Vitamins are a very beneficial element required in the development and growth of the body of living organisms. Certain types of vitamins can target the particular organs of the body to be developed.
Vitamins have been classified based on their micronutrients that are quite necessary to be consumed. Vitamin B1 and B12 are also two types.
- Vitamin B1, or thiamine, helps convert food into energy, while vitamin B12, or cobalamin, assists in red blood cell formation and DNA synthesis.
- Vitamin B1 deficiency causes Beriberi and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome; vitamin B12 deficiency leads to pernicious anemia and neurological problems.
- Plant and animal sources provide vitamin B1, but vitamin B12 comes primarily from animal products.
Vitamin B1 vs B12
The difference between vitamin B1 and B12 is that vitamin B1 is required for the nourishment and growth of the cells in the body. At the same time, vitamin B12 is an essential component in the metabolism process and the nervous system functioning. Both vitamins B1 and B12 belong to the B group of vitamins.
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Vitamin B1 is also referred to as thiamine which is naturally found in various types of food. The speciality of vitamin B1 is that it is soluble in water.
In some cases, vitamin B1 is added to certain types of food. Vitamin B1 is essential in the formation and development of body cells.
Vitamin B12 is also called cobalamin; just like vitamin B1, it is soluble in water. The functioning vitamin B12 is also involved in the metabolism of multiple types of acids.
Animals mostly require it since their diet consists of several things. Vitamin B12 belongs to the group of B vitamins.
|Parameters Of Comparison||Vitamin B1||Vitamin B12|
|Other names||The other name and writing formats used in the place of vitamin B12 are cobalamin and vitamin B-12.||In science, the formula used to denote vitamin B1 is C12H17N4OS+.|
|Scientific formula||Vitamin B1 is required to develop and repair tissues in living organisms.||In the field of science, the formula used to denote vitamin B12 is C₆₃H₈₈CoN₁₄O₁₄P.|
|Requirements||Vitamin B12 is required for many things, such as the nervous system, production of RBC, and brain functionality.||To release energy from the food that has been consumed, vitamin B1 becomes essential.|
|Need for||The main work of vitamin B12 involves the regeneration and maturation of cells of nerves that are spread throughout the body.||The sources of vitamin B1 involve peas, liver, bananas, Oranges, bread, cereals, etc. There are many other sources.|
|Sources||The sources of vitamin B1 involve peas, liver, bananas, Oranges, bread, cereals, etc. There are many more other sources.||The sources of vitamin B12 include Eggs, Milk, Cottage cheese, Ricotta, Mozzarella, etc.|
What is Vitamin B1?
The percentage of Bioavailability of vitamin B1 is from 3.7% to 5.3%. Vitamin B1 can be dissolved in glycerol, methanol, and water.
Since it helps the cells to develop and grow, it is considered very advantageous for pregnant women. Vitamin B1 is known to people by several names, such as aneurine and thiamine.
The scientific formula given for vitamin B1 is C12H17N4OS+. It helps in the growth of the baby’s brain, and more than that, it supports both expecting women and its child to make required energy from carbohydrates.
A wide range of foods available are very rich in vitamin B1. For example, milk, eggs, liver, yeast, meat, beef, tuna, salmon, etc.
Chinese medicine texts were the first to record symptoms of vitamin B1 deficiency, also known as thiamine deficiency. Another incident was seen in Japan, where a physician noticed the rise in the number of deaths of sailors.
He claimed that this scenario of multiple deaths occurred because sailors tended to eat only rice constantly for months. This claim was proved positive when the changes in the diet of these sailors brought the number of death down.
Vitamin B1 is an essential nutrient that should be included in the diet daily.
What is Vitamin B12?
Vitamin B12 generally helps the liver in the process of metabolism. Animals need vitamin B12 in DNA synthesis as a cofactor. A vegetarian person can acquire vitamin B12 from plant-based meat, almonds, yeast spreads, tempeh, Fortified Cereals Soy, Chlorella, etc.
Two other names are used to denote vitamin B12: cobalamin and vitamin B-12. Also, the scientific formula given for vitamin B12 is C₆₃H₈₈CoN₁₄O₁₄P.
By being a part of myelin synthesis, vitamin B12 helps the nervous system to function normally. It also plays a vital role in the maturation of red blood cells found in the bone marrow.
The daily amount of vitamin B12, which is recommended for a person to take daily is 2.4 MG. Even a higher amount of vitamin B12 is not harmful because the body automatically absorbs only the required amount.
The remaining amount of vitamin B12, after absorption, passes out with urine.
However, if a higher amount of vitamin B12 is being taken to treat the deficiency, sometimes it can cause headaches. Vitamin B12 is considered to be essential when it comes to the formation and functionality of red blood cells.
The deficiency of vitamin B12 can cause Dementia, heart disease, blood vessel disease, etc.
Main Differences Between Vitamin B1 and B12
- The critical role played by vitamin B1 is in the growth of the body, while vitamin B12 plays an important role in the growth of the body and blood cells.
- If a person somehow manages to take a high amount of vitamin B1 he might get insomnia or nausea while a higher dose of vitamin B12 can cause skin rash and acne.
- Vitamin B1 is also known as thiamine scientifically. Vitamin B12, On the other hand, is also known as cobalamin.
- Vitamin B1 is necessary for the repairing of the tissues. On the other hand, vitamin B12 is necessary to increase brain functionality.
- There are many vegan sources of vitamin B1 such as cereal, bread, and fruits while vitamin B12 has fewer vegan sources.
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Piyush Yadav has spent the past 25 years working as a physicist in the local community. He is a physicist passionate about making science more accessible to our readers. He holds a BSc in Natural Sciences and Post Graduate Diploma in Environmental Science. You can read more about him on his bio page.