Difference Between Tomatillo and Cape Gooseberry (With Table)

Tomatillo and Cape Gooseberry originate from the same plant species. They share a common genus. Cape Gooseberry is commonly known as ground cherry, and Tomatillo is commonly known as a husk tomato. Cape Gooseberry has a scientific name which is Physalis peruviana, and the scientific name for Tomatillo is Physalis ixocarpa. Tomatillo is a common ingredient in Mexican cooking.

Tomatillo vs Cape Gooseberry

The difference between Tomatillo and Cape Gooseberry is Tomatillo is a husk tomato, but Cape Gooseberry is ground cherry. Tomatillo is never eaten raw, but Cape Gooseberry is eaten raw. Tomatillo is harvested as soon as they turn green in color, but Cape Gooseberry can be harvested as it fully ripens.

Tomatillo is a husk tomato. It is harvested when it turns green in color. It turns yellow-green or purple when it fully ripens. It is used in many foods, such as salsas and gazpacho. It is very commonly used in Mexican dishes. It grows like a plant. It grows till three to four feet in height.

Cape Gooseberry is a ground cherry. It grows on a plant that grows till two to three feet in height. It is harvested when it is fully ripe. It turns to gold or pale orange when it ripens. The scientific name for the plant is Physalis peruviana. It is eaten raw. It is extremely used in salads.

Comparison Table Between Tomatillo and Cape Gooseberry

Parameters of ComparisonTomatilloCape Gooseberry
Other NameHusk TomatoGround Cherry
Scientific NamePhysalis ixocarpaPhysalis Peruviana
Height3 to 4 feet2 to 3 feet
Ripen colorYellow-green, purplegold, pale-orange
Harvest TimeTurns greenFull-grown
UsageSalsa, gazpachosalads

What is Tomatillo?

Tomatillo is used in Mexican dishes. It is also known as a husk tomato. It is spherical. This is a common ingredient used in Mexican dishes. It is eaten raw or cooked. It is added to several dishes. It is part of the staple diet in Mexico. It was first cultivated in Mexico.

These plants can be found anywhere in America. They were important than tomatoes. They were a big part of various cultures like Maya and Aztecs. The scientific name of Tomatillo is Physalis, ixocarpa, which was given back in the eighteenth century. Tomatillo is also known as Mexican green tomato or miltomate.

Tomatillo mostly grows in Hidalgo and Morelos, which is situated in Mexico. It is also found in Guatemala, where Tomatillo is called miltomate. Then it spread to the Bahamas, Florida, and Jamaica. The exportation of the Tomatillo started in the twentieth century. It was exported to Australia, South Africa, Kenya, and India.

Tomatillo is grown in large spaces, especially in the outdoor fields. They are grown as a home-grown garden plant. There are smaller crops of Tomatillo in the United States. These plants are planted in different altitudes. The most common way of growing Tomatillo is by transplanting. Transplants are grown in greenhouses or as beds. Transplants are hardened in the greenhouses so that they can be planted in the outdoors.

What is Cape Gooseberry?

Cape Gooseberry is also known as goldenberry. It is found in South America. It is grown in Peru, Colombia, and Ecuador. They are called Uchuva and Poha in these places. Back in times, it was grown in England and South Africa. The cultivation of the Cape gooseberry was first done in Inca.

During the eighteenth century, the cultivation of the Cape Gooseberry was done in England. During the nineteenth century, cultivation was started in South Africa. It became very popular in the twentieth century, due to which it spread across the world. They were grown in Tropical regions and temperate regions.

The scientific name is Physalis peruviana. This name was given by Carl Linnaeus in 1763. The name cape points out to the calyx which surrounds the fruit-like cape. This is a false etymology. Then the Cape Gooseberry was introduced in New Zealand, Pacific Islands, and Australia. The spread of the Cape Gooseberry spread to different locations with different names.

People in Peru call it Aguaymanto, and People in Quechua call it Topotopo. Manipuri people call it Ningol Hei. It has some close resemblance to Tomatillo. It is annual in temperate locations. There is a calyx that encloses the berry. The calyx protects the berry inside, and while eating the Cape Gooseberry, the calyx is inedible.

Main Differences Between Tomatillo and Cape Gooseberry

  1. Tomatillo is also known as a husk tomato, but Cape gooseberry is also known as ground cherry.
  2. The scientific name for Tomatillo is Physalis, ixocarpa but the scientific name for Cape Gooseberry is Physalis peruviana.
  3. Tomatillo grows up to 3 to 4 feet, but Cape Gooseberry grows up to 2 to 3 feet.
  4. Tomatillo turns yellow-green or purple when it ripens, but Cape gooseberry turns to gold or pale orange when it ripens.
  5. Tomatillo is harvested when it turns green, but Cape gooseberry can be harvested when it fully ripens.
  6. Tomatillo is used in salsas, gazpacho but Cape Gooseberry is used as raw in salads.

Conclusion

Tomatillo and Cape Gooseberry share the same genus. Tomatillo being a part of the staple diet of Mexico. Tomatillo is never eaten raw, but Cape Gooseberry is eaten raw. Tomatillo is also known as a husk tomato. It is also found in Guatemala, where Tomatillo is called miltomate.

Tomatillo spread to the Bahamas, Florida, and Jamaica. The scientific name of Tomatillo is Physalis ixocarpa. They are grown as a home-grown garden plant. Transplants are grown in greenhouses or as beds. Tomatillo is harvested when it turns green. It is spherical. Tomatillo grows up to 3 to 4 feet in height. Tomatillo are used in salsas, gazpacho.

There is a calyx that encloses the berry. The calyx protects the berry inside, and while eating the Cape Gooseberry, the calyx is inedible. Cape gooseberry turns to gold or pale orange when it ripens. The name cape points out to the calyx which surrounds the fruit-like cape. This is a false etymology.

It has some close resemblance to Tomatillo. It is annual in temperate locations. Cape gooseberry is also known as ground cherry. Cape Gooseberry grows up to 2 to 3 feet. The scientific name is Physalis peruviana. This name was given by Carl Linnaeus in 1763. The cultivation of the Cape Gooseberry was done in England.

References

  1. https://journals.ashs.org/hortsci/view/journals/hortsci/40/5/article-p1312.xml
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781845697341500170
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