Difference Between Punjabi and Gurumukhi (With Table)

Many people are of the thought that Punjabi is a language and Gurumukhi is one more language in which Guru Granth Sahib is composed. Whereas, this isn’t the situation. The facts confirm that Gurumukhi is used to compose Guru Granth Sahib, however the language wherein it is composed is Punjabi.

Punjabi vs Gurumukhi

The difference between Punjabi and Gurumukhi is that Punjabi is a language whereas Gurumukhi is a script that is used to write the Punjabi language. Anything that the Guru talks are Gurmukhi, regardless of whether it’s Punjabi, Farsi, Arabic and so on.

Punjabi is a language so profoundly advanced with a style that it has procured the situation with the 11th most mainstream language of the world. It is likewise viewed as an indispensable piece of the Indo-Aryan language family. Expectedly, Punjabi has the authority language status in Punjab while the other northern India states, for example, Haryana and Delhi give it the position of second authority language.

Gurmukhi is the Sikh language of supplication wherein the Guru Granth Sahib is composed. “Gurmukhi” signifies “of the master’s mouth.” The second Sikh Master, Angad Dev, accentuated perusing sacred text day by day. He fostered a phonetic content, gotten from a sixteenth-century script, which could be handily educated by the normal individual. Master Angad interpreted the structures of his archetype, Guru Nanak, into Gurmukhi.

Comparison Table Between Punjabi and Gurumukhi

Parameters of ComparisonPunjabi Gurumukhi
MeaningPunjabi is a language. Gurumukhi isn’t a language, it is the content that is the way the Punjabi is composed, actually like Devnagri being the content of Hindi.
OriginPunjabi is gotten from the Gurumukhi script.Gurumukhi is abugida gotten from the Brahmi script normalized continuously Guru of the Sikhs.
LimitationPunjabi is composed additionally like the Hindi and Urdu scripts.The Sikhs who communicate in Punjabi for the most part compose it in the Gurumukhi script.
SpreadPunjabi is spoken by 44% of the number of inhabitants in Pakistan and 3 per cent of the all-out populace in India.Gurumukhi is the most broadly utilized content to compose Punjabi in India.
ScopePunjabi is a language in the gurumukhi script.Anything that the master talks are Gurmukhi, regardless of whether it’s Punjabi, Farsi, Arabic and so on.

What is Punjabi?

Punjabi language, Punjabi likewise spelt Panjabi, perhaps the most generally communicated in Indo-Aryan dialects. The old British spelling “Punjabi” stays in more normal general utilization than the scholastically exact “Panjabi.” Punjabi is an Indian language, which has a place with the external circle of the Indo-Aryan dialects and remotely related English being an individual from a similar Indo-European language family.

It is an advanced Indo-Aryan language spoken basically in the Punjab conditions of the two India and Pakistan. It nearly resembles Hindi and Urdu. The Punjabi language is spoken by about 70 million speakers, generally in the Punjab area in Pakistan.

There are likewise significant abroad networks of Punjabi speakers, especially in Canada and the United Kingdom—wherein the mid 21st century they separately established the third and fourth biggest phonetic gatherings in the public populaces—just as in a few pieces of the United States.

In disdain of Punjabi’s extremely enormous quantities of speakers and rich customs of mainstream verse, the normalization of the language was verifiably restrained by the absence of true acknowledgement just as by the distinctive social inclinations of the three primary nearby strict networks of Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs.

What is Gurumukhi?

In India, Punjabi is written in the unmistakable Gurmukhi script, which is especially connected with the Sikhs. That content is an individual from the Indic group of contents, composed from left to right, however, in its association, it contrasts essentially from the Devanagari used to compose Hindi. The Urdu script, composed from right to left, is utilized for composing Punjabi in Pakistan, where it is these days normal given the imitative name Shahmukhi.

Punjabi is additionally composed utilizing Urdu and Hindi contents. In opposition to another prevalent view, Guru Ji didn’t create Gurmukhi without any preparation; he changed the Landa script. He and cleaned the landa content to reflect, articulation and the credible apparent articulations to what in particular is known as Gurmukhi today.

The Landa had been around for quite a long time before the Guru Ji’s. If one peruses that piece of Guru Granth Sahib which is known as Patti one tracks down that this Gurbani composed by the principal Guru Ji specifies the letters of Gurmukhi by similar names as we probably are aware them today. On the off chance that Guru Angad Dev Ji made the Gurmukhi letters in order, how Guru Nanak Dev Ji might have referenced it in his bani quite a few years sooner. This content is known as Gurmukhi or in a real sense, the content utilized by Gurmukhs existed some time before.

Main Differences between Punjabi and Gurumukhi

  1. Punjabi is a language while Gurumukhi isn’t a language, it is the content that is the way the Punjabi is composed, actually like Devnagri being the content of Hindi.
  2. Punjabi is gotten from the Gurumukhi script while Gurumukhi is abugida gotten from the Brahmi script normalized continuously Guru of the Sikhs.
  3. Punjabi is composed additionally like the Hindi and Urdu scripts yet the Sikhs who communicate in Punjabi for the most part compose it in the Gurumukhi script.
  4. Punjabi is spoken by 44% of the number of inhabitants in Pakistan and 3 per cent of the all-out populace in India while Gurumukhi is the most broadly utilized content to compose Punjabi in India.
  5. Punjabi is a language in gurumukhi script though anything that the master talks are Gurmukhi, regardless of whether it’s Punjabi, Farsi, Pashto Arabic and so on.

Conclusion

Punjabi is a language, and Gurumukhi is a content that is utilized to compose the Punjabi language. Punjabi is a language having a place with the gathering of Indo-Aryan dialects. This is a language verbally expressed conspicuously in the Punjab condition of both Pakistan and India. It significantly takes after Urdu and Hindi.

Two fundamental scripts are utilized to compose Punjabi. The Punjabi-communicating in Muslims composes this language in Perso-Arabic content from right to left. This content is otherwise called Shahmukhi. Punjabi is composed likewise like the Hindi and Urdu scripts.

The Sikhs communicate in Punjabi which is mostly composed in the Gurumukhi script which got embraced by Angad Dev Ji, among one of the ten Gurus of the Sikhs. It was not designed by Guru Ji without any preparation however by adjusting the then-existing Landa content and cleaning it to what in particular is known as Gurumukhi.

References

  1. http://ijoes.vidyapublications.com/paper/Vol13/33-Vol13.pdf
  2. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7014740/
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