Difference Between Pendant and Depuis

French prepositions such as pendant and depuis are used to describe the duration of a particular event or action. Pendant and depuis are also popularly known as temporal expressions. Both these terms have a very specific meaning yet English speakers often get confused between the two terms.

Pendant vs Depuis

The main difference between Pendant and Depuis is that the term pendant means during, it is used to describe past or future actions whereas, Depuis means since and is used to describe the actions which have started in the past and are still happening.

Pendant vs Depuis

Pendant in French is used to express the term during. It is a preposition of time. Pendant usually describes an event that has already taken place or is about to take place. The activity in reference to the pendant is being used should have no connection with any present or ongoing activity.

Depuis in French is used to express the term since. It is also a preposition of time. It is a French verb that is used to state an event that has started in the past and is still taking place. Depuis is suitable for relating to activities taking place in present perfect or present perfect progressive.

Comparison Table Between Pendant and Depuis

Parameter of ComparisonPendantDepuis
TranslationDuringSince
UseDescribe past or future actionsDescribe actions that started in the past and is still happening
TensePast or futurePresent
Rule 1Used during conversing about a particular activity that has a specific start and endUsed while conversing about an activity which has been committed in the past and also present
Rule 2It has only one ruleUsed while conversing about an activity that had been started but was stopped by a different set of action

What is Pendant?

Pendant the French preposition is used as a preposition of time. It translates to the English phrase during. The pendant can also be used in the meaning of the English term for. In this particular manner, it is additionally the synonym for the French term Durant which means during.

Pendant usually describes past and future activities. It describes how long an activity has lasted or how long it is going to last. Pendant is used while conversing about activities that have happened during a particular period in the past or future.

Pendant usually has one specific rule which states pendant can only be used while conversing about a particular activity that has a specific beginning and end to it. One uses pendant while conversing in place of for in past and future tense. The entire time frame of the activity should have no connection with any present or ongoing activity.

What is Depuis?

Depuis is a French preposition used as a preposition of time. It translates to the English phrase since. Depuis is used as a French verb that states the present tense. It is used when an activity has started in the past and is still taking place. Therefore in French countries, it is often noticed that the term depuis is added before a year when the business was started.

In English grammar, it is suitable for relating to activities taking place in present perfect or present perfect progressive. Depuis also describes an activity that had been started in the past but was stopped by a different set of actions. In the French language, it is expressed with the term imparfait.

Depuis has two very specific rules which are to be followed. Depuis can only be used while conversing about an activity that has started in the past but and is still taking place. And, depuis can also be used while conversing about an activity which had been started in the past but was stopped by a different set of actions.

Main Differences Between Pendant and Depuis

  1. The immediate translation of the word pendant is during whereas the translation of the word depuis means since.
  2. The French preposition pendant is used about past of future activities whereas the preposition Depuis is used in reference to present or ongoing activities.
  3. Pendant usually refers to the entire time frame of activity in the past or future, with no connection to the present or any ongoing activity. Depuis usually refers to an activity that has started in the past and is still taking place.
  4. Pendant is only used while conversing about a particular activity that has a specific beginning and end to it whereas; Depuis is used while conversing about an activity that has been committed in the past and the present.
  5. Pendant has only one specific rule on where it can be used however in the case of Depuis it has another rule which states that Depuis can also be used while conversing about an activity that had been started in the past but was stopped by a different set of event.

Conclusion

Pendant and depuis both are French prepositions also commonly known as temporal expressions. Both pendant and depuis are prepositions of time which helps when an activity has been performed. There is a strong confusion between the two prepositions but both have very distinct and separate usage.

Pendant as a French preposition is used to express the term during whereas depuis as a French preposition is used to express the term since. The French preposition pendant is used about past of future activities whereas the preposition Depuis is used in reference to present or ongoing activities.

References

  1. https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/jbp/sl/2007/00000031/00000001/art00001
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=OUFAAAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA49&dq=french+preposition&ots=zgx0b_XHlE&sig=SDAjaE1-fafxKUiSPLh5whz_TGM
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