Difference Between Catholic and Roman Catholic

Christianity is the world’s largest growing religion with more than two billion followers. Christianity is a major religion that focuses on preachings, teachings, and stories of the anointed one of God, Jesus Christ.

The largest groups among Christianity are the Catholics, Roman Catholics, and the protestant churches. There are various subdivisions within the religion.

Catholic vs Roman Catholic

The main difference between Catholic and Roman Catholic is that Roman Catholics are a majority, whereas Catholics are a minority group.

They differ in their Bible, denominations, the papacy, Beliefs on sacraments, tradition, and the significance of the virgin Mary. The Catholics are also called the ‘Greek Orthodox’.

When Christianity sprang into existence, There was only a single church, but later the discrepancies between different groups evolved.

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All Catholics come under the category of Christians, whereas not all Christians are called Catholics. Catholics disagree with the canon laws.

Catholics believe that After death, the soul goes to Hades to wait and anticipate the rise of Christ. Catholics do not have a papal authority, and they don’t believe in that.

Roman Catholics have their origin and roots from St.Peter. He is one among the twelve apostles and also a disciple of Jesus Christ.

They are headed by the Pope, who is their spiritual leader and is addressed as the Vicar of Jesus Christ. Roman Catholics have handed over the task of applying the Canon laws to their Bishop.

Comparison Table Between Catholic and Roman Catholic

Parameters of ComparisonCatholicRoman Catholic
PopeCatholics are a minority group and don’t believe in papal authority. Roman Catholics are a larger group, and they do believe in papal authority.
BibleCatholics follow the original, unchanged holy scriptures and the Bible. Roman Catholics have included additional books to their version of the Bible. 
Canonical lawsCatholics do not take the canon laws into account.Roman Catholics are authorized to consider and work following the Canonical laws. 
Immaculate ConceptionCatholics have a strong belief in Immaculate Conception, and they consider Mother Mary to be mortal.Roman Catholics have a strong belief in the theory of Immaculate Conceptions and believe in virgin Mary.
PurgatoryCatholics do not hold a belief in the theory of purgatory.    Roman Catholics hold a strong belief in the concept of purgatory after death.

What is Catholic?

The term Catholic literally translates to orthodox. They are also known as Greek Orthodox. These people did not get separated and go into the roman catholic church when the split happened.

They differ from the Roman Catholics in practices and beliefs. According to them, Jesus Christ is the messiah of God and was sent to earth to save the people.

They religiously believe and use the Bible, which is their error-free holy book.

They did not include the new versions or the latest books included in the Roman Catholic books. They are typical followers of Christianity who do not wish to change the verbatim and exact writings of lord Jesus.

They also do not prefer new additions to their bibles.

They believe that mary is mortal and was pre-prepared to give birth to Jesus.

They also disbelief and do not consider the canonical laws. They do not have any papal authority, and they do not have a pope.

According to them, once a person dies, his soul waits and then goes to the hades, the house of deads. After that, it gets united with the soul of Jesus Christ. They also do not believe in purgatory.

What is Roman Catholic?

The roman catholic church is the group of people who got separated during the partition and came away from the catholic church. They follow the roman catholic church.

They are the followers of St. Peter, who is believed to be one of the twelve apostles of Jesus. He was also an arduous follower of Christ.

The successor of St. Peter is called the Pope, who is the vicar of Christ.

Roman Catholics claim the authenticity of the church, and they also believe that the roman catholic church is the one holy, catholic, and apostolic church that possess all the original teachings and lessons directly from the period of Jesus Christ.

They consider themselves to follow the right and the enlightened path of Jesus present in their holy books and scriptures.

They believe in purgatory, that is, the soul after the death of a person undergoes purification to enter heaven. Otherwise, it will go to hell.

They commemorate the resurrection and sacrifice of Jesus, which is celebrated as a mass eucharist. Besides, they hold strong religious beliefs in baptism, penance, anointing, holy calls and orders, matrimony.

They are the believers and followers of canonical laws.

They also worship and believe in the virgin mary and other holy saints and priests. The roman catholic church is one of the largest worldwide organizations. Their relics are included in prayers.

Main Differences Between Catholic and Roman Catholic

  1. Catholics are small in number, and Roman Catholics are prominent in number.
  2. Catholics have the unaltered form of the Bible, whereas Roman Catholics have their Bible, including some new scriptures.
  3. Catholics don’t consider the Canon law, but the Roman Catholics are pretty strict about that. 
  4. Catholics believe in Immaculate conception, but the Roman Catholics disagree entirely with this.
  5. Catholics believe in purgatory, but the Roman Catholics do not think so.
Difference Between Catholic and Roman Catholic


In history, the spread of Christianity globally is considered to be a successfully established spiritual mission.

What started with a small group of disciples and followers of Christ has now exponentially increased, and the expanse of the religion and is vastly spread.

They are kinesthetic and believe and pray only one God. Their primary belief is that God sent a messiah, the Christ himself, to save and protect the world and people.

Their holy Bible revolves around faiths, beliefs, stories, experiences, canonical laws, etc.

The religion that started as a small group slowly burgeoned into an empire of various subdivisions.

The discrepancies of the beliefs, ideas, and theologies of people of different regions and countries lead to the formation and birth of various branches.


  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=PBIoAH4ko3kC&oi=fnd&pg=PP15&dq=catholics&ots=LtKMG9PTGl&sig=lPwqsSeZYmFlwFiz1ZpW79WWSug
  2. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/179/4068/41.abstract
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