Physical Education
    M.Phil. Management
    M.Phil. Statistics
    M.Phil. Mathematics
    M.Phil. Physics
    M.Phil. Biotechnology
    M.Phil. Chemistry
    M.Phil. Computer Science
    M.Phil. Geo-Marine Technology
    M.Phil. Information Technology
    M.Phil. Marine Biotechnology
    M.Phil. Coastal Aquaculture
    M.Phil. Microbial Technology
    M.Phil Zoology
    M.Phil. English
    M.Phil Physics-Specialization in Renewable Energy Science
    M.Phil. History
    M.Phil. Sociology
    M.Phil. Economics
    M.Phil. Communication

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At the end of the overall discussion, it is proposed that M. Phil. is considered as a less advanced degree in comparison with the Ph.D. degree.

In M.Phil., the learners read a model research paper and search for the latest advanced researches done on the particular subject to rejuvenate it.

While in Ph.D., the research work prepares for producing something fresh and original creation to the topic, in which they continuously experiment and searching something new under the guidance of experts.


Word Cloud for Difference Between M.Phil. and Ph.D.

The following is a collection of the most used terms in this article on M.Phil. and Ph.D.. This should help in recalling related terms as used in this article at a later stage for you.

m phil and ph d
Word Cloud for M.Phil. and Ph.D



  1. https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-core-difference-between-M-Phil-and-PhD
  2. https://www.livemint.com/education/news/india-may-phase-out-m-phil-allow-students-to-pursue-ph-d-after-graduation-11572925902854.html