Difference Between Swamp and Bog

A swamp is a wetland that has permanent watery and saturated soil. Swamps are the transition zones created by water and land. They vary in size, presence of water, presence of soil, etc., and are found in the entire world.

A wetland that is formed by peat, mosses, dead plants, majorly sphagnum moss is called a bog. A bog is also known as mire, mosses, quagmire, fens, Muskegon, etc.

Comparison Table Between Swamp and Bog

Parameters of ComparisonSwampBog
Definition A wetland that has permanently saturated soil filled with water is called a swamp.A wetland formed by peat, mosses, dead plants, majorly sphagnum moss is called a bog.
SubtypesFreshwater swamps, Saltwater swampsValley bogs, Raised bogs, Coastal bogs, Plateau bogs, Upland bogs, Kermi bogs, String bogs, Palsa bogs, Polygonal bogs, Blanket bogs, Quaking bogs, Contract bogs, Utrophic bogs, Mesotrophic bogs, Oligotophic bogs.
UsesPurification of water, absorption of surplus water while floods, anchor soil, and sand near coastal areas.Usage of sphagnum bogs for hunting and ecotourism, manufacture of furniture by bog oak, harvesting of cranberries, blueberries, cloudberries, huckleberries, lingonberries.
Also known asNo other word.Mire, mosses, quagmire, fans.
ExamplesOkefenokee swamp, Barley Barber swamp, Great Cypress swamp, Great Dismal Swamp, Atchafalaya basin, Vasyugan swamp, Bangweulu swamp, Okwango swamp, Asmat swamp, Candaba swamp, Mangrove swamp, Myristica swamp, Coomonderry swamp, Congaree swamp, Great Black swamp, Green swamp, Honey Island swamp, Louisiana swamplands.Kakerdaja bog, Kuresoo bog, Niitvälja bog, Nigula bog, Ballynahone bog, Crymlyn bog, Matley bog, Max bog, Moseley bog, Yanal bog, Alfred bog, Burns bog, Glacier Park bog, McLean bogs, Minden bog, Pinhook bog, Rhine Center bog, Spruce Hole bog, Tannersville Cranberry bog, Strangmoor bog, Sifton bog, Volo bog, Zurich bog.

What is Swamp?

A wetland that has permanently saturated soil filled with water is called a swamp. Swamps play an important role in biodiversity. They are such a segment of the ecosystem that has numerous uses.

Swamps are of two types namely 1. Freshwater swamps and 2. Saltwater swamps. The swamps that are created near rivers and lakes are called freshwater swamps.

Flowing water and saturated soil are the characteristic features of swamps. Sources responsible for the presence of water in swamps include rivers, lakes or floods, etc. Water filtration is done by swamps in large quantities.

There are various swamps in different parts of the world. The Bangweulu Floodplains is considered the largest swamp in Africa. 

Other significant examples of swamps include Atchafalaya swamp, Okefenokee swamp, Barley Barber swamp, Asmat swamp, Myristica swamp, Congaree swamp, Great Black swamp, Great Cypress swamp, Great Dismal Swamp, Green swamp, Honey Island swamp, Vasyugan swamp, Mangrove swamp, etc.

What is Bog?

A wetland that is formed by peat, mosses, dead plants, majorly sphagnum moss is called a bog. Bogs play an important role in the ecosystem. Bogs have several uses and properties.

The Occurrence of bogs is because of the presence of acidic and low nutrient water at the ground surface. Several animals, fungal, and plant species reside in bogs. They are mostly found in cold and boreal ecosystems.

Several examples of bogs include Viru bog, Puhatu bog, Boora bog, Clara bog, Raheenmore bog, Cloncrow bog, Milltownpass bog, etc.

Varieties of bogs are Valley bogs, Raised bogs, Coastal bogs, Plateau bogs, Upland bogs, Kermi bogs, String bogs, Palsa bogs, Polygonal bogs, Blanket bogs, Quaking bogs, Utrophic bogs, Mesotrophic bogs, Oligotophic bogs.

The sans oxygen environment where tannins are present in bogs is suitable for storing a large number of organic compounds.

Main Differences Between Swamp and Bog

  1. The formation of swamps is generally because of water collected by rivers or lakes on the other hand either colonization of land by aquatic life or increase of microbial activity is responsible for the formation of bogs.
  2. The uses and applications of swamps include Purification of water, absorption of surplus water while floods, anchor soil, and sand near coastal areas on the other hand uses of bogs include the manufacture of furniture by bog oak, carbon storage, mitigate climate changes, freshwater storage, etc.
Difference Between Swamp and Bog

Conclusion

Both swamps and bogs are part of the ecosystem and do their bit in thriving the environment. They have many applications and uses which have proven to be quite helpful to mankind and also in preserving nature.

Nature finds its ways to purify and create a balance by the means of its various resources. We as humans sometimes try to vandalize those resources.

References

  1. https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rstb.1984.0002
  2. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/BF02957048.pdf
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