Nylon and polyester are both lightweight, wrinkle-resistant, and durable synthetic fibres that are easy to be maintained and are shrinkage and stretch resistant.
They are frequently used and have several uses in our daily lives. The production of nylon is generally not as cost-effective as the production of Polyester.
- Nylon is softer, smoother, and has better elasticity compared to polyester.
- Polyester is more durable, resistant to UV damage, and dries faster than nylon.
- Nylon is more prone to water absorption, while polyester repels water better.
Nylon vs Polyester
Nylon is a synthetic polymer made from petroleum products. It was first developed in the 1930s as a replacement for silk in the production of stockings. Polyester is a synthetic polymer made from petroleum products. It was first developed in the 1940s and quickly became popular due to its affordability and ease of production.
Nylon is a synthetic fibre with a smooth and soft texture, yet strong. The chemical name for nylon is polyamide. It is frequently used in making daily life equipment like carpets, ropes, and clothes.
It catches fire very easily and is prevented from being used in the kitchen.
Polyester is a rough and dull-looking fabric. Its texture is being improved, but it still is no match to nylon. The chemical name for Polyester is Polyethylene terephthalate.
Like nylon, products made by polyester is also used in day-to-day life, like clothes, hats, blankets, and ropes.
|Parameters of difference||Nylon||Polyester|
|Chemical name||The chemical name for nylon is polyamide.||The chemical name for Polyester is Polyethylene terephthalate.|
|Appearance||Nylon is shiny, elastic, and soft.||Polyester is dry, dull, and rough.|
|Cost||Nylon is more expensive than Polyester.||It is more cost-effective than nylon.|
|Heat-resistance||Nylon is not as reliable as polyester.||Polyester is more reliable in the heat than nylon.|
|Moisture-resistant||Nylon dries up quickly but not as quickly as polyester.||Due to its property to resist moisture, it dries up faster than nylon.|
What is Nylon?
When two big molecules like hexamethylenediamine and adipic acid are reacted together, it forms a bigger molecule, nylon 66.
Nylon is a purely synthetic fiber, unlike other semi-synthetic fibers like rayon. It is strong, elastic, and durable. It was first synthesized using basic components like coal, water, and air.
Several modifications were made later to it. But initially, it did not use any natural component like plant or animal skin.
Nylon has an important application in making things we use every day. It is used to make ropes, toothbrushes, parachutes, carpets, and clothes. It is wrinkle-free and doesn’t need to be ironed.
It has easy maintenance, has a shiny appearance, and is extremely lightweight. Though it cannot be dry cleaned, it is easy to wash and can be dried quickly.
It cannot absorb moisture. Due to this, Nylon fabric is preferred to make swimming costumes and umbrellas. In water parks, nylon clothes are only allowed to be worn by people.
It’s also more likely to be sticky or hang to the skin. It is warmer than polyester but is not used in making warm clothes that are worn in winters.
What is Polyester?
Repeating units of esters make polyester. Polyester is also lightweight, wrinkle-free, and easy to maintain synthetic fibre like nylon.
It is produced from petrol products. Some types of polyester can be nature-friendly and biodegradable, however, the majority affect global pollution. It is recyclable.
Polyesters also play an important role in making things like socks, clothes, hats, blankets, and ropes. It dries quicker than nylon. It can sometimes be dry-cleaned too.
It can catch fire easily like nylon, but it is rather more reliable. Polyester is a more long-lasting material. To soak dyes requires a lot of heat. This implies it’s a dependable choice.
They are wrinkle-free, stretch-resistant, and shrink-resistant. They’re also impervious to mould and discoloration. It can be washed easily by a regular washing machine.
It is breathable and very comfortable to wear. However, its appearance is duller and not as shiny as nylon.
Polyester is a fibre that is more dry and rough. It is more cost-effective and cheaper, as compared to nylon. It is also more moisture-resistant and water-repelling than nylon.
It is often used in making brushes, pillows, carpets, and clothes. Polyester is a very important fabric, as it is a less expensive option and can sometimes replace cotton.
Main Differences between Nylon and Polyester
- The chemical name for nylon is polyamide, while the chemical name for Polyester is Polyethylene terephthalate.
- Nylon is shiny, elastic, and soft, whereas Polyester is dry, dull, and rough.
- Nylon costs more than polyester.
- Nylon can be stretched more and is long-lasting. Polyester does not have elasticity like nylon.
- Nylon is not as reliable in heat as polyester. Nylon melts after it goes to flames, however polyester melts and burns at the same time.
- Nylon and polyester both dry quickly, however, polyester is more moisture-resistant and water-repelling than nylon.
I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️
Piyush Yadav has spent the past 25 years working as a physicist in the local community. He is a physicist passionate about making science more accessible to our readers. He holds a BSc in Natural Sciences and Post Graduate Diploma in Environmental Science. You can read more about him on his bio page.