What Is a Ph.D.? | Definition, Origin and Process

A PhD is a much higher level of academic qualification one can attain. It is a Doctoral research degree. This degree is normally of 4 years sometimes of 3 years, giving this work your full time to complete your thesis on a particular subject which you opt. or we can say that subject which is your PhD about.


There are a lot of questions from the people about this degree. Like as it stands for “Doctor of Philosophy” so some people ask that after doing this Do some become a Doctor? The answer is yes, but not that type of a Doctor. Or, Does, we have you or someone has to study philosophy? No, it is not that, but here if you want to study it you can.

It is an abbreviation of a Latin term ‘Philosophiae Doctor’. In Philosophy Philo means friend or a lover of and Sophia means wisdom. This meaning comes from its original Greek Meaning.

Now, before rushing further in this article, let’s find out what is a PhD? and also, why it is a word ‘Doctor’ in it.

Doctorate and PhD.

Let’s us see what we know so far about this topic. Doctorate and PhD there is no difference between these two.

Doctorate; it is a qualification, given to the one who is studying for a Doctoral Degree (we already discuss about the Doctoral Degree above). A PhD is a Doctoral Degree, so whoever done a PhD in a subject, Doctorate word given to them as they get their degree. And after this, they can put Doctor before their name.

To for qualify a Doctoral Degree, one has to provide the best work on the subject of your PhD that makes a particular contribution to your opted subject. The very common Doctoral Degree is PhD. Also, there are other doctorates who are awarded in the areas of a specific subject or for professional projects or practicals.

So, you see that not all doctorates are PhD. but all the PhD s are the doctorates.

Origin of PhD

Despite its meaning, PhD isn’t a Greek Degree of the ancient period. Although it is much of recent degrees. As from the sources the PhD was developed in Germany, 19th century.

At that time the advanced education had generally focused on the mastery of a current group of scholarship and the most noteworthy academic position accessible was, fittingly, a Masters’s certificate.

As after this all the focus moved to the thinking of new ideas and find new knowledge. At that time this PhD degree came into being or say introduced those who are capable of significant expertise and has skills.

Process followed for pursuing PhD

Not at all like most master’s degree courses, a PhD is an exploration degree. However, that doesn’t mean you’ll simply go through three years secured away from a library or research facility. Indeed, the PhD of modern times is very diverse and capable of a wide range of segments.

A person who is doing PhD. goes through kind a tough series of stages.

It involves:

  1. Literature Review.
  2. Conducting Original Reviews.
  3. Producing a Thesis.
  4. Writing up the Thesis as well as submitting it.
  5. Defending your Thesis in VOC. exam.


  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/002248718303400311
  2. http://search.proquest.com/openview/2028cb5671ed323ed2f52dd012b323bc/1.pdf?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=41824
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