Vitamin B1 vs B12: Difference and Comparison

Vitamins are a very beneficial element required in the development and growth of the body of living organisms. Certain types of vitamins can target the particular organs of the body to be developed.

Vitamins have been classified based on their micronutrients that are quite necessary to be consumed. Vitamin B1 and B12 are also two types.

Key Takeaways

  1. Vitamin B1, or thiamine, helps convert food into energy, while vitamin B12, or cobalamin, assists in red blood cell formation and DNA synthesis.
  2. Vitamin B1 deficiency causes Beriberi and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome; vitamin B12 deficiency leads to pernicious anemia and neurological problems.
  3. Plant and animal sources provide vitamin B1, but vitamin B12 comes primarily from animal products.

Vitamin B1 vs B12

The difference between vitamin B1 and B12 is that vitamin B1 is required for the nourishment and growth of the cells in the body. At the same time, vitamin B12 is an essential component in the metabolism process and the nervous system functioning. Both vitamins B1 and B12 belong to the B group of vitamins.

Vitamin B1 vs B12

Vitamin B1 is also referred to as thiamine which is naturally found in various types of food. The speciality of vitamin B1 is that it is soluble in water.

In some cases, vitamin B1 is added to certain types of food. Vitamin B1 is essential in the formation and development of body cells.

Vitamin B12 is also called cobalamin; just like vitamin B1, it is soluble in water. The functioning vitamin B12 is also involved in the metabolism of multiple types of acids.

Animals mostly require it since their diet consists of several things. Vitamin B12 belongs to the group of B vitamins.

Comparison Table

Parameters Of ComparisonVitamin B1Vitamin B12
Other namesThe other name and writing formats used in the place of vitamin B12 are cobalamin and vitamin B-12. In science, the formula used to denote vitamin B1 is C12H17N4OS+.
Scientific formulaVitamin B1 is required to develop and repair tissues in living organisms. In the field of science, the formula used to denote vitamin B12 is C₆₃H₈₈CoN₁₄O₁₄P.
RequirementsVitamin B12 is required for many things, such as the nervous system, production of RBC, and brain functionality. To release energy from the food that has been consumed, vitamin B1 becomes essential.
Need forThe main work of vitamin B12 involves the regeneration and maturation of cells of nerves that are spread throughout the body. The sources of vitamin B1 involve peas, liver, bananas, Oranges, bread, cereals, etc. There are many other sources.
SourcesThe sources of vitamin B1 involve peas, liver, bananas, Oranges, bread, cereals, etc. There are many more other sources. The sources of vitamin B12 include Eggs, Milk, Cottage cheese, Ricotta, Mozzarella, etc.

What is Vitamin B1?

The percentage of Bioavailability of vitamin B1 is from 3.7% to 5.3%. Vitamin B1 can be dissolved in glycerol, methanol, and water.

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Since it helps the cells to develop and grow, it is considered very advantageous for pregnant women. Vitamin B1 is known to people by several names, such as aneurine and thiamine.

The scientific formula given for vitamin B1 is C12H17N4OS+. It helps in the growth of the baby’s brain, and more than that, it supports both expecting women and its child to make required energy from carbohydrates.

A wide range of foods available are very rich in vitamin B1. For example, milk, eggs, liver, yeast, meat, beef, tuna, salmon, etc.

Chinese medicine texts were the first to record symptoms of vitamin B1 deficiency, also known as thiamine deficiency. Another incident was seen in Japan, where a physician noticed the rise in the number of deaths of sailors.

He claimed that this scenario of multiple deaths occurred because sailors tended to eat only rice constantly for months. This claim was proved positive when the changes in the diet of these sailors brought the number of death down.

Vitamin B1 is an essential nutrient that should be included in the diet daily.

What is Vitamin B12?

Vitamin B12 helps the liver in the process of metabolism. Animals need vitamin B12 in DNA synthesis as a cofactor. A vegetarian person can acquire vitamin B12 from plant-based meat, almonds, yeast spreads, tempeh, Fortified Cereals Soy, Chlorella, etc.

Two other names are used to denote vitamin B12: cobalamin and vitamin B-12. Also, the scientific formula given for vitamin B12 is C₆₃H₈₈CoN₁₄O₁₄P.

By being a part of myelin synthesis, vitamin B12 helps the nervous system to function normally. It also plays a vital role in the maturation of red blood cells found in the bone marrow.

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The daily amount of vitamin B12, which is recommended for a person to take daily is 2.4 MG. Even a higher amount of vitamin B12 is not harmful because the body automatically absorbs only the required amount.

The remaining amount of vitamin B12, after absorption, passes out with urine.

However, if a higher amount of vitamin B12 is being taken to treat the deficiency, sometimes it can cause headaches. Vitamin B12 is considered to be essential when it comes to the formation and functionality of red blood cells.

The deficiency of vitamin B12 can cause Dementia, heart disease, blood vessel disease, etc.

vitamin b12

Main Differences Between Vitamin B1 and B12

  1. The critical role played by vitamin B1 is in the growth of the body, while vitamin B12 plays an important role in the growth of the body and blood cells.
  2. If a person somehow manages to take a high amount of vitamin B1 he might get insomnia or nausea while a higher dose of vitamin B12 can cause skin rash and acne.
  3. Vitamin B1 is also known as thiamine scientifically. Vitamin B12, On the other hand, is also known as cobalamin.
  4. Vitamin B1 is necessary for the repairing of the tissues. On the other hand, vitamin B12 is necessary to increase brain functionality.
  5. There are many vegan sources of vitamin B1 such as cereal, bread, and fruits while vitamin B12 has fewer vegan sources.
Difference Between Vitamin B1 and B12

Last Updated : 02 July, 2023

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7 thoughts on “Vitamin B1 vs B12: Difference and Comparison”

  1. Vitamins indeed play a vital role in the human body. The article highlights the importance of Vitamin B1 and Vitamin B12 very well. Thoroughly enjoyed reading it.

  2. This is amazing! This article provided a detailed explanation of the difference between Vitamin B1 and Vitamin B12, along with their sources and benefits. Great read!

  3. Vitamins are an essential element for the body’s growth and development. The article provides useful and important information on different vitamins. Thank you!

  4. The references included in the article provide scientific evidence to support the information presented. Well-researched and informative content. Great job!

  5. The comparison table is quite helpful. It clearly outlines the main differences between Vitamin B1 and Vitamin B12. The content is informative and beneficial.

  6. The article is quite interesting and provides in-depth knowledge about vitamins. It’s always great to learn more about how vitamins contribute to overall health and well-being.

    • Agreed! The article gives a comprehensive understanding of Vitamin B1 and B12. It’s a great resource for anyone looking to learn more about their benefits.


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