# Difference Between Di-Electric Constant And Polarity

Di-Electric constant and polarity are two terms used in the physics branch of science. The topics are diverse though both the terms are interconnected somehow. But there are many differences among them. In this article, the main differences, definitions, and comparisons between the two terms are mentioned.

## Di-Electric Constant vs Polarity

The main difference between the dielectric constant and polarity is that the dielectric constant is a ratio while polarity is a binary attribute. The dielectric constant is the property of a material to store or hold electric potential energy, under an electric field. While on the other hand, polarity is the directional flow of electrons from one pole to another.

The dielectric constant is the ratio of the electric permeability of material and the electric permeability of a vacuum. It is denoted as εr(ω), and sometimes it is denoted as κ. It explains how the electric field impacts the dielectric environment. And is measured by specialized devices directly.

Polarity is the quality of an object with opposite powers or charges, flowing in opposite directions. There are two poles- negative and positive. And polarity is the directional flow of electrons, so electrons can have a negative polarity or a positive polarity. A magnet, an electric field, and a magnetic field, all have a polarity.

## What is Di-Electric Constant?

The dielectric constant is also known as relative permittivity. It is the ratio of absolute permittivity to that of vacuum permittivity. The dielectric constant is denoted by K. The formula is written as, K = E/Eo, where Eo is dielectric and E is the net field. The larger the value of the dielectric constant will mean that more charge can be stored. Also, E is always less than or equal to Eo.

A dielectric is an insulating material and so the dielectric constant measures the ability of the material to hold or store electric energy in an electric field of an insulator. Though the dielectric constant can also be measured by a capacitor, it is the ratio of capacitance using material as a dielectric of a capacitor to the vacuum as the dielectric of a capacitor.

The dielectric constant is dimensionless and is a complex quantity. It is an important factor in the designing of capacitors. To increase the capacitance of a capacitor the dielectric constant or relative permittivity is increased. This is because the magnitude of the magnetic field decreases within the volume of the dielectric when a material with high permittivity is placed in an electric field.

The dielectric materials are insulators but they can efficiently support the electrostatic field. These days it is easy to measure the dielectric constant through specialized devices like BI-870.

## What is Polarity?

Polarity is a term that is used widely in electricity, and magnetism. Polarity determines the direction of the flow of electrons. It is the quality of an object with opposite powers exhibiting contrasted powers in opposite directions. Since there are two poles which are positive and negative, there can be a positive polarity or negative polarity.

The electrical polarity of an object is determined by the number of electrons present in an object. When we provide a constant electrical potential between two different plates or objects, one of them will have low electrons as compared to the other. And this object with low electrons will have a positive polarity. While the other object with more electrons will be having a negative polarity. The polarity will produce an electric current when these two objects get connected with a conductive bond as the electrons will flow from negative to positive.

The polarity of an object can be determined by using a carbon or metallic electrode. In electricity, the polarity of the DC electric circuits does not change while the polarity of AC electric circuits can change based on the frequency of the electricity. The devices which are used to measure the polarity are analog voltmeters, test light, etc. are used. And to test polarity in an AC system, a dual-trace oscilloscope is used.

## Main Differences Between Di-Electric Constant And Polarity

1. The dielectric constant is the ability or property of a material to hold an electrical charge, while, Polarity is the directional flow of electrons.
2. The dielectric materials are insulators i.e. they are poor conductors of electric currents while the polarity can create an electric current.
3. Di-electric constant has no unit or dimension. While polarization has unit and dimension.
4. The dielectric constant is measured directly by specialized devices like BI-870. And to measure polarity device like dual-trace oscilloscope is used.
5. The dielectric constant is the ratio of dielectric permeability of the medium to that of the dielectric permeability in a vacuum. While polarity is determined by experimentally using carbon or metallic electrode.

## Conclusion

Di-electric constant and polarity are two terms that we study in the physics branch of science. Though the topics are interconnected there are many differences. The dielectric constant is the ratio of absolute permittivity to that of vacuum permittivity. And the higher the absolute permittivity of material the more it polarizes.

The dielectric constant is the potential of a material to hold an electric charge. And since the dielectric is an insulator, the dielectric constant measure the ability to hold or store electric energy in an electric field of an insulator. It is the relative permittivity.

On the other hand, polarity is the ability that manifests two opposite tendencies. The polarity is determined by the number of electrons present in the poles. It is determined through the properties in opposite parts of a body or system.

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