# Difference Between Ohmic and Non-Ohmic Conductors

An important law to establish the relationship between current, voltage and resistance was given by Georg Ohm which was named as Ohm’s law which is given as follows-

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Science Quiz

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A bond that occurs between metals and nonmetals is called a/an _______________.

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A chemical reaction where energy is released is called:

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What is the function of root hair cells?

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DNA carries the instructions for an organism to grow. DNA stands for.....

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After a chemical reaction, the properties of the products are __________.

V= I * R

Where V stands for voltage, I for current and R for resistance.

While designing the electrical devices it is important to keep in mind the ohm’s law such that the current and voltage of them are within specifications.

Conductors are of two types namely, ohmic conductors and non-ohmic conductors. Ohmic conductors are the conductors that follow Ohm’s law that is their resistance remains the same on changing the current and voltage.

## Ohmic vs Non-Ohmic Conductors

The difference between Ohmic and Non-Ohmic conductors is that the ohmic conductors are the ones that follow Ohm’s law, that is, they have a constant resistance when the current across them is increased or the voltage in them is varied while non-ohmic conductors are those that do not follow ohm’s law, that us, their resistance varies with varying conditions of current, voltage and temperature.

## What are Ohmic Conductors?

The ohmic conductors follow ohm’s law implying that the resistance of the conductor remains constant while varying current and voltage. In other words, it can be said that the relationship between the current and the voltage is linear.

When plotted on a graph, the slope of the current and voltage for ohmic conductors comes out to be a straight line. One of the drawbacks of the ohmic conductors is that they lose their properties when they are operated in ranges other than specified.

The examples of the ohmic conductors are metals, resistors, etc. When the current flows through the resistor, it is directly proportional to the voltage or it can be said that they have a linear relationship.

## What are Non-ohmic Conductors?

The non-ohmic conductors are those which do not follow ohm’s law. Not following ohm’s law means that their resistance is variable, it varies according to the change in current, voltage of temperature.

Graphically speaking, the slope of the current and voltage for non-ohmic conductors is not a straight line but it is a curved line. The properties of non-ohmic conductors also vary according to the change in temperature.

In filament lamps, if the voltage is continuously increased but the currents doesn’t increase beyond a particular value then it is said to be non-ohmic.

## Main Differences Between Ohmic and Non-Ohmic Conductors

1. Conductors follow ohm’s law only in the temperature range for which they are designed, they lose their properties when operated on a higher temperature which is more than the specified range while in non-ohmic conductors the resistance of the conductor varies with the varying temperature.
2. Examples of ohmic conductors are metals and resistors while the examples of non-ohmic conductors are diodes, transistors, semiconductors, etc.