Difference Between Science and Religion (With Table)

The connection between science and religion has fluctuated throughout the ages. Different philosophers have claimed that these two conceptions are fundamentally incompatible and completely distinct.

 Science is the methodical study and utilization of ideas and preservation of the human and improvements in living standards using evidence-based techniques. Religion is a set of beliefs in a deity or spirits and the behaviors associated with that religious ideology.

Science vs Religion

The main difference between Science and Religion is that if we are scientific, we tend to observe, calculate and believe what our experiences have taught us. While being religious, another factor adds to our observations and calculations, i.e. faith.  People devote their lives to their faith in a divine supernatural entity.

Science is the way of explaining theories with proof. It gives a rather logical explanation and answers the questions like why it happened, how it happened, etc. It is a way for us to learn and comprehend things based on some validated data and statistics. It helps us obtaining facts by conducting researches and studies, following verified and defined data.

Religion is a belief that tends people to depend their lives on some higher authority, like diety or gods. There is no proof of their existence, which makes it a highly conflicting topic. There are a lot of people who are highly devoted to religious beliefs. Religious beliefs cannot be proven scientifically, hence these aspects are kept different from each other.

Comparison Table between Science and Religion   

Parameters of Comparison Science Religion
Definition Science is a practice of observing, calculating, and evaluating the working of our surroundings with suitable explanations.Religion includes faith in some higher spiritual and heavenly entity that people worship.
Existence Science provides explanations and evidence of its existence.Religion works only on belief in god.
UseScience works in the development of technology and making things easier for people. Religion gives people hope and motivation.
Effects if misused Abuse of science may lead to the destruction of development, just as the manufacture of weapons can lead to wars.The misuse of religious rites can lead to superstitious beliefs in people’s minds.
People who followScientists work in the field of science conducting various experiments and providing us with verified knowledge.The people who believe in God are called theists.

What is Science?                                                                           

Nature’s workings may be understood by anybody, by sensing what’s ‘right’ or ‘this is how it is supposed to work’.  However, for scientists, who study science and its working deeply, this may not be sufficient. A scientist observes, conducts researches, collects verified data, tries to prove the working with evidence, and provides us with real knowledge of things around us.

Science is the way of explaining theories with proof. It gives a rather logical explanation and answers the questions like why it happened, how it happened, etc. It is a way for us to learn and comprehend things based on some validated data and statistics. It helps us obtaining facts by conducting researches and studies, following verified and defined data.

It starts from observing something, and then curiosity about how it works.  Science is no longer only a term in the western age; it has a part throughout every facet of life. It is the reason why humans have made so much advancement with time. Science provides the base of everything, which helps scientists modify and make progress according to our comfort.

 Science has made many things easier and convenient for humanity. We utilize it in our everyday lives, even though we may not be aware of its application.

What is Religion?

The trust in a spiritual being or god by people is referred to as religion. It is believed that the creation of the world was done by heavenly and spiritual power, also referred to as god or the deity. Individuals hold a variety of opinions. Several distinct religions occur in the context of this idea.

Religion is a belief that tends people to depend their lives on some higher authority, like diety or gods. There is no proof of their existence, which makes it a highly conflicting topic. There are a lot of people who are highly devoted to religious beliefs. Religious beliefs cannot be proven scientifically, hence these aspects are kept different from each other.

Different religions and have their own different cultures and rituals. By performing those, people worship the spiritual energy and express their gratitude to god. It depends on people, which religion they want to follow or believe in. People who do not believe in god are known as an atheist.

There are various places like temples, churches, and mosques where people can worship honor their deity. Some faiths include customs and practices that are frequently seen as irrational. Many faiths continue to ignore the need of elevating a woman’s dignity.

Main Differences Between Science and Religion               

  1. Science is a practice of observing, calculating and evaluating the working of our surroundings with suitable explanation whereas religion includes a faith in some higher spiritual and heavenly entity that people worship.
  2. Science provides with evidence of its existence whereas religion works only on belief in god.
  3. Science works in development of technology and making things easier for people whereas religion gives people hope and motivation.
  4.  Abuse of science may lead to the destruction of development, just as the manufacture of weapons can lead to wars, and the misuse of religious rites can lead to superstitious beliefs in people’s minds.
  5. Scientists work in the field of science conducting various experiments and providing us with verified knowledge, whereas the people who believe in god are called theist.

Conclusion                                                                     

There have been conflicts about the dominance of science and religion over time. Science is the way of explaining theories with proof. The existence of religion also cannot be scientifically proven, as there is no evidence of any spiritual entity existing. It’s just based on people’s beliefs. Science only believes in observations and evidence.

Nature’s workings may be understood by anybody, by sensing what’s ‘right’ or ‘this is how it is supposed to work’.  However, for scientists, who study science and its working deeply, this may not be sufficient. A scientist observes, conducts researches, collects verified data, tries to prove the working with evidence, and provides us with real knowledge of things around us.

Religion is a belief that tends people to depend their lives on some higher authority, like diety or gods. There is no proof of their existence, which makes it a highly conflicting topic. There are a lot of people who are highly devoted to religious beliefs. Religious beliefs cannot be proven scientifically, hence these aspects are kept different from each other.

Science and religion are compatible and should be kept going side by side.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042814068220
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11229-009-9547-3

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