Difference Between Ophthalmologist and Optician

The eye is one of our most important organs and is even more important than the brain. It is vital for our daily life, and if something goes wrong with it, we can’t imagine our life without eyes.


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Eye doctors are one of the most important and profitable professions, and you will see most people will visit an eye doctor at least once in their life.

Ophthalmologist vs Optician

The difference between ophthalmologists and opticians is that they have two very different fields of specialization related to the eye. An ophthalmologist is, in a true sense, an eye doctor with his primary field of study as ophthalmology, while an optician is a practitioner whose field of specialization is optics.

Ophthalmologist vs Optician

An ophthalmologist is a doctor who specializes in medical and surgical eye problems; he is also called an eye doctor.

He is an expert in the anatomy and physiology of the eye, and diagnostics and medical and surgical treatment of eye diseases and injuries. Thus he not she is a type of specialist in eyes.

An optician is a highly trained individual who helps people with many eye-related problems concerning glasses, contact lenses, and vision therapy.

Most opticians specialize in one or two categories. He or she is not versed with the treatment of the eye or the performing of any eye surgery.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonOphthalmologistOptician
Field of ExpertiseThe field of expertise of an ophthalmologist in ophthalmology.The field of expertise of an optician is both ophthalmology and optics.
Handling LensAn ophthalmologist does not deal with lenses.An optician specializes in lenses.
SurgeryAn ophthalmologist is trained to perform eye surgeries.An optician is not trained to perform eye surgeries.
MedicationAn ophthalmologist prescribed medications for the treatment of eye diseases.An optician prescribed medicines to improve or adjust to optical fibres provided to patients.
SalaryAn ophthalmologist earns more than an optician.An optician earns less than an ophthalmologist.

What is Ophthalmologist?

An ophthalmologist is a medical professional who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases, visual defects, and trauma.

Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who are trained in treating these vision problems and in the basic medical and surgical care of the cornea, the eye’s outermost layer.

Ophthalmologists are certified by the Board of Ophthalmology, and they must complete a minimum of four years of undergraduate and four years of medical school before applying and beginning a residency and, finally, a fellowship in ophthalmology.

After four years of medical school, on average, an ophthalmologist has to take three years of further specialized training.

An ophthalmologist also has to deal with other parts of the body when the eye is afflicted, for instance, when the nose or the ear are affected by certain eye diseases or when the eye is affected in general by any other disease.

A particularly important part of an ophthalmologist’s work is the examination of the eyes.

He examines the eyes of the children at their schools, controls the eyes of prospective drivers, test the eyes of soldiers in times of peace and performs eye operations. An ophthalmologist, however, has nothing to do with corrective lenses or frames.


What is Optician?

An optician is a tradesperson who makes and fits eyeglasses and contact lenses. An optician might work in a specialized optical store, at a retail outlet, in a hospital or a laboratory.

They purchase their products from wholesale optical companies. They purchase frames, lenses and other supplies from the wholesale optical companies.

Opticians must be familiar with the various technologies of glasses, including thin lenses, anti-reflective, photochromic, varifocals, low vision, sports glasses, bifocals, transition lenses, digital lenses, etc.

An optician is a health care professional who performs eye examinations and prescribes corrective lenses

. Opticians have a broad knowledge of all areas of health care, especially with the eyes. They have a good eye for detail and a talent for understanding the needs of patients.

Opticians work with a wide range of eye issues, from prescribing glasses to glaucoma. They also perform contact lens exams and sell a range of lenses.

Opticians need to have a bright personality, a passion for customer service, and the patience to work with people from all walks of life.

However, opticians are not trained to perform any kind of corrective measures like surgeries and such. Their way of treatment if the eye quite differs from an ophthalmologist.


Main Differences Between Ophthalmologist and Optician

  1. An ophthalmologist does not have intricate knowledge of optics, although he has to be familiar with new and advance optic tools; however, an optician is also called an optometrist especially desks with lenses and frames to help patients improve their eyesight.
  2. An ophthalmologist is trained to perform eye surgeries, whereas an optician is not.
  3. An ophthalmologist has to complete an MBBS course to become an eye doctor, whereas an optician can specialize in optometry even after normal graduation in a relevant field.
  4. An ophthalmologist earns more than an optician as the grade of an ophthalmologist is higher than an optician.
  5. An ophthalmologist can prescribe medicines to patients, whereas an optician can only prescribe lenses and have them be custom made fitting to your needs.
Difference Between Ophthalmologist and Optician


  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=SOR1DwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA13&dq=optician&ots=O0agsTdT4F&sig=u7EviN7i9LiAdD_tjM_D0aOeMqk
  2. https://bjo.bmj.com/content/86/5/587.short
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