Difference Between Tomatillo and Tomato Nutrition (With Table)

 Tomatillo and tomato both belong to the Solanaceae or nightshade family of fruits and vegetables. Even though they are fruits, according to Botany, they are prepared and consumed as vegetables most of the time. Even though they are from the same family, they are not the same.

Tomatillo vs Tomato Nutrition

The difference between tomatillo and tomato nutrition is that tomatillo contains more calories than tomato, and it also has more fat and protein than tomato. Tomato, on the other hand, has more calcium and a vital antioxidant named lycopene. Tomatillo takes care of the digestion while tomato saves us from different cancer.

Tomatillo is a great source of nutrients. It has fewer calories and more protein. The goodness of nutrition is filled in it. It is rich in vitamin A and thus improves vision. It also prevents high blood pressure issues by controlling the blood pressure.

Tomato had its origin in South America, and its tangy taste immediately made it one of the most popular vegetables despite it being a fruit. It is loaded with lycopene, an antioxidant that plays an important role to prevent some kinds of cancer.

Comparison Table Between Tomatillo and Tomato Nutrition

Parameters of ComparisonTomatillo NutritionTomato Nutrition
Origin It was originated in Mexico, and the Aztecs cultivated this fruit, but it is consumed and prepared like a vegetable.Tomato is native of South America.
CaloriesIt is low in calories, but it contains more calories, fat, and protein than tomatoes. Tomatoes contain fewer calories, protein and fat than tomatillos.
MineralsThis fruit has more minerals than tomatoes. It is a good source of minerals like copper, phosphorous, manganese, iron, and others.Comparatively, its level of minerals is lower than a tomatillo.
LycopeneEven though tomatillo does not contain lycopene, it is rich in other kinds of antioxidants.Tomatoes contain lycopene which is an essential antioxidant that comes with many health benefits.
BenefitsTomatillos eliminate toxins from the body and help improve digestion. It also boosts vision and decreases the risk of high blood pressure.Tomato is enriched with lycopene that decreases heart disease chances, and prevents certain types of cancer.

What is Tomatillo Nutrition?

Tomatillo is a fruit, specifically a berry. It means “ little tomato” in Spanish. It belongs to the nightshade family and even closer to ground cherries. Tomatillos has colours and shapes. It is available in yellow, green, and even purple. Firm and green and tomatillos should be consumed; otherwise, extensively riped tomatillos lose their flavour and turn bland.

It is low in calories. One tomatillo contains approximately 5mg calcium, 0.41mg iron, 177mg potassium, 7.7mg vitamin C and 5.5mg vitamin A. It prevents vision loss and also improves the health of the eyes. Even though it contains many antioxidants, it lacks one important antioxidant, which is called lycopene.

Tomatillo regulates blood pressure as it is low in sodium and rich in potassium. It is a low-calorie food with water, so it is ideal for weight loss dietary. Both Ayurvedic and Western medicine acknowledges the health benefits of tomatillos.

What is Tomato Nutrition?

Tomato is filled with vitamins like vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin K. It has folate, potassium and folate in abundance. This folate helps to balance homocysteine levels in the body and thus prevents heart attacks and strokes. And potassium decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease and lowers the production of kidney stones.

It is 95% water, and it is a great source to consume minerals and antioxidants. It is a major source of the antioxidant lycopene, which reduces the risk of heart disease, diabetes and cancer. Not only health but this fruit is also useful for skin health, it saves from sunburns. It can also be effective to lose weight.

One tomato carries approximately 9mg calcium, 0.25mg iron, 11.45mg vitamin C and 214mg potassium. This juicy and sweet fruit is packed with antioxidants and help to fight several diseases. Tomatoes should be a part of a healthy diet for their positive effect on health.

Main Differences Between Tomatillo and Tomato Nutrition

  1. Both tomatillo and tomato are fruits, according to Botany, but both are cooked and consumed as vegetables mostly. Tomatillos are originated in Mexico by the Aztecs, whereas the tomatoes originated from South America.
  2. Both the fruits are low in calories, yet tomatillo contains a bit more calories than tomatoes. Tomatillo is also enriched with protein and fat.
  3. Tomatillo is a great source of minerals too. It contains more minerals than tomatoes. The number of minerals like copper, phosphorous, manganese, iron and others is more in tomatillo than in tomato.
  4. Lycopene is a very important antioxidant that comes with many health benefits. This antioxidant can not be found in tomatillos, but it can be seen in tomatoes. But tomatillos contain other kinds of antioxidants that are needed for a healthy body.
  5. Tomatillos improve digestion and cleanse the toxins of the body. It helps to control blood pressure and improves our vision. On the other hand, tomato helps to decrease the chances of heart disease and also help to avoid certain types of cancer.

Conclusion

The sweet and tangy taste of these two fruits lets them enter the territory of vegetables. They are mostly eaten as vegetables, they are used to make the sauce, soup, vegetable salad and they can also be eaten by roasting. Both of these fruits are enriched with vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. They are low in calories. But they do not contain the same nutrients of the same amount. Even though both of them lack some minerals and antioxidants, but as a whole, they are very healthy and beneficial for the body. Both of these fruits are widely popular for their taste and nutritious value.

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/BF01088308.pdf
  2. http://www.saulibrary.edu.bd/daatj/public/index.php/getDownload/REG.%2015-06942_11.pdf
x
2D vs 3D