Difference Between Catholic and Jewish (With Table)

People all around the world follow different religions and practices. Some of them are orthodox followers of their faith and consider their religion above any other religion. There is a large number of similarities and differences between different religions. Similarly, there are a large number of differences between Catholics and Jewish people.

Catholic vs Jewish

The difference between Catholics and Jewish is that Catholics refer to the people who follow and practise Christianity as their religion and faith, whereas Jewish refer to the people who follow and practise Judaism as their religion and faith. The population of Catholics is very large, whereas only some people follow Judaism as their faith.

Catholics are also known as Christians, and they are the ones who believe that Jesus was the Messiah they were waiting for. The Holy book of the Christians is the Bible which the Catholics consider utmostly sacred. Christians believe that God has established a Covenant with the help of Jesus Christ.

Jewish are people who follow and practise Judaism as their faith and religion. Jewish people, also known as the Jews, do not consider Jesus Christ as the Messiah and believe that Messiah is yet to arrive and bring a change. The Holy Book of the Jewish people is known as the Hebrew Bible.

Comparison Table Between Catholic and Jewish

Parameters of ComparisonCatholicJewish
MeaningCatholic refers to the people who follow and practice Christianity as their religion and faith.Jewish refers to the people who follow and practice Judaism as their religion and faith.
Holy BookThe holy book of Catholics is the Bible which they consider very sacred.The holy book of Jewish people is the Hebrew Bible.
Believe about ChristThe Catholics believe Jesus Christ to be the son of God hence consider him as the Messiah. They believe that Messiah has already in the form of Jesus.The Jewish people believe that the Messiah is yet to arrive and do not consider Jesus as the Messiah.
Existence of GodThe Catholics believe that three gods are under one head.The Jews or the Jewish people believe in the existence of a single god.
HistoryCatholics have found their roots to be almost 2000 years back and have emerged by converting themselves from Jewish to Catholic.Jews are even more historic when compared to Catholics as the Jewish people have found their roots to be almost 3500 years ago.
DemographicsPeople who believe in Christianity are found all around the world.The Jewish people are found in Israel and some parts of Northern America.

What is Catholic?

Catholics refer to the people who practice and follow Christianity as their religion. Catholics also worship the Bishop of Rome as an incarnation. Catholics have converted Jews that believe Jesus Christ to be the Messiah and the son of God.

Catholics also believe that the Messiah will return for judging and examining the world. Catholics are around 31% of the world’s total population and are close to 2.4 billion in number. Catholics believe that there are 3 gods and believe in the concept of Trinity.

Catholics believe in the concept and figures of Abraham, Jacob, and Issac. Catholics believe in doing good deeds so that they attain or achieve Salvation. Catholics also believe in the concept of different kinds of sins like venial and mortal sins.

Most countries in the west have a prominent population of Christians, but they believe in Secularism. Christianity does not believe in capital punishment and death sentences, whereas Jewish people do believe and support capital punishments as their holy books have references to death sentences in them.

What is Jewish?

Jewish refers to the people who believe and practice the religion of Judaism as their faith. The holy book of the Jewish people in the Hebrew Bible tells about the origination of Jews and various struggles and stories of Jews.

Jews do not consider Jesus Christ as the Messiah and believe that Messiah is yet to come. Jews are one of the smallest populations of communities all around the world that are concentrated in some parts of America and Israel. Isreal is the only country that has a major part of the population of Jews.

Christians go to the Church for worship, whereas Jews go to synagogues for worshipping their God. The priest of Jews is known as Rabbis. One of the major beliefs of Jewish people is that they must do good deeds and be good people to achieve salvation that is considered as the ultimate purpose of life.

The faith of Judaism is almost 3500 years old and is considered to be the roots of Christianity. Christians can be said to be converted from Jews as they followed Judaism before the birth of Christ.

Main Differences Between Catholic and Jewish

  1. Catholics refer to the people who practice and follow Christianity as their religion, whereas Jewish refers to the people who practice and follow Judaism as their religion.
  2. The holy book of the Catholics is the Bible, whereas the holy book of the Jewish people is Hebrew Bible.
  3. The Catholics consider Jesus Christ to be the Messiah, whereas the Jewish people believe that the Messiah is still to arrive.
  4. Catholics believe in the existence of three gods under one head. On the other hand, Jewish people believe in the existence of an individual God.
  5. Catholics form a major part of the population of the world and are present in every country, whereas the Jewish people are few in number.

Conclusion

People all around the world follow different religions and faiths. Every religion has different features and characteristics that make them worth observing. Christianity and Judaism have a large number of similarities but are different from each other in different ways.

Catholics have originated from Jews. Both the religions are very ancient and have their roots almost 3000 years from now. They may have different views and ideologies, but both the communities must respect each other’s faith so that there is no rift between the two ideologies and they live peacefully.

References

  1. https://muse.jhu.edu/article/9978/summary
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