Difference Between Squash and Gourd

Squash seeds are sown to the ground after the last frost. Gourd seeds are first kept indoors for about one month before plantation. Squash is used in soups, casseroles, etc and gourds are used for decoration. Examples of squash are- butternut, crookneck, etc, and guards are- are- wax gourd, snake gourd, etc.

Squash vs Gourd

The main difference between Squash and Gourd is that Squash plants do pollinate during the daytime and are bright orange whereas in Gourd some plants are pollinated at day producing yellow and orange flowers and at night produce white flowers. The best seasons for squash plantations are summer and winter and for gourd summer and monsoon.

Squash vs Gourd

The basic requirements of squash are- it needs a lot of sunlight and warm weather. The temperature should be 18-25 degrees Celsius. It requires rich manure with a pH range of 6.5-7.5. Seeds germinate in 5-10 days relying on the soil temperature and the soil should be well-drained. 

The basic requirements of the gourd are- plenty of water for growth and abundant moisture throughout all time. The main nutrients required are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. These are annual vines and can climb up to 15 feet. Its growing period is quite large. After 10 weeks vines begin to produce flowers.

Comparison Table Between Squash and Gourd

Parameters of ComparisonSquashGourd
Time To Mature Time taken to mature a winter squash is around 80-100 days whereas for the summer it is 45-60 days.The time period for gourd plants to mature is quite long, around 100-180 days.
Suitable SoilIt grows well in sandy loamy soil with good drainage and a pH range of 6.5-7.5.It grows best in sandy, fertile soil with a pH of 6.0-6.5
OriginThey originated 5000 years ago from South America.These are believed to have originated from Africa.
IdentificationSquash are generally identified by their orange color and bell shape.Gourds are found in many colors but are generally long, thin, and stripped.
Essential NutrientsIt is rich in Vitamin A, B6, and C, riboflavinIt is rich in proteins, carbohydrates, Vitamin A, C, magnesium.

What is Squash?

Squash is a type of vegetable. Its botanical name is Cucurbita. They are of two types- winter and summer squash. Summer squashes are referred to as they produce food that is prepared for harvest and intake at some point of the nice and cozy summertime season months.

They include crookneck varieties, zucchinis, and scallop squash. They are large bushes with at least 3 feet distance between two plants. Most of these are harvested in about 50-70 days after planting. Winter squash is referred to due to the fact that the fruit of that vegetation is regularly no longer prepared till the cease of the summer season will shop thoroughly so that they may be eaten in winter. This includes acorn squash, butternut squash, spaghetti squash, and pumpkins. These squashes are generally large vining vegetation and can grow up to 10 feet long, that’s they are planted 6 feet away from each other. Comparatively,

summer squash produces fruits earlier than winter squash and also in more quantity. The entire can be made to use as it has dual purposes- the internal part can be served as preservable meals and can be eaten at some stage during winter and the external part can be used as utensils for serving or storing food items.

What is Gourd?

This is also a type of vegetable which is peeled and is used to make a variety of recipes. In India, it is commonly known as ‘Lauki’ and people use it to make different food items like kofta, halwa, kheer, juice, etc. Its botanical name is Lagenaria siceraria.

Some gourds are non-edible and are used for decoration. On the basis of it there are different types of gourds: Ornamental gourds-  In America, those gourds are available in many uncommon shapes and textures like smooth, warty, plain, ridged so people use them for decoration. Bottle gourds- As the name suggests, these types of gourds are used as containers to store water and also used by birds to make their houses. because of their hard-shelled structure. It is the best source of income for farmers as they are sold in huge quantities and is available in almost all seasons.

It is a rich source of all fibers and has many benefits as it helps in proper digestion, keeps cholesterol levels balanced, boosts immunity, and improves blood circulation. Under ideal conditions, the vines of the gourd plant can grow 40’ long.

Main Differences Between Squash and Gourd

  1. Most squashes are cultivated for consumption while most gourds are grown for decorative purposes. 
  2. Squash involves 8 stages which are- seed, gemination, young seedlings, older vine, flowering, squash bearing, harvesting, drying whereas in gourd 6 steps are involved which are- soil preparation, field preparation, seed, flowering, fruit, harvest.
  3. Squash seeds may be sown into the floor at once in multiple weeks after the closing frosts. Gourd seeds want to begin out interior approximately a month earlier than planting time.
  4. Squashes are known for their culinary uses whereas gourds are not edible, have decorative uses
  5. Squash requires less water in comparison to gourds.

Conclusion

After knowing the differences between squash and gourd, let’s see some similarities between both of them and some interesting facts about them. They both belong to the Cucurbitaceae family. Both of these are sprawling plants that have long vines and large leaves. Squash is one of the oldest crops. In Latin America, squashes are eaten in the form of candies. Each part of squash is edible whether it is a leaf, flowers, seeds, etc. Florida is the largest squash-generating state, accompanied by the means of New York, California, and North Carolina. The world’s biggest importer of squash is the United States. Moving onto Gourds. They act as medicine to get relief from allergies and treat fungal infections. There are masses of species of gourds, with results ranging in length from marble to 7’ long.

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00438-015-1132-5.pdf
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10722-003-6018-4
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