Difference Between Bread and Bun

Staple food is defined as a food product that is consumed by a significant number of the population. Also, staple foods are inexpensive and are rich in micronutrients as well as macronutrients which is the reason for their popularity. Some kinds of staple food are bread, cereals, beans, legumes, etc.

Bread vs Bun

The main difference between Bread and Bun is that Bread comes in various sizes and different tastes. On the other hand, Bun comes in round size and generally has a sweet taste. Moreover, Bread is baked in loaves and can have multiple servings whereas Bun is a single-serving dish.

Bread vs Bun

Bread is a staple food produced using flour, water, and other optional materials like yeast or baking soda. Different regions and communities use different recipes to prepare their Bread, and that is the reason why Bread has more than 150 varieties from all over the world that are equally delicious.

A bun is a delicacy prepared using dough and other optional fillings. It is a misconception that Buns are sweet, but actually, the taste depends upon the creativity of the baker and it can have varieties. Also, Buns have a flat bottom with a dome-shaped top that can fit in a hand.

Comparison Table Between Bread And Bun

Parameters of ComparisonBreadBun
ShapeVarious shapes like flatbread, baguettes, etc.Round, dome-like shape
Serving typeCan have multiple servingsSingle-serving dish
Baking technique usedUsually, Bread is baked in loavesBuns are baked separately
Usual tasteDepends on the type of BreadSweet
Legal Weight½ pound or 277 g in the USLess than ½ pound in the US
TypesCake, Toast, White Bread, Brown Bread, etc.Cinnamon Bun, Bath Bun, Hamburger Bun, etc.
First madeAround 12,000 years ago18th-century
Invented byThe EgyptiansWilliam Oliver

What is Bread?

Bread is produced using flour, water, yeast, salt, and other materials. These ingredients are mixed and the dough is prepared which is baked to create Bread. The substances used in bread-making are cheap and the preparation is inexpensive, therefore, a huge portion of the population consumes Bread making it a staple food.

The evidence suggests that the first Bread was made by The Egyptians around 12,000 years ago. Like other great inventions, the invention of Bread was an accident too. The Egyptians found out that allowing the dough to ferment made it light and expanded it, and since then they started using the method. Egyptians also invented baking ovens to easily and efficiently produce their Bread.

Since more than 12,000 years have passed since the invention of Bread, it has traveled around the world. In present days, there are about 194 types of Bread prepared all over the world. Some of the common types are the French Baguette, the Italian Breadstick, Whole Wheat Bread, and Paratha (originated in the Indian Subcontinent).

Part of the reason why Bread is a staple food is because it is rich in all the necessary nutrients like Iron, Calcium, Fat, and carbohydrates. Also, Bread doesn’t contain cholesterol.

What is Bun?

Buns are common around the world as sweet and dome-shaped Bread. But, Buns can be made in different shapes and also have different fillings with multiple tastes. The ingredients used in Bun-making are the same as that of Bread-making, i.e. water, flour, yeast, and salt. Also, Buns can use additional ingredients like cinnamon or sugar to produce a different taste.

The first Bun was made by a physician called William Oliver in the 18th century. He invented these round bread for his patients who had rheumatic diseases or arthritis. People with arthritis are suggested not to take saturated fats and cholesterol as they harm the patient’s health. Keeping this in mind, Oliver created the first Bun to meet his patients’ needs.

Buns have a total fat of 2g out of which only 0.5g is saturated fat. Also, Buns are rich in carbohydrates, sodium, protein, and calcium. Note that here the serving size was taken 65.21g which is the average weight of a Bun.

The different types of Buns available are the Chinese Baozi, Bath Bun, Bread Roll, Cinnamon Bun, Hamburger Bun, and many others. The bun is also known as “petit pain” in French and “broetchen” in German.

Main Differences Between Bread And Bun

  1. Bread comes in multiple shapes like flatbread and stick-shaped Breadstick whereas Buns are generally round and small.
  2. Bread can be served to multiple people (or multiple servings to the same person) whereas Buns are a single-serving dish.
  3. Bread is baked in groups or loaves whereas Buns are baked separately.
  4. The taste of Bread depends upon the type of bread you’re eating but Buns are generally sweet.
  5. The legal weight of Bread in the US is ½ pound or 277g whereas the legal weight of a Bun in the US is less than 277g.
  6. Types of Bread are Banana Bread and Ciabatta Bread whereas types of Bun are Bath Bun and Hamburger Bun.
  7. The bread was first made around 12,000 years ago whereas Bun was first made in the 18th century.
  8. The bread was invented by the Egyptians whereas Bun was invented by William Oliver.

Conclusion

Both Bread and Bun are elegant and delicious dishes with their own set of flavors and recipes. However, despite their differences, they are similar. This sentence better describes the similarity as well as the difference between both items: All Buns are Bread but not all Bread is Bun.

To summarize, Bread is prepared by baking dough made with flour, water, salt, and yeast. Bread can be made in sizes and shapes like flatbread or baguettes. Buns are made with the same ingredients as Bread but are always round in shape and optionally contain fillings to increase the taste. Also, Bread is a multi-serving dish whereas Buns are served one at a time as they are not baked in groups or loaves like most of the Bread.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0260877407005869
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02635917
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