Difference Between Texturizer and Relaxer

One of the characteristics that are found in mammals is hair. Hair is the protein that is found in the dermis. Hair consists of alpha keratin. Every hair is divided into three parts medulla, cortex, and Curtis. Hair is so important for human beings that it almost grows everywhere except for the glabrous skin and the mucus membrane.

Hair also undergoes a cycle that determines the length. Each of these stages occurs simultaneously. Stages include anagen, catagen, and telogen phases. Different textures of hair can be found. Three factors determine its volume, consistency, and curl pattern. Texturizer and Relaxer both are chemical treatment that is used to remove or treat curly or kinky hair.

Texturizer vs Relaxer

The main difference between Texturizer and Relaxer is that Texturizer is used for temporarily curling the hair. It doesn’t straighten the hair completely. Only natural curls are loosened to make it straight. Whereas the relaxer is the permanent option to straighten the hair. It is used to completely straighten the coiled, tightly coiled hair. Texturizer causes less damage to the hair. While Relaxer causes more damage to the hair. Texturizer is applied on various sections of the head., while Relaxer is applied only on the root of the hair.

Texturizer and

Texturizer is a chemical process that is used to alter the structure of the hair. It is very similar to Relaxer. It helps to make the natural curls loosen so that it becomes straight. The process of using Texturizer is very simple and easy to manage as it gives a nice curl pattern. Texturizer helps to retain some of the natural kinks and curls. So if a person wants to keep both curly and straight hair or managing curls can sometimes be difficult. Then Texturizer can be used. It adds softness and sheen to the hair. 

Relaxer is a chemical treatment that is used o straighten the hair. It is a permanent solution. It is a cream or lotion that is applied to the roots of the hair. It is very easy to manage the hair with the relaxer as it straightens the coiled and very tightly coiled hair. Relaxer chemically alters the texture of the hair. But depending upon the different hair types. Relaxer is left on the hair for 15 to 30 minutes. If anyone wants to permanently change the hairstyle, i.e., from curls to straight. Then a relaxer can be a good option.

Comparison Table Between Texturizer and Relaxer

Parameters of ComparisonTexturizerRelaxer
TypeKenra Platinum Texturizing Taffy, Garnier Fructis Style Texture Tease Dry Touch Finishing Spray,  Living Proof Texture Volumizer, Luster’s S Curl Texturizer, etcThio relaxers, “no lye” relaxers, Alkaline and lye relaxers.
Time5-10 minutes15-30 minutes
EffectKeep natural curl pattern in a loose form.Dryness, Breakage, or harsh damage.
AppliedVarious sections of the head.The root of the hair.
DamageLess DamagingMore Damaging

What is Texturizer?

Texturizer is applied to the hair as a chemical treatment. The main aim of the hair texturizer is to de-frizz curly hair. It can be seen as a temporary solution. It does not straighten the hair completely. It only loosens the natural curls of the hair. Texturizer is the lighter version of the Relaxer. Texturizer makes the hair soft and helps in loosening the curl of the hair. Hairstylist often uses this technique for people who wants to manage the curls of their hair. It can be called a Special relaxing technique that gives gentle hair.

The hairstylist applies the texturizer to the various sections of the hair. Texturizer is left on the hair for 5 to 10 minutes. A mild or regular relaxer is called Texturizer. When it is applied to the hair, then it is left on the hair so that it can be set. Then it can be rinsed. Texturizer should not be applied for more than 10 minutes. Otherwise, the hair would get straightened. There is a very less damaging effect of the Texturizer.

Various types of texturizers can be found in the market. Like Kenra Platinum Texturizing Taffy, Luster’s S Curl Texturizer, Davines This Is A Dry Texturizer Spray, Garnier Fructis Style Texture Tease Dry Touch Finishing Spray, Living Proof Texture Volumizer, Organics Texture My Way Texturizing & Softening System, etc. It is less harsh than Relaxer.

What is Relaxer?

Relaxer, as the name suggests, relaxes the hair by applying it to the roots. Relaxer consists of a strong alkali that acts as an active agent. It also contains formulations like ammonium thioglycolate or formaldehyde. Relaxer was first used in the year 1909. Relaxer was found accidentally by Garrett Augustus Morgan when he was trying to find a solution so that his sewing machine could work effortlessly. Then he tested on the dog’s fur. After it became successful, he opened the company by the name G.A. Morgan Hair Refining Company. He sold his hair straightener products to mostly mixed or black people.

The process of hair relaxing can be done by any professional, whether it be a professional barber or a professional cosmetologist. Now hair relaxer kits are also available. A hair relaxer is usually applied to the shaft of the hair. Then it is left till the time it alters the texture of the hair by a controlled damage structure. Using a relaxer continuously can cause bad effects like brittleness, breakage, or even widespread alopecia.

After the relaxer has worked, the hair is rinsed. Shampoo suitable to the type of hair is applied to neutralize the effect. Conditioner can also be used to remove all the natural oil. Types of relaxers include Down perm, no-lye relaxer, alkaline relaxer, lye relaxers, etc. Commercially, sales spiked from the year the 1990s.

Main Differences Between Texturizer and Relaxer

  1. Types of Texturizer include Kenra Platinum Texturizing Taffy, Garnier Fructis Style Texture Tease Dry Touch Finishing Spray, Living Proof Texture Volumizer, Luster’s S Curl Texturizer, etc. Types of Relaxers include Thio relaxers, “no lye” relaxers, Down Perm, Alkaline and lye relaxers.
  2. The time required for texturizer on the hair is 5 to 10 minutes. The time required for a relaxer on the hair is 15 to 30 minutes. 
  3. The effect of texturizer is that it keeps the natural curl pattern in a loose form. Effects of relaxers include brittleness, dryness, harsh damage, or breakage.
  4. Texturizer is applied to various sections of the head. Relaxer is applied on the hair shaft and root of the hair.
  5. Texturizer causes less damage to the hair. Relaxation causes more damage to the hair.

Conclusion

Both texturizers and Relaxer have different properties. Although both are the chemical treatment of the hair. Texturizer is the lighter type of Relaxer. If a person wants to switch their hairstyle, a texturizer is a good option. Because it is easy to straighten curly or wavy hair. Texturizer is preferred by many people because it gives a lot of options.

While with Relaxer, very few options of hairstyle are available. Texturization takes less time. It is very easy to manage, even if there is a humid climate. Balance can be maintained between curls and straight hair. Relaxers are considered best by hairstylists on Z-shaped and S-shaped hair. It completely depends upon the individual which treatment should be used according to the damage.

References

  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26505328
  2. https://cdn.mdedge.com/files/s3fs-public/issues/articles/Vol28_i2_Hair_Loss.pdf
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