Difference Between Denim and Jeans (With Table)

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Some people often use the words ‘denim’ and ‘jeans’ interchangeably when referring to the fashionable lower-wear garment. Others use the word ‘denim’ for a variety of different garments and accessories such as jackets, overalls, skirts, etc.

Denim vs Jeans

The difference between denim and jeans is that denim is a fabric that is made by spinning cotton fibre into yarn, dyeing it with indigo, and then further weaving it to make a cloth. Jeans are a kind of garment generally made from denim cloth. Jeans can be further dyed, digitally printed, or washed using many different techniques.

Another difference between the two is that the warp yarn on the front side of denim fabric is always blue in colour while the weft yarn on the back is white in colour. Jeans, however, can be dyed in a variety of different colours and shades.

Comparison Table Between Denim and Jeans

Parameters of ComparisonDenimJeans
MeaningDenim is a kind of fabric that is made by spinning cotton fiber into yarn, dying it with indigo, and then weaving it into cloth.Jeans are a kind of garment that are generally made from denim cloth.
ColorThe warp yarn on the front side of denim fabric is blue in colour while the weft yarn on the back is white in colour.Jeans can be dyed in a variety of different colours and shades.
CompositionDenim is made from 100 percent cotton. The fabric is twill weave woven.Jeans are commonly made from denim cloth but other synthetic fabrics may also be used to replicate denim.
Durability and weightDenim fabric is heavyweight and very durable.The weight and durability of jeans depend on how it has been processed. The garment generally turns out to be lighter than the denim fabric it was made from.
UsesDenim can be used to make a variety of apparel such as jackets, bags, overalls, skirts, shorts, etc.Jeans are one particular type of clothing that is used as lower-wear.

What is Denim?

Denim is a sturdy and rugged fabric that is used to make a variety of garments and accessories such as jackets, overalls, bags, skirts, shorts, and much more. Cotton that is grown in fields is spun into yarn, dyed with indigo, and then woven in warp-faced style to make a denim fabric.

The word ‘denim’ comes from the French name of the fabric, Serge de Nimes. Denim was first produced in the town of Nimes, France, in the seventeenth century. It gained popularity in the 1850s due to its durability and strength. Since then, denim has remained in wide use across the world.

Denim fabric is twill woven. It has diagonal lines that are created by an offset in warp threads. The warp yarn is generally dyed with Indigo while the weft yarn is left undyed. This results in a blue-coloured front side, and a white-coloured backside. The denim fabric has many variants. Some of the most popular ones include raw denim, stretch denim, sanforised denim, crushed denim, poly denim, and so on. These can be used in many ways to create clothing and accessories such as jackets, bags, jeans, skirts, shorts, overalls, and even car seat covers.

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Haggar Men's Stretch Denim... Haggar Men's Stretch Denim Expandable Waist Classic Fit Flat Front Pant, Medium Blue, 34Wx29L
Utyful Women's Casual Long... Utyful Women's Casual Long Sleeve Ripped Original Trucker Denim Jean Jacket Blue Medium
Wrangler Rugged Wear Men's... Wrangler Rugged Wear Men's Woodland Thermal Jean ,Stonewashed Denim,36x32

What are Jeans?

Jeans are a garment commonly made from pure denim fabric. In some cases, synthetic materials are either mixed with denim or are used to replicate the fabric entirely while producing jeans.

When denim fabric first became popular, it spread among many neighbours of Nimes including Italy. Over time, the city of Genoa became the world’s biggest producer of this warp-faced cotton weave style fabric. The French name for this city which is located in Italy is ‘Genes’, out of which the word ‘Jeans’ was derived.

Jeans were patented by Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis in the nineteenth century in the United States. These garments were first introduced as a copper riveted cotton trouser that was perfect for workers as it was very rugged. At present time, a typical pair of jeans features a zipper, a button, pockets on the front and back, belt loops, and copper rivets. These garments are available in high-rise, mid-rise, and low-waisted jeans and have different fittings such as baggy, skinny, etc.

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Levi's Men's 505 Regular Fit... Levi's Men's 505 Regular Fit Jeans, Dark Stonewash, 36W x 32L
Wrangler Authentics Men's... Wrangler Authentics Men's Classic 5-Pocket Regular Fit Cotton Jean, Stonewash Dark, 36W x 30L
Levi's Men's 569 Loose... Levi's Men's 569 Loose Straight Fit Jean Rugged 34W x 34L

Main Differences Between Denim and Jeans

  1. Denim is a kind of fabric while jeans are a garment.
  2. Denim is made by spinning cotton fibre into yarn, dyeing it with indigo, and then weaving it into denim cloth. Jeans are made from this denim cloth.
  3. Denim fabric is blue-coloured on the front and white-coloured on the back. On the other hand, jeans are dyed in many different colours, digitally printed, and washed using various techniques.
  4. Denim can be used to make a variety of garments and accessories while jeans are one particular type of garment that is categorized under denim clothes.
  5. Denim fabric is heavyweight, sturdy, rugged, and durable. On the other hand, jeans tend to be lightweight and less durable due to the way they are processed.

Conclusion

The difference between denim and jeans is simple. While denim is a fabric, jeans are a garment that is commonly produced with denim.

Denim is used by people across the world. It is popular for its durability and ruggedness. The denim fabric is used to make a large number of garments and accessories. In the 20th century, denim is even used to make home décor, car seat covers, drapes, pillows, and much more.

Jeans are a popular garment worn as lowers. They are available in many colours and shades, yet the blue colour remains dominating. Jeans are excellent casual wear for all genders. They do not get stained easily and thus need not be washed frequently.

An easy way to remember the difference between the two is that all denims are not jeans but all jeans have at least some amount of denim in them.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780857098436000019
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978085709843600007X

Last update on 2021-03-03 / Amazon Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API