Difference Between Polyester and Microfiber (With Table)

There are hundreds of varieties available in textiles. Polyester and microfiber are two different textiles used in many industries for distinct purposes. Clothing sectors depend mainly on polyesters for their distinct production. Microfibers are to make house holding fibers.

Polyester vs Microfiber

The difference between polyester and microfiber is their size. The polyester is heavier when compared to microfiber. Polyester is two times more substantial than microfibre. When compared to polyester, microfibre is a more breathable textile. Polyester is more strong and resistant, but microfibre is less durable. Polyester is cheaper when compared to microfibre. Polyester is derived from petroleum products whereas microfiber is derived from polyesters.

Polyester has come under the polymers category. It contains an ester functional group in the main chain so have it has the name polyester. Polyethylene terephthalate is a specific material present in polyester. The chemicals that occur naturally in plants and insects and in synthetics like polybutyrate are present in polyester. There are biodegradable polyesters are available. Those are natural polyesters. But in clothing, synthetic polyesters are used widely. The synthetic polyesters are non-biodegradable.

Microfiber is originated from polyester and nylon clothes. They are the finest synthetic fiber around one decimeter in size. In simple, it is about the one-fifth diameter of the human hair. Microfibers are produced from polyesters and polyamides. The mixture of polyester, polyamides, and polypropylene is also microfiber. To produce mats, knits and other household essentials microfiber is in the first place. Microfiber has a specific shape, characteristics, and toughness. Microfiber is also used to make traditional accessories.

Comparison Table Between Polyester and Microfiber

Parameters of comparisonPolyesterMicrofiber
SoftnessPolyester is stifferMicrofiber is soft
MoisturePolyester is water repellentMicrofiber can absorb water
TexturePolyester is tough and artificialMicrofiber is smooth and silky
BreathePolyester is not breathableMicrofiber is breathable
DurablePolyester is durableMicrofiber is not as durable

What is Polyester?

Polyester has come under the polymers category. It contains an ester functional group in the main chain so have it has the name polyester. Polyethylene terephthalate is a specific material present in polyester. The chemicals that occur naturally in plants and insects and in synthetics like polybutyrate are present in polyester. There are biodegradable polyesters are available. Those are natural polyesters. But in clothing, synthetic polyesters are used widely. The synthetic polyesters are non-biodegradable.

To produce blended clothes, polyesters are mixed with spun which give natural fibers. Many industries use cotton-polyester for its tear-resistant feature. The synthetic fibers are highly resistant to water and the environment. These reasons make synthetic polyester are artificial. The polyesters derived from the plants are not as much as resistant to water and the environment as synthetic polyesters. The plant-derived polyesters are melted when ignited. Since polyester is derived from petroleum they are carbon-intensive.

Polyesters are also available in liquid crystalline. it is the first industrial used polyesters. The liquid crystal polyesters are high resistance to heat and have complex mechanical properties. in the period of origin of life, natural polyesters have a significant role. In simple prebiotic conditions, the long chain of polyesters is activated by a small number of catalysts. Many kinds of polyesters are used in recycled products and also reproducible polyesters are available. Million tons of polyester are produced and sold worldwide.

What is Microfiber?

Microfiber is originated from polyester and nylon clothes. They are the finest synthetic fiber around one decitex in size. In simple, it is about the one-fifth diameter of the human hair. Microfibers are produced from polyesters and polyamides. The mixture of polyester, polyamides, and polypropylene is also microfiber. To produce mats, knits and other household essentials microfiber is in the first place. Microfiber has a specific shape, characteristics, and toughness.

In 1950, the thinnest microfiber are started producing in the market. For producing the thinnest microfiber several techniques like spinning and flash spinning are used. In the initial period, only a few applications are available for the production of microfibers. Later many applications are in use for the production of the thinnest microfiber. Dr. Miyoshi Okamoto is a Japanese scientist who finds many techniques to produce the thinnest microfiber. In those techniques, Ultrasuede is one of the famous techniques or applications.

In 1990, microfiber was first published in Sweden. In many ways, microfibers are used. In the production of athletic wear, cycling jerseys microfibers have a significant role. The microfiber can absorb water easily so it is used in the production of those clothes. Microfiber is a good elastic maintainer, so it gives a perfect shape to the body. This is also the reason for people who choose microfiber. It is also used in swimsuits and many household essentials. Microfiber is expensive when compared to polyester clothes. Cleaning cloths are also made with microfiber for easy absorption of water.

Main Differences Between Polyester and Microfiber

  1. Polyesters are originated from petroleum products, whereas microfiber is originated from polyester and nylon.
  2. Polyesters are used in our fashion, and the microfiber is used in house hold accesories.
  3. Polyester clothes are artificial, and microfiber cloth feels soft and warm.
  4. Polyester is water repellent, whereas microfiber absorbs water efficiently.
  5. Polyester is stiffer when compared to microfiber.

Conclusion

Both polyester and microfiber have their unique properties and characteristics. Polyester is used to make our fashion clothes, and the microfiber is used to produce household essentials. Both of them are needed to do certain tasks. Polyester is stiffer by production, and the microfiber is softer by production. Polyester is originated from petroleum products, whereas microfiber is originated from polyester and nylon textiles. Both of them have unique features and use widely in the textile industry. They both are warm in nature and easy to clean. Depending on your need, you can choose the best textile for your use.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749119309194
  2. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/09556220010371711/full/html
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