Passport vs Visa: Difference and Comparison

When you travel abroad to a different country, you will have to get a Passport and Visa, and thus it becomes essential to know about both of them.

Key Takeaways

  1. A passport is an official government document proving citizenship and identity, while a visa permits entry and stay in a foreign country.
  2. A passport is required for international travel, while a visa is necessary based on the destination country’s regulations and the traveller’s purpose of visit.
  3. Visas have specific expiration dates and conditions, while passports are valid longer and can be used for multiple trips.

Passport vs Visa

A passport is a small booklet that serves as documentation that shows the identity of an individual during travels and whether they’re legally allowed in a country. A visa is a stamp on a passport that serves as legal authorization, which allows an individual to stay or visit a foreign country.

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Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonPassportVisa
Nature of the documentA passport is a small-sized bookletA visa is a stamp placed on your passport
PurposeFunctions as an individual certification document. It reveals personal identities during foreign travels.It is a legal authorization that permits an individual to enter and stay in a foreign country. It confirms your purpose of staying in the new country.
Source of issuanceYou obtain a passport from your country of origin. You then receive permission to travel out of your country to a foreign land.A visa is issued by the distant country you intend to visit. You gain legal authorization to enter the new country for stated purposes.
FeaturesPassports feature names, citizenship, date of birth, photo, and physical addressesVisas feature the reasons for individual authorization to the foreign land and the duration of stay.
Approval statusPrivately approvedPublicly certified

What is Passport?

A passport verifies the country of origin and other personal details whenever an individual travels across borders. It also benefits in gaining permission upon returning to the home country.

Some essential information on the passport includes name, photo, gender, date of birth, and physical characteristics.


Travel Quiz

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For government officials and diplomats, passports differ from the ones given to ordinary citizens. Often, every country’s governorship must ensure that its citizens do not enter other countries without permission and with no good reason.

This is why nations put an account for all their citizens travelling abroad by issuing legal passports.


What is Visa?

Visa states the confirmation that you have legal permission to enter a foreign land. The common types of visas include transit, work, and study visas.

A visa’s approval can be for either a one-time time visit or multiple visits. It all depends on the rules governing the specific country of visit.

Besides, some visas need an individual’s application filing before entering a foreign country. Others require that you file the document as soon as you enter the new state.

Also, most embassies will ask for an interview process and a routine medical checkup before the visa application.

Nations like to put account details for every foreigner entering their lands. They do this for security and transparency and to know why most strangers visit those countries.

It explains why visa approval is a prerequisite to accessing a foreign nation.


Main Differences Between Passport and Visa

  1. A passport is a private and legal travel document. A visa is a publicly certified document of approval given to a person to inhabit a foreign nation.
  2. Before entering, a passport indicates to other nations that you are a lawful citizen of your country of origin. Visa involves the stamping of your passport by the country of visit. It can be either before the travel or arriving at the foreign nation.
  3. The passport features your details such as name, photo, date of birth, citizenship, and physical address. It gives you approval out of your territories. A visa indicates why you can enter a new country for work, study, tourism, or long-term residence. It also shows how long you are accepted to stay in the country.
  4. When traveling abroad, you receive a passport from your country as an identification document. For a visa, you obtain legal authorization from the country you visit. The approval is by stamping your passport before traveling or entering a foreign country.
Difference Between Passport and Visa
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