Ayurveda vs Siddha Medicine: Difference and Comparison

India is considered a country with a long medicinal history. Texts and inscriptions can be founded stating how Indians have dealt with diseases like fever, cough, skin disease, etc., with their medicines mainly made of herbs and minerals.

The medicines are potent today, but many medicinal systems include Ayurveda and Siddha. They are natural and nature-based medicines derived from minerals, herbs, metals, etc.

Key Takeaways

  1. Ayurveda is a traditional Indian system of medicine that focuses on holistic health and emphasizes natural remedies. At the same time, Siddha Medicine is a system of medicine from southern India that emphasizes using minerals and metals in treatment.
  2. Ayurveda uses a combination of herbs, oils, and spices to treat illnesses, while Siddha Medicine uses a combination of minerals, metals, and herbs.
  3. Ayurveda primarily focuses on balancing the three doshas (vata, pitta, and kapha), while Siddha Medicine focuses on maintaining the balance of the five elements (Earth, water, fire, air, and ether).

Ayurveda vs Siddha Medicine

Ayurveda is a traditional Indian system of medicine that dates back to ancient times. It emphasizes using natural herbs and remedies to promote balance in the body, mind, and spirit. Siddha medicine is an old system of medicine from Tamil Nadu, India; it also uses herbal and mineral-based treatments and specific surgical procedures.

Ayurveda vs Siddha Medicine

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Ayurveda is a type of medical system that originated in India and is considered the world’s oldest medical treatment developed approximately 3000 years ago with the main motive of increasing a human’s strength and immune system by using herbs, minerals, and metals.

Ayurveda makes an individual’s body strong enough to fight any disease. 

Siddha Medicine is also a medicinal system that originated in India, specifically in South India. It is said that 90% of Siddha’s medicine is nothing but derived from Ayurveda.

Also, it is not popular with many; it is considered not a good choice as not many know the proper practice of it. 

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonAyurvedaSiddha Medicine
DefinitionThe oldest Indian Medicine was found approximately 3000 years ago. Indian Medicine came into existence after Ayurveda.
PopularNationwideKerala and Tamil Nadu.
Recommended fornerve and muscle, related problemsrespiratory and Digestion
Main FocusVatha, Pitha and KaphaEarth, Water, Fire, Air, and Space
LanguagesIn the Sanskrit languageIn the Tamil Language

What is Ayurveda?

Ayurveda is a medicine based on the belief that a person’s body comprises five elements of the universe, space, air, fire, water, and earth which combine and form energies in the form of life.

This is known as Doshas. These Doshas are categorized into three different categories:

  1. Vata Dosha (space and air) is considered the most powerful by Ayurvedic Practitioners. This Dosha is responsible for the primary function and control of breathing, getting waste out of the body, heart function, etc. Diseases or conditions such as asthma, heart disease, skin problems, etc., can be developed if this is the leading life force of the individual.
  2. Pitta Dosha: This energy is responsible for digestion, breaking down food and hormones related to the appetite. Things that should be avoided if this is the primary life force are: eating spicy food and spending more time outside during otherwise conditions or diseases, such as heart disease and high blood pressure, etc. are likely to be developed.
  3. Kapha Dosha: this energy is responsible for the growth, strength, weight, and stability of the body. It also controls the immune system. Having food with excess salt, sugar, and water and taking naps during the day should be avoided if this is the primary life energy of an individual.

What is Siddha Medicine?

Siddha Medicine is also considered a traditional medical system in India. It describes the human body as a mixture of 5 primal and 7 physical elements.

The five primal elements are Earth, Water, Air, Space, and Fire. Seven physical elements are:

  1. Saaram (Plasma): It is responsible for the growth and development of the body.
  2. Senneer (Blood): Improves intellect and nourishes muscles.
  3. Ooun (Muscles): It is responsible for the body’s shape.
  4. Kollzuppu (Fatty Tissue): responsible for oil balance and joints
  5. Enbu (Bone): responsible for supporting the whole body
  6. Moolai (Nerve): responsible for brain functions and spinal cord
  7. Sukkilam/Suronitham: Responsible for reproduction

The medication under Siddha Medicines is categorized under three different categories:

  1. Deva Maruthuvam (Divine Method): medicines used mercury, pashanam and sulfur, etc
  2. Maranda Maruthuvam (Rational Method): kudineer, churanam and vadagam, etc
  3. Asura Maruthuvam (Surgical Method): practices of excision, heat application, bloodletting, and leech application are made in this method.

Before the 20th century, Siddha Medicine was not practised nor known by many. But nowadays, it is being practised and taught to various practitioners; the government is also providing help for spreading awareness of this medicine.

siddha medicine

Main Differences Between Ayurveda and Siddha Medicine

  1. Ayurveda is the oldest than Siddha Medicine, it originated around 3000 earlier, and Siddha Medicine came into knowledge later.
  2. Ayurveda is the most popular among Siddha and Unani and is well-known in the nation, but this is not the same as Siddha Medicine. Its popularity is limited to a few states, mainly Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  3. Ayurveda is recommended for diseases related to the Nerves and Muscles, whereas Siddha Medicine is recommended for respiratory and digestion diseases.
  4. Ayurveda is mainly written in Sanskrit, which is an Aryan Language, but Siddha is written in Tamil, which is a Dravidian Language.
  5. The mythical father of Ayurveda is considered Dhanvantari, and Lord Shiva is regarded as the divine father of Siddha.
  6. The main focus of Ayurveda are Tridosha, Vatha, Pitha, and Kapha, and the main focus of Siddha Medicine are Earth, Water, Fire, Air, and Space.
  7. There are five Gathas in Ayurveda and ten Vatha’s in Siddha Medicine.
Difference Between Ayurveda and Siddha Medicine
  1. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(97)04223-2/fulltext

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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