Difference Between Oil and Gas (With Table)

We all have heard these two terms oil and gas. Whenever we hear the term oil then we think of a thick liquid that is highly flammable or we think about the fuel used in cars. Well, that is an excellent presumption because oils are made that way. On the other hand, gas is a mixture of gases that is in the gaseous state. Both of them are different from each other and have different functionality.

Gas is usually combined with various gases and fossils remains buried on the surface of the earth. Gases and oil both have important uses and also have pretty significant demand in today’s world. The discovery of oil and gas is still considered to be one of the best inventions in the history of mankind.

Oil vs Gas

The difference between oil and gas is that they are in different states/forms. Like oil is in liquid form whereas gas is in the gaseous state. Oil is a mixture of hydrocarbons that whereas gas is a mixture of gases from the fossils remains buried on the surface of the earth.

It is important to know how oil and gas are utilised for different kinds of uses. Gases are used for cooking whereas oil comes in several types like rock oil, hair oil, crude oil, and many more.

Comparison Table Between Oil and Gas

Parameters of ComparisonOilGas
FoundOil is found below the earth’s surface.Gases are formed from fossil fuels and they are mixture of gases.
StateOil is usually in liquid state.Gases are in gaseous state.
SolubleOil is not soluble in waterGases are soluble in water
HarmfulOil is hazardous to nature because they produce more smoke.Gases are nature-friendly because when heated there is no smoke evolved.
ReliabilityOil pipe lines are not that good in reliability.Gas pipe lines are very good in reliability and are safe for underground pipe lines.

What is Oil?

Oil is nothing but they are a mixture of hydrocarbons that are liquid at room temperature. Now, oil can be of many types, and depending upon their types their uses are distinguished. It is obvious that you will not use cooking oil for fuel inside your car. You will use petroleum or diesel for your car.

Similarly, since oils are of various types they are made in different way and are processed in a different way. Oil is higher in density and has a lower rate of diffusion. Oil is different from gas because oil and gas have got two different forms as one is in the liquid state and the other is in the gaseous state.

Oil can be used as fuels and oils are non-renewable energy forms. Some oil is found naturally from beneath the earth’s surface and this is the reason why they are non-renewable energy. Oils are in great demand in today’s world because with an increase in the automobile industry fuels are in huge demand.

The residual fuel contains sulphur and their properties are not suitable for most cases. Whenever there is low fuel in a car or in any other vehicle it is these properties of sulphur that will trouble your vehicle from performing.

Oil when heated produces much more heat and smoke than gases and this is one of the reasons why gases are becoming the first choice as a fuel option. Oil pipes if there is any leakage could lead to dangerous consequences.

What is Gas?

Gas is nothing but a mixture of other gases usually the fossil remains from below the Earth’s surface. Gases are also in great demand in today’s world because they are considered to be the safest fuel. Gas has got many uses and some of the most common ones are cooking, heating, drying clothes and many other pieces of stuff.

Gases are also non-renewable forms of energy that is they are found below the earth’s surface and cannot be renewed easily because it takes time to generate more fossil fuels. Natural gas is said to be much cheaper than oil and therefore more and more natural gases should be used.

It is the use of oil fuel in cars that produce so much pollution in the air. Gas fuel is being replaced instead of oil fuel because there would be less smoke evolved and therefore the use of it will become less hazardous for the environment.

Gases evolve more heat and light than oil and they are smokeless and the flames are brighter than oil and also they are much cleaner. Gas pipes that go underground are much more reliable than oil pipes.

However, when compared with oil gases are water-soluble and therefore whenever we need a backup oil becomes the preferred choice.

Main Differences Between Oil and Gas

  1. Oil is in liquid state and gases are in gaseous state.
  2. Natural gas is quite cheaper than oil.
  3. Oil is not soluble in water but gases are soluble in water.
  4. Gas evolves less or no smoke when they are burned but oil releases a lot of smoke.
  5. Gas pipelines are very much reliable and is a safe option for underground pipelines.
  6. Oil is much more hazardous to the environment than gases.


Both oil and gas are necessary items in today’s world. But, it is seen that oil is much more hazardous than gases and therefore many industrial factories are switching to gas-used fuel and therefore they can save both money and become nature friendly.

Oil produces a lot of smoke while they are in process and therefore it becomes hazardous for the environment. Gases burn clean and therefore have more advantages than disadvantages. So, if you also want to save the planet then try using natural gas than the oil.


  1. https://www.albertasecurities.com/Notices%20Decisions%20Orders%20%20Rulings/Issuers/20140903%20Legend%20Oil%20and%20Gas,%20Ltd.CTO.pdf
  2. https://www.osti.gov/biblio/5203215
  3. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421501001446
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