Difference Between 2.4Ghz and 5Ghz Wifi Internet (With Table)

The internet has taken over our lives in the past two decades. If we are stuck or want to find an answer to a question, we go over the internet and solve our query. The internet has been a boon to our society. For the internet to work, we need data. The data is available to us through Wi-Fi. Wi-Fi has a modem that helps the data to get transmitted over large areas. Wi-Fi data has more speed than our phone data.

The Wi-Fi internet is of two types 2.4 GHz frequency and 5 GHz frequency. Both of these are often understood as the same. This is because both of them cater to the same services and needs of us. Yet, there is a clear distinction between the two.

2.4Ghz vs 5Ghz Wifi Internet

The difference between 2.4 GHz frequency and 5 GHz frequency wireless internet is that 5 GHz frequency is faster than the 2.4 GHz frequency, and it also provides this speed at lesser rates. Whereas 2.4 GHz frequency usually covers more distance than 5 GHz frequency but could be slow.

Both of these wireless frequencies are used for different purposes and needs.

For example, if we want to stream a show, then we would prefer a 5 GHz frequency speed over 2.4 GHz frequency speed as we require the data to load the show quickly. Whereas if we are at a distance from the Wi-Fi modem, then we would need 2.4 GHz wireless frequency as it covers more distance.

Though both the frequencies are available together in a Wi-Fi modem, our devices will only pick one at a time.

 

Comparison Table Between 2.4Ghz and 5Ghz Wifi Internet (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of comparison2.4 GHz Wireless Frequency5 GHz Wireless Frequency
Operating frequencyWi-Fi standard IEEE 802.11b operating frequency.Wi-Fi standard IEEE 802.11a operating frequency.
SpeedProvides slower data frequency than 5 GHz frequency.Provides fast data frequency.
DistanceCovers a long distance.Covers a short distance.
BandwidthHas a lower bandwidth than 5 GHz frequency.Has a higher bandwidth.
UseFor using the internet to surf at distances.For streaming shows and downloading.
RangeReaches 150 feet indoors and 300 feet outdoors.Reaches one-third of these distance.
 

What is 2.4 GHz Wireless Frequency Internet?

A 2.4 GHz is a frequency used to get the internet for your devices through Wi-Fi. The 2.4 GHz wireless frequency supports the net at longer distances. What it covers in the distance, it lacks in speed.

The 2.4 GHz wireless frequency is a lot slower to stream videos and download big files. Many people prefer this wireless frequency internet because their modems are far away from their devices.

When we find free Wi-Fi in a store or coffee shop or even in a restaurant, they are using the 2.4 GHz frequency as it helps people all over the store connect their devices to their Wi-Fi network and stream for basic needs, but nobody can download bug files or stream shows for free on their Wi-Fi as the speed is very slow. 

To check if you have 2.4 GHz frequency or not, you can check it in the settings of your devices.

n the description, they will write something like 2.4 or 24 at the end of the name of your device’s network; exhibit: homenetwork24.

If you wish to connect to a 2.4 GHz frequency, then go to the settings and select the Wi-Fi option.

In that, you will see plenty of options for the available network. Choose a network whose name ends in 2.4 or 24. Select on it, add a password, and stream in 2.4 GHz wireless frequency internet.

For Apple users, especially, they have two antennas to attract both the 2.4 GHz frequency as well as 5 GHz frequency. Your device manually decides which frequency is best for you at that moment of you using the internet.

Even if your Wi-Fi uses both the frequencies together and has the same name for both, it is not possible to stream both the frequencies together on any device.

 

What is 5 GHz wireless frequency internet?

The 5 GHz wireless frequency is used to get intent to your devices through your Wi-Fi. It is used when speed rather than distance is important. The 5 GHz frequency streams your web pages very quickly. This is the frequency that is mostly used for personal and office uses.

The professionals need their data to load very fast as well as big files to download in seconds to get the work done. At home, people stream in their favorite shows and download large files.

The 5 GHz frequency allows you to stream these very quickly and provides a clear quality video for your show. Many old devices don’t support the 5 GHz frequency and work very slow. 

To check if your Wi-Fi is on 5 GHz frequency or not, you can go to settings and check if the end part of your network name ends in 5 or not. The network that ends in 5 uses the 5 GHz wireless frequency.

The newer iPhone and apple devices use 5 GHz frequency more frequently than the 2.4 GHz frequency. The 5 GHz frequency can be selected by clicking on the settings options and selecting the Wi-Fi option. In it, connect to a network that ends in 5. 

Main Differences Between 2.4Ghz vs 5Ghz Wifi Internet

  1. The 2.4 GHz wireless frequency is used when covering distance is important, whereas the 5 GHz wireless frequency is used when speed is more important.
  2. 2.4 GHz frequency covers more area than the 5 GHz frequency, but it’s also slower than the 5 GHz frequency. On the other hand, the 5 GHz frequency covers shorter distances than the 2.4 GHz frequency, but it is faster than the 2.4 GHz frequency.
  3. 2.4 GHz frequency is used in places like shops or restaurants or hotels or coffee shops, whereas 5 GHz frequency is used for personal and office purposes.
  4. 2.4 GHz frequency has a range of 150 feet indoors and 300 feet outdoors, but the 5 GHz frequency covers one-third of the same.
 

Conclusion

Although both the frequencies have their own pros and cons, we cannot use both of them together.

It is better to use either according to our purpose and need.

Both the frequencies can be used to stream the internet on all devices.

 

References

  1. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/993368
  2. https://marksmannet.com/RobertMarks/REPRINTS/2014_Alleviating%20Airport%20WiFi%20Congestion.pdf
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