Difference Between American Ginseng and Korean Ginseng

Ginseng is a medical herb with thick roots that grow slowly and come in 11 distinct forms. It has the potential to improve and restore well-being. It’s available as tea, raw dried herbs, powder, or pills as a nutritional supplement. American ginseng and Korean ginseng are the two varieties of the herb.

American Ginseng vs Korean Ginseng

The main difference between American ginseng and Korean ginseng is that American ginseng provides a cooling tendency and is used during warmer climates. While Korean ginseng is warmer, it is better suited to colder climates. American ginseng is abundant in the Rb1 group of ginsenosides, whereas Korean ginseng is abundant in the Rg1 group of ginsenosides.

American Ginseng vs. Korean Ginseng

Panax quinquefolius is the scientific name for American ginseng. It boosts ‘yin’ energy and is recommended to calm the body down while suffering from a fever or stuck in a hot place. American ginseng is also known to help in the management of depression and to enhance the immune system.

Panax ginseng is the scientific name for Korean ginseng. Korean ginseng is thought to improve the body’s ‘yang’ vitality. It helps to revitalise the body’s natural warmth while also increasing blood circulation. Korean ginseng has the ability to enhance cognitive processes including learning, conduct, and temperament.

Comparison Table Between American Ginseng and Korean Ginseng

Parameters of ComparisonAmerican GinsengKorean Ginseng
DefinitionAmerican Ginseng is a medicinal herb used to boost ‘yin’ energy.Korean Ginseng is a medicinal herb used to boost ‘yang’ energy.
OriginThe United States and CanadaKorea and North-Eastern China
SuitabilityIt is suitable for hot weatherIt is suitable for cold weather
EfficiencyWeaker ginseng, due to lower ginsenoside contentTrue ginseng, because it contains more ginsenosides.
Use / BenefitDecrease the effects of warfarin, depression, insomnia, and diabetes, and boosts the immune system.It improves stamina, reduced blood sugar and cholesterol levels, relieves stress, promotes relaxation, controls male sexual dysfunction, and cure diabetes.
Consumption Duration3-4 months, twice a dayUp to 6 months only

What is American Ginseng?

American ginseng is a perennial herb. It belongs to the ivy group that is used mostly in traditional medicine, especially traditional Chinese medicine. It’s a native of eastern North America, but it’s also cultivated in China.

Native Americans employed the plant’s roots and leaves in traditional medicine. Since the eighteenth century, “sang hunters” have gathered and traded the roots with Chinese or Hong Kong businesses, who would pay astronomical prices for particularly old wild roots.

It is well known to assist with stress, immunological health, getting over a cold faster, and protecting against some forms of cancer. It is also used as a stimulant in order to improve heart and brain health.

American ginseng is used to heal reduced iron levels in the blood, diabetes, insulin resistance caused by HIV therapies, cancer-related tiredness, hypertension, insomnia, erectile dysfunction, flu, hangover symptoms, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, blood and bleeding disorders, breast cancer, drowsiness, headaches, fibromyalgia, artery hardening, and many other conditions.

It is suited for adults in their twenties and thirties. When taken in moderation, American ginseng is most likely harmless. Doses ranging from 100 to 3000 mg per day have been administered safely for up to 12 weeks.

What is Korean Ginseng?

Korean ginseng is also known as Asian ginseng and Panax ginseng. It is native to Asia and Russia and is produced mostly for medical use. It is cultivated in the chilly, temperate regions of North-East China and the Korean peninsula. Around 2000 years ago, it was first employed in Chinese medicine and is today one of the world’s most frequently cultivated herbs.

The root is the most medicinally significant part of the plant. It’s since the majority of the key components and ‘active’ compounds are situated here. Its effects have been shown to reduce angina and discomfort, help diabetics with blood sugar management, ease sexual dysfunction, promote strength and stamina, improve the capacity to cope with stress, and boost physical endurance.

The colour diversity in Korean ginseng roots is induced by the method in which the ginseng is prepared. Sun-dried ginseng is known as ‘White’ ginseng, whereas, ‘Red’ ginseng is steam cooked at 100–110 °C for 2–3 hours. This treatment destroys any infections that may be present on the plant’s roots. The disadvantage is that it destroys some of the active components located in the bark’s outer layers.

It is mostly recommended for the elderly only on a short-term basis.

Main Difference Between American Ginseng and Korean Ginseng

  • American ginseng has a great cooling tendency and is excellent for warm weather. However, considering that Korean ginseng is warmer, it is more suitable for cool weather.
  • While American ginseng is supposed to be more soothing and calming, Korean ginseng is said to be more revitalising and energising.
  • American ginseng is said to improve “yin” vitality, whereas Korean ginseng boosts “yang” vitality.
  • When it comes to the Rb1 group of ginsenosides, American ginseng takes the lead, but Korean ginseng takes the lead in the Rg1 group.
  • American ginseng has a minor ‘qi’ raising effect, while Korean ginseng has a stronger influence.

Conclusion

American and Korean ginseng are both available in capsule and powdered form at any pharmacy store. On the market, direct roots are also accessible.

Ginseng has excellent anti-inflammatory properties. Ginsenosides, the key ingredient in ginseng, target the immune system pathways that reduce inflammation. People who are undergoing cancer treatment can see Ginseng’s energy-boosting advantages.

However, it comes with some drawbacks. Women who use ginseng on a regular basis may have menstrual abnormalities. Ginseng is not suggested for youngsters, pregnant or breastfeeding mothers. Ginseng causes some allergic reactions too. Consult with your doctor before including any dietary supplements in your health regimen.

Although these natural alternatives are safe, they may interfere with prescription medications. For example, taking blood sugar medicine and then adding Korean or American ginseng to the routine may result in too low a blood sugar level. Both types of ginseng have estrogenic properties and should be avoided during hormone-related cancers such as breast cancer.

References

  1. https://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S0192415X14500128
  2. https://journals.ashs.org/horttech/view/journals/horttech/5/1/article-p27.xml
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