Difference Between Pneumonia And Congestive Heart Failure

Pneumonia and Congestive heart failure are two very different medical conditions that happen to two different organs of the body.

Some symptoms of them are similar and therefore it can be confusing to tell what it is before the tests. Though the tests can report what it is.

The differences between the two terms are mentioned below.

Pneumonia vs Congestive Heart Failure

The main difference between Pneumonia and Congestive Heart Failure is that Pneumonia happens because of a virus while congestive heart failure doesn’t cause because of a virus. The cause of heart failure can be any condition that damages the heart. Pneumonia affects our lungs while congestive heart failure affects our heart.

Pneumonia vs Congestive Heart Failure

Pneumonia is an infection because which the air sacs of our lungs get filled with fluid. This affects our breathing, it becomes heavier and chest pain can occur as well.

Also, this causes cough or phlegm. A variety of bacteria or viruses can cause pneumonia.

Congestive Heart failure can occur because of many conditions like high blood pressure, thyroid, diabetes, etc. In heart failure, the heart works slower than normal.

It pumps blood slower and works less efficiently due to which the body’s blood flow is compromised. The other organs didn’t get enough nutrients and oxygen.

Comparison Table Between Pneumonia And Congestive Heart Failure

Parameters of ComparisonPneumoniaCongestive Heart Failure
DefinitionIt is an infection that affects the lungs in the body.It is a disease in which the heart works slower than usual.
CauseThe causes are insanitation, bacteria, fungi, or a virus.Congenital heart disease, kidney disease, Arrhythmia, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking are some of the causes.
SymptomsChest pain, fatigue, weakness, high fever, cough, etc.Chest pain, difficulty in breathing, weakness, fatigue, weight gain, etc.
DiagnosisBlood tests, chest X-rays, CT scans, etc.Blood tests, ECG, Chest X-ray, MRI, Ejection fraction, stress test, MUGA scan, etc.
TreatmentPrescribed antibiotics, pain relievers, and cough syrups.Healthy diet, limiting fluid intake, prescribed medication, rest, etc.

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection due to which the lungs of the body get affected. It inflames the air sacs in our lungs which leads to breathing problems.

The air sacs get filled with liquid that why the patient experiences chest pain, cough, chills, and fever.

The main cause of catching pneumonia is bacteria, fungi, or a virus. Insanitation causes viruses and bacteria’s and therefore people going to unhealthy areas catch pneumonia easily.

The risk of pneumonia is more to very young children, as newborns and too old age people above 60. Also, people with the less immune system, or having any other disease already are higher at risk.

Pneumonia can be severe if not handled with proper medical attention, it can be life-threatening. It causes breathing problems, it can cause stress to the heart which can lead to heart failure.

You can prevent the risk of pneumonia by staying healthy and sanitated. Also, vaccinations are available to prevent pneumonia.

To diagnose the infection blood tests, chest X-rays, CT scans, etc. are done. Pneumonia is a very common infection, almost 10 million cases show up every year.

To treat the infection, antibiotics, pain relievers, and cough syrups are used though if severe hospitalization will be needed.

What is Congestive Heart Failure?

Congestive heart failure is a disease that affects the working of our heart. The heart slows down and works less efficiently than it used to.

This leads to not pumping of blood at the normal rate and so the blood flow in the body is compromised.

This affects other organs of the body and so the patient experiences chest pain, difficulty in breathing, weakness, fatigue, weight gain, and difficulty in concentrating.

Heart failure can be caused because of many heart conditions like suffering from a heart attack, congenital heart disease, kidney disease, Arrhythmia, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking or by drugs taken while chemotherapy, etc.

It is a serious and common disease.

Blood tests, ECG, Chest X-ray, MRI, Ejection fraction, stress test, MUGA scan, etc. are done to diagnose heart failure.

And its treatment includes a healthy diet, limiting fluid intake, prescribed medication, rest, and sometimes a pacemaker is also implanted in the patient’s body.

There are four stages of heart failure: Stage A, B, C, and D. All these four different show different symptoms and would require different medications.

Stage D is the last stage in which heart failure can be treated but you cannot get fully cured.

Main Differences Between Pneumonia And Congestive Heart Failure

  1. Pneumonia is an infection. Congestive heart failure is a disease.
  2. Pneumonia is caused by viruses or bacteria. Congestive heart failure is caused by any heart condition like heart attack, etc.
  3. Pneumonia affects the lungs, the air sacs fill with fluid. Congestive heart failure affects the heart rate, it slows it down and the heart starts working slower than normal.
  4. A person can get fully cured in case of pneumonia. However, heart failure can only be managed, it cannot be fully cured.
  5. Pneumonia can lead to heart failure, though heart failure cannot lead to pneumonia.
Difference Between Pneumonia And Congestive Heart Failure

Conclusion

Pneumonia and Congestive heart failure are both fatal medical conditions. They affect the health of a person very much.

A person affected with any one of them needs immediate medical attention and has to get admitted to the hospital.

Both of these have some common symptoms like chest pain, nausea, fatigue, fever, vomiting, weakness, etc.

Pneumonia is an infection that is caused by a virus or bacteria. In pneumonia, the air sacs of our lungs get inflamed. They get filled with fluid which is why breathing problems occur.

Pneumonia is riskier for young children and older people, and also for people who have any other disease or have a weak immune system.

Congestive heart failure is a disease in which the heart works slower than usual. This affects the blood flow in the body and eventually the organs.

And this is why the patient feels stuffiness in the breathing passageways.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673610614596
  2. https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1161/circ.102.suppl_4.iv-14
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