Difference Between Tiger and Leopard

Tiger and Leopard are both majestic cats belonging to the same family and genus Panthera. These big cats rank among the top predators in the Food Chain and their roar definitely imprints on one.

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Tiger vs Leopard

The difference between a tiger and a leopard is their salient stripes and dots. The tiger has prominent black stripes on an orange skin whereas the leopard is distinguished for its vibrant black dots on golden or light brown fur.

Tiger vs Leopard

Another key difference between the two is that tigers are significantly stronger with a weight of around 300kgs than leopards who on the contrary weigh only 90kgs. The tiger is also the biggest among the wild cats whereas leopard is the smallest among them.

 Tigers further can be classified into 6 subtypes and are mostly found in the East and Southern Asia whereas leopards have 7 subtypes and are mostly concentrated in the sub-Saharan area and Southern Asia.

Another crucial difference between the two is that a leopard can climb trees and can be often seen relaxing or preying from the tree tops while tigers can be found mostly on the ground.


 

Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonTigerLeopard
Design on furBlack stripesBlack dots
Fur colorStripes on Orange backgroundDots on light brown or golden background
Geographical locationEast and Southern Asiasub-Saharan area and Southern Asia
StrengthStronger than leopardsLess strong than the tiger
Sizebiggest among the wild catssmallest among the wild cats

 

What is a Tiger?

Tigers are the biggest wild cat among the four big cats lion, leopard, tiger and jaguar. They belong to the genus Panthera and the feline family.

 Tigers are further classified into 6 species and these big cats weigh about 300 kilos. They are apex predators and are primarily carnivores that feed on deers and wild boars.

Tigers were announced a endangered species and their population is confined to the East and Southern Asia, India being the host to the largest number. They are also listed among the most iconic and fascinating Charismatic Megafauna.

A tiger is 6 feet in length and 9 feet including the tail. This majestic animal no doubt has been heavily intertwined with mystical mythology and Indian folklore.

Tigers are territorial and leaves their parents shadow after 2 years of rearing in search of their own dominance. However, today tigers are at the brink of extinction mainly due to human activities such as hunting and poaching along with deforestation.

tiger
 

What is a Leopard?

Leopards also belong to the genus Panthera along with other big cats lions, tigers and jaguar. They are bigger than a pet cat but the smallest among the four wild cats.

They are known for their striking looks carved out of vibrant black dots on golden or light brown skin. However, they are most feared for their sly and ferocious hunting techniques and speed.

A leopard leaves their parents when 12 to 18 months and by 2 to 3 years they start rearing their own offsprings.

Leopards are considered to be a mix breed of lion and panther and thus the name Leopard from “Leon” and “Pardus” combined. They weigh only 90kgs but are 6.25 feet in length and 10.75 when measured with its tail.

They are however very adaptable and are found in both rainforest as well as deserts.

According to International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), they are found in sub-Saharan Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, southwestern and eastern Turkey, Himalayan foothills and the entire Southern Asia.

Leopards are further subdivided into seven genres. They are ambush predators that can climb trees and their dotted fur helps them even more to camouflage. They are independent creatures and depend only for mating or rearing.

leopard

Main Differences Between Tiger and Leopard

  1. The main difference between a tiger and a leopard is that the tiger has prominent black stripes whereas the leopard is distinguished for its vibrant black dots.
  2. Another crucial difference between the two is that a leopard can climb trees and their dotted fur easily camouflages in the trees while tigers can be found preying or relaxing mostly on the ground.
  3. Tigers are the biggest wild cat among the four big cats lion, leopard, tiger and jaguar whereas leopards are the smallest among them.
  4. Another difference between a tiger and leopard is that a tiger is 6 feet in length and 9 feet including the tail whereas leopards are 6.25 feet in length and 10.75 when measured with its tail.
  5. A tiger weight about 300 kilos whereas a leopard typically weighs about 90 kilos. The tigers are also stronger than leopards.
Difference Between Tiger and Leopard

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320708004503
  2. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s13364-011-0038-9.pdf
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