Difference Between NAFTA and TPP (With Table)

We have 195 Countries in the world. Every country has its businesses and, the companies desire to spread their business through the world. NAFTA and TPP are the agreements between the countries that help in trading and business.  

NAFTA vs TPP  

The difference between NAFTA and TPP is that NAFTA is the agreement to eliminate the tariff, non-tariff barriers in trading and investment between United States, Mexico and Canada. In Contrast, TPP is the vast trade agreement between 12 Pacific Rim Countries together with America.  

NAFTA derives the ‘North America Free Trade Agreement’ that eliminates the barriers between Mexico, Canada and the United States in marketing. The Mexican president, Canadian Prime Minister and the United States President had signed the agreement in 1992 and took effect on 1994, January 1st. The trilateral trade bloc had started and continued between the three Countries.

TPP is an agreement between the 12 countries of the Pacific Rim. TPP stands for Trans-Pacific Partnership. The 12 countries involved in the TPP agreement are United States, Malaysia, Mexico, Australia, Japan, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Brunei, Canada, Chile and Vietnam. The TPP agreement had signed on February 4th, 2016. The TPP trade is the largest free trade deal on the earth and covers 40 per cent of the global economy.  

Comparison Table Between NAFTA and TPP 

Parameters of Comparison  NAFTA  TPP  
Meaning    
 
NAFTA is a trading agreement between three countries. TPP is a trading agreement between 12 Pacific Rim Countries 
Derivation      NAFTA stands for North America Free Trade Agreement. TPP had derived as Trans-Pacific Partnership. 
Establishment    
 
NAFTA had established in 1992 and effect on 1st January 1994. TPP had established on 4th February 2016.  
Countries Involved  The agreement had agreed upon between Mexico, Canada and the United States.   The TPP agreement had held between Australia, Canada, Chile, Japan, Brunei, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Vietnam, Peru, United States and United States Countries.  
Purpose NAFTA eliminates the tariffs, non-tariffs of exports and imports between three countries. TPP helps to trade between the 12 Pacific Countries. It supports providing middle-class jobs at good wages.   

What is NAFTA?  

NAFTA is an agreement which had signed by Mexico, Canada and the United States. The abbreviation of NAFTA is North America Free Trade Agreement. NAFTA is a marketing agreement between the three countries. NAFTA eliminate the tariff and non-tariff barriers between the three countries and helps in business. The establishment of NAFTA had taken place in 1992 in North America and its effect on January 1st, 1994. The goal of NAFTA formation is to reduce the trade cost and to increase business investments.

The legislatures in NAFTA had inspired by the European Economic Community success. It had established in 1953 in eliminating the tariffs among its members. NAFTA also involves agreements on international trading with business investors. NAFTA helps in deduce the cost of commerce. It encourages small businesses in investment and growth. Languages used in the NAFTA are English, Spanish and French.  

Most of the research says that NAFTA is beneficial for the North American people and the average citizen and, it harms the small minority workers who work in industries. NAFTA replaced the agreement of the Canada-United States, which had established in 1988 between the Canada and United States. In 2017, the President of America’ Donald Trump’ had decided to replace NAFTA.

In September 2018, United States, Mexico and Canada had reached an agreement on NAFTA and replaced it with USMCA. USMCA stands for United States-Mexico-Canada-Agreement and, it had confirmed in March 2020. NAFTA had worked until the USMCA had approved. NAFTA was good for GDP and possess good diplomatic relations. The drawback of NAFTA is, it leads to the loss of manufacturing jobs in the United States.   

What is TPP?  

TPP is an agreement between the 12 Pacific Countries. The TPP had derived as Trans-Pacific Partnership. The 12 countries Australia, Canada, Chile, Japan, Peru, Singapore, United States, Vietnam, New Zealand, Mexico, Malaysia and Brunei had signed in the TPP agreement on 2016 February 4th. TPP is the centrepiece of Barak Obama’s strategy toward Asia. But, the president of America, ‘Donald Trump’ withdrew from the United States in 2017. TPP agreement was the massive free deal trade in the World, and 40 per cent of the global economy had covered. TPP used to support middle-class jobs with good wages and small investment businesses. The benefits of the formation of the Trans-Pacific Partnership are  

  • It had eliminated 18,000 plus income taxes that had made in American exports.  
  • The workers used to get good wages at middle-class jobs.  
  • TPP is the first agreement that focused on central and small businesses.   

After the withdrew of United States, the legislatures of 11countries agreed and replaced the TPP with CPTPP in December 2018. Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) had allowed the other countries by giving membership. The TPP announced the new regulations by allowing online commerce, foreign investors, comprehensive protection for intellectual property, labour codes and many others. According to the United States Trade Representative (USTR), TPP is the first harmful trade for fish that contributed to overfishing. TPP had enforced anti-corruption laws and regulations.  

Main Differences Between NAFTA and TPP  

  1. NAFTA is an agreement between three countries about business and marketing, where TPP is an agreement between 12 Pacific Rims Countries.  
  2. NAFTA had signed in 1992 and, it took effect on 1994, January 1st. In Contrast, TPP had signed on 4th February 2016.  
  3. NAFTA have the best diplomatic relation where TPP have eliminated 18,000 plus income taxes.  
  4.  NAFTA stands for North America Free Trade Agreement and, TPP stands for Trans-Pacific Partnership.  
  5. Both NAFTA and TPP are agreements for businesses but, NAFTA is between 3 countries. On the Other hand, TPP agreement between 12 countries where the U.S had quitted in 2017.  

Conclusion  

NAFTA is a trading agreement between three countries. The purpose of the formation of NAFTA is to eliminate the tariff and non-tariff barriers and allows small businesses to develop.  

TPP is an agreement between the 12 Pacific Countries. The TPP had derived as Trans-Pacific Partnership. TPP agreement was the massive free deal trade in the World, and 40 per cent of the global economy had covered. 

References

  1. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/txamrpl5&section=15
  2. https://www.rieti.go.jp/en/events/16071201/pdf/16_pm2-1_leycegui.pdf
  3. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=EDsuDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=+NAFTA+and+TPP+&ots=szoGNYoaKe&sig=vaXe2k66enRowbhHG6iKOcN3bWE

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