Difference Between Catholic and Baptist (With Table)

Catholic vs Baptist

The difference between Catholic and Baptist is that the Catholics believe in infant baptism. On the other hand, Baptists only believe in the Baptism of those who believe in the faith. They do not support infant baptism.

There are three main branches of Christianity. Catholicism, Protestantism, and Orthodox. Orthodox Christians are further divided into Eastern and Oriental Orthodox.

Catholicism is a word used to refer to the people who believe in the catholic faith. The word comes from the largest Church of the Christian community named the Catholic Church. There are three branches of Christianity. Bishops are the people of the highest order in the Christian faith.

Baptist, on the other hand, is a part of Protestantism. They have different beliefs, such as they believe in praying to Jesus alone. There are two types of Baptists, General Baptists, and Particular Baptists. General ones tend to hold the Arminian theology, whereas the Particular ones hold the Reformed theology.

Arminian theology is based on the ideas of Jacobus Arminius. He gave the Fiver Articles of Remonstrance. Reformed theology is called Calvinism.


Comparison Table Between Catholic and Baptist (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of ComparisonCatholic Baptist
Meaning The word Catholic is used to refer to people who believe in the Catholic faith. The word Baptist is used to refer to the protestant Christians who are against infant baptism.
ReachCatholics have the biggest Church.Baptists are smaller in number as compared to Catholics.
SalvationThey believe that the way to salvation is through their faith and sacraments.They believe that the way to salvation is through the faith in Jesus
BeliefThey pray to all the Saints and Mary.They believe in praying to Jesus alone.
PurgatoryThey believe in purgatory. They do not believe in purgatory.
Infant BaptismThey believe in infant baptism.They do not believe in infant baptism.
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What is Catholic?

Catholics are the people who believe that Jesus Christ is God’s Son. They have certain beliefs that distinguish them from other major branches of Christianity, such as the Bible is error-free and is the revealed word of God.

The word Catholic comes from the Catholic Church. It is believed that the Catholic Church was established by Jesus, who loved in the Roman Empire. Earlier, Christianity was restricted in the Roman Empire, but when the boundaries of Rome were diminished, it spread further. Rome is the center of faith for Christians. Because of this, the Pope (Bishop of Rome) got power over the Church.

Catholicism became the official religion in 380. There are some beliefs of the Catholics like they consider the Roman Catholic Church as the one true Church. They believe in purgatory.

Purgatory is the stage in the afterlife of a person where he/she suffers. During this period of suffering, the punishment for his/her suns committed in the earthly life is purged away. They also believe that Mary, Mother of Jesus, remained a virgin and had a miraculous conception. It is also believed that her body was taken to heaven. Thus, her corpse would not be found on Earth.


What is Baptist?

Baptists are also Christians, but they form a branch of Protestantism. This is because Baptists believe in Baptism of the believer’s alone. They are against infant baptism. Baptism is the process of admitting or adopting a person into the faith of Christianity. It is also known as Christening. Thus, the Baptists advocate that only those who choose to believe in Christianity and Jesus should be Baptized instead of Baptizing all the people when they are infants.

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Many Baptist Churches emerged which work on the principles of accountability of every person before God and salvation by faith alone. They believe in praying to Jesus alone and do not pray to Mary or the other Saints.

For Baptists, Baptism is only successful. The person has been immersed in water; otherwise, it is not considered valid.

Bruce Gourley has outlined the history of the Baptists and is known as the Baptist Historian. The origin of the Baptist movement has its roots back in the 17th century. This all started with the English Separatist movement, after which there was a surge in the number of Protestants.
The Roman Catholic Church and Church of England were separated during the Protestant Reformation. Some people were dissatisfied with this and left the Church. These people are known as Separatists.


Main Differences Between Catholic and Baptist

  • Catholics support infant baptism, whereas Baptists are against the same. They tend to support the Baptism of only those who choose to believe in Christianity.
  • Catholics believe in praying to Mary and the Saints along with Jesus. Baptists only pray to Jesus.
  • Catholics believe in purgatory, whereas Baptists do not believe in purgatory.
  • Catholics have the most prominent Church, whereas Baptists have smaller churches in comparison.
  • Baptists believe that the way to salvation is only through faith in God. Catholics, on the other hand, believe that salvation can also be achieved through belief in Holy sacraments.



There are many other differences between the Catholics and the Baptists. Both of these groups of people have faith in Christianity, but their practices are different. For example, Catholics believe that you can confess your sins to a priest, but Baptists tend to pray directly to Jesus and do not make confessions to priests.

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Catholics tend to make the sign of the cross on the chest, but Baptists do not. Also, Baptists believe in the resurrection of Jesus and have an empty cross to symbolize the same, whereas Catholics leave Jesus on the cross.

Catholics pray using a rosary, light candles for the dead, swing incense, put statues of Mary in their house, and put ashes on forehead on Ash Wed. Baptists, on the other hand, do not do any of these things. Catholics also have extra books in addition to the Bible, but Baptists only study the Bible.

The main difference between Catholics and Baptists is that the former believes in infant baptism, whereas Baptists do not. They have more reformed beliefs.


Word Cloud for Difference Between Catholic and Baptist

The following is a collection of the most used terms in this article on Catholic and Baptist. This should help in recalling related terms as used in this article at a later stage for you.

Difference between catholic and baptist