Difference Between Cavity and Pit

Both the terms “cavity” and “pit” allude to openings or holes of some sort. They’re employed in a variety of settings, such as “pleural space”, dental cavity or fissure as well as tooth pit.

The term refers to the body cavity, or “hole,” as in “a pit in the earth.” We will distinguish between these two words in the realm of dentistry in this article.

The differences between a dental cavity and a pit are very crucial and less-known. So, this article will focus on the meanings, symptoms, and appearance of both cavity and pit with the help of a descriptive table and distinguished points on both.

Cavity vs Pit

The main difference between cavity and pit is that cavities are severely bruised regions on your tooth’s solid floor i.e the enamel part that grows into tiny apertures or cracks, whilst a pit is a very tiny indentation that forms naturally as a tooth develops. Cavities are harmful to gum and tooth health.

Cavity vs Pit

In dentistry, the word “cavity” refers to a gap or hole developed in the teeth as a result of decay. The disintegration of decaying teeth causes this gap or cavity to appear.

Dental decay, or cavities, is another name for it. Cavities occur in teeth when bits of food that have been left in the tooth begins to rot and disintegrate.

They become lodged in the crevices between the teeth, where germs thrive and cause lasting damage and decay. Because the bacteria generate acids, the harm is permanent.

These acids are produced by the hydrolysis reaction, and they begin to weaken and dematerialize the pulp and enamel of the molars or usually premolars.

Talking about a dental pit, this is a phenomenon that occurs either by birth or happens gradually with due course of time. In dentistry, the term “pit” is often used to describe fissures and natural dents on the tooth enamel.

A pit seems to be a very tiny depression that develops when teeth expand. Pits are most commonly observed in the tooth valleys.

They’re the tiny depressions or crevices where food gets trapped and deterioration begins due to bacterial development. Pores most often occur in the pits of the teeth, as well as in the gaps between them.

Comparison Table Between Cavity and Pit

Parameters of ComparisonCavityPit
MeaningCavities, also known as tooth decay or caries, are caused by a number of causes, including bacterial degradation of the enamel of teeth.As the name implies, a pit is a tiny depression, but in dentistry, it refers to the situation that occurs when natural fissures form on a growing tooth. 
CauseImproper dental care, not brushing regularly, Excessive sweet or acidic food consumption.By birth or by developing teeth caps.
TransformationCavities transform to lethal decay caries that cause gum loosening and tooth ache with loss of tooth.Can transform into cavities if not cleaned and brushed properly.
Preventive MeasuresRegular brushing, flossing and dental checkups.Applying sealants and brushing regularly.
Count1 out of 5 people has minute to risky untreated cavities.1 out of 4 people throughout the world population have minute to risky dental pits.

What is Cavity?

Cavities are small gaps or holes in the hard surface of the tooth that is damaged beyond repair.

Cavities, also known as tooth decay or caries, are caused by several causes, including germs in the mouth, excessive eating, drinking sweetened sodas, and not brushing your teeth thoroughly.

Cavities and dental decay are two of the most frequent health issues worldwide. Children, teens, and elderly individuals are more susceptible. Cavities may affect anybody with teeth, even newborns.

Cavities that aren’t fixed get stronger and harm different levels of your enamel if they aren’t cured. They can cause a lot of pain, inflammation, and loss of teeth.

Your best defense against dental problems is dental cleanings and dental checkup appointments and proper brushing and flossing practices.

The plaque causes cavities and it begins to take up the fissures of your teeth. Plaque is a sticky, transparent film that covers your teeth. It’s caused by a diet high in sweets and carbohydrates, as well as a lack of dental hygiene.

When carbs aren’t removed from your tooth, microbes feast on all of them, and plaque forms. Tartar may form when plaque remains on your teeth, either below or above the gum line (calculus).

Tartar renders plaque removal more hard and acts as a barrier for germs.

What is Pit?

The terminology “pit” is commonly used in dental science. As the name implies, a pit is a tiny depression, but in dentistry, it refers to the situation that occurs when natural fissures form on a growing tooth.

Because of their substrate specificity, pits or cracks on the incisal edges of primary molars are more prone to cavity formation than smooth surfaces, rendering dental care more difficult and leading to greater plaque buildup.

When compared to the enamel on smooth roofs, the enamel in pit and fractures cannot get the same level of fluoride protection.

Even though pits and crevices aid chewing, food can become trapped in these grooves.

If you don’t brush your teeth frequently, plaques, a microbial film that develops on your tooth, can build up here as well. Because it’s tough to reach these regions with your brush, food and debris can accumulate and cause cavities.

Preventing cavities in pits and fissures begins at home. Cleanse your teeth until at least two minutes thrice a day, particularly after big or anything else sweet meals.

While brushing your teeth, give particular attention to the grinding edges of your rear teeth, that are most prone to pits and fissure.

Main Differences Between Cavity and Pit

  1. Cavities occur when bacteria degrade the enamel of a single tooth, whereas pits usually occur between two teeth.
  2. Cavities occur as a result of poor dental health, whereas pits occur naturally or develop alongside permanent teeth growth.
  3. Cavities are harmful and must be cured as fast as possible whereas pits are not harmful, but if not cleaned properly, they can cause cavities.
  4. The cavity can be cured by operation whereas pit can be sealed with sealants and usually requires periodic changing.
  5. 1/5 people throughout the world have cavities that range from low to lethal risk whereas every 1/4 person has dental pits which are not considered as risky.
Difference Between Cavity and Pit


Any decaying portion of the teeth is referred to as a “cavity” in orthodontics. It is caused by the development of germs in the gaps in between teeth produced by decaying foodstuff.

A pit is a tiny indentation that already exists in the molars at the dental grooves that is among the most typical sites where cavities originate.

Cavities and tooth pits are so frequent that you could not even notice them. You could also believe that caries in children’s infant teeth is unimportant.

Cavities and pits, on the other hand, can have catastrophic and long-term consequences, even in youngsters who do not yet have their adult molars.


  1. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cavities/symptoms-causes/syc-20352892
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK448116/
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