Difference Between Melody and Harmony (With Table)

A song incorporates melody and harmony together to make it a great piece. But, if melody and harmony are seen as two different parts, then it has several differences. However, a musical composition requires both together to make it a complete package. People tend to often mistake them as similar, but they are very different from each other. A melody emphasizes on vocal part of the song, while harmony focuses on the notes and chords of the music. 

Melody vs Harmony 

The difference between melody and harmony is that melody is composed of words and the main instrument. Harmony, on the other hand, is the song’s instrumental background music. Secondly, Melody is the horizontal component of a song, whereas harmony is the vertical component. Thirdly, Melody has shape, range, and movement altogether. However, harmony involves subordinates or coordinates. Fourthly, Lyrical music notes are needed to complete melodies. Meanwhile, musical instruments together with a combination of notes are required to create harmony. Lastly, Melodies require professional musical skills, while harmony requires correct tone and pitch to complement any harmony.  

Melody is composed of words along with the main instrument in a song. It is the horizontal part of the song. Moreover, it requires to incorporate shape, range, and movement altogether to form a melody. Yet, it needs lyrical music notes to complete it. Besides, it also requires professional music skills to create a melody.

Harmony is the combination of lyrics and the primary instrument in a song. It’s the song’s horizontal section. Furthermore, to construct harmony, it is necessary to combine shape, range, and movement. However, it is missing lyrical music notes to make it complete. Forming a tune also necessitates expert music talents.

Comparison Table Between Melody and Harmony

Parameters of comparison Melody Harmony 
DefinitionMelody is composed of words as well as the main instrument in a song.Harmony is the background music of the song made by instruments. 
PartMelody is the horizontal part of the song.Harmony is the vertical part of the song. 
ComponentsMelody has shape, range, and movement altogether.Harmony involves subordinates or coordinates. 
Completion Lyrical music notes are needed to complete melodies.Musical instruments together with a combination of notes are needed to complete harmony. 
RequiresMelodies require professional musical skills.Harmony requires correct tone and pitch to complement any harmony. 

What is Melody? 

Often listening to a song, we do not realize the components. But, if a musical composition is split, there are a lot of things that are offered. Harmony and melody are components of a song. 

The melody consists of words along with the main instrument in a song. In other words, lyrics along with the instrumental music portion of the song are called melody.  It is the horizontal part of the song.

It is a significant part of the song that develops it further. The first step is to compose any music, then focus shifts on melody, which determines the vocal quality of the song. 

Moreover, it requires to incorporate shape, range, and movement altogether to form a melody. However, a person requires professional vocal skills to compose a song. As the person’s tone and pitch together compliment harmony to complete the composition of music wholly.

Thus, professional vocal skills are required to compose any music or a melody. Melody requires some components to develop it, they are shape, range, and movement. It allows to range the notes among several notes. 

Furthermore, melody signifies its meaning very smoothly since it is depicted through lyrics very clearly. And it draws the attention of the audience very smoothly. 

What is Harmony?

Often listening to a song, we do not realize the components. A part of a song or any musical piece is harmony. 

The harmony consists of a combination of sounds and tunes. In other words, the two or more instrumental music together in a song are called harmony. 

 It is the vertical part of the song as it can increase or decrease the pace of the music.

It is also a significant part of the song that sets the mood of the music further. However, it is not an initial step, but it is necessary for the composition of music. Thus, it sets the feeling of the song.

Moreover, it requires incorporating rhythm and chords altogether to form harmony. However, a person may not expect professional vocal skills to compose harmony. It only requires knowledge about rhythm and notes to execute harmony well. 

Thus, professional vocal skills may not be required to compose harmony. Different standards are kept for composing a song. But, it needs to maintain flow in the entire musical piece for setting the mood straight. 

Furthermore, harmony doesn’t depict its meaning since it’s doesn’t contain words in it. But, it gives an intense feeling so that audience can feel the essence.

Harmony and Melody complement each other. So, they reach the audience very smoothly.

Main Differences Between Melody and Harmony

Melody and harmony can be dependent on each other. However, harmony can be added to an existing melody and harmony is dependent on a melody as harmony cannot exist without harmony. By separating melody and harmony, one can find many differences between a melody and harmony. But, a musical piece requires both to complete it wholly. 

  1. Melody is composed of words as well as the main instrument in a song. Meanwhile, harmony is the background music of the song made by instruments. 
  2. Melody is the horizontal part of the song, while harmony is the vertical part of the song. 
  3. Melody has shape, range, and movement altogether. However, harmony involves subordinates or coordinates. 
  4. Lyrical music notes are needed to complete melodies. Meanwhile, musical instruments along with a combination of notes are needed to complete harmony. 
  5. Melodies require professional musical skills, while harmony requires correct tone and pitch to complement any harmony. 

Conclusion 

Melody and harmony together make a song whole. However,  both as an individual are very different from each other. Yet, people can’t tell them apart due to their shared similarities. A melody is composed of the vocal part of the music, while harmony incorporates the notes chords in the music. 

Melody is the combination of lyrics and the primary instrument in a song. It’s the song’s horizontal section. Furthermore, to construct a melody, it is necessary to combine shape, range, and movement. However, it is missing lyrical music notes to make it full. Forming a tune also necessitates expert music talents.

Melody is a song’s mix of words and principal instruments. It’s the horizontal section of the song. Furthermore, form, range, and movement must all be combined to create a melody. It does, however, lack lyrical music notes to make it complete. Creating a melody also demands excellent musical abilities.

References

  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0255761410372725
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=UxM2Nn96dLoC&oi=fnd&pg=PA55&dq=Melody+vs+harmony+&ots=v5TvLR71vm&sig=oEoEBy3jx2HvU_s7f0Oa3wd41xU
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