Difference Between Embassy and Ambassador

An embassy focuses on the diplomatic mission of one state in the other countries. It includes aspects such as political, social, and cultural. It is the single permanent body responsible for representing the country abroad with the help of ambassadors. Delhi, India’s capital, is a host of 152 embassies and 18 other representations.

An ambassador heads the Embassy. He/she is the representative of the highest rank of that country. An ambassador is responsible for taking actions in alignment with the interest of the country he/she is working for. Ambassadors act as a means for the development of friendly relationships between countries. But the meaning of ambassador is not limited to representing a country. An ambassador is simply a person who is representative. This can be for a country or a brand.

Embassy vs Ambassador

The main difference between the Embassy and Ambassador is that an Embassy refers to an organization and is only a single unit. In contrast, an ambassador is a person that heads the Embassy. Embassies are specifically for countries, whereas there are many types of ambassadors such as brand ambassadors, etc.

Embassy VS Ambassador

The term embassy and ambassador are very different from each other in terms of the things/people they refer to, but the purpose served by both is the same, that is, to foster harmony and take care of critical issues.


Comparison Table Between Embassy and Ambassador (in Tabular Form)

Parameter of ComparisonEmbassyAmbassador
MeaningIt is a group of people or an organization that represents a state in another country.It is the highest rank minister sent to foreign courts for the representation of the country.
ReferenceIt is used to refer to an organization or a group of people.It refers to a single person who is a minister.
RelationshipIt is headed by an Ambassador.An Ambassador has a duty/function to perform towards the Embassy.
NumberAn embassy is a single body.There can be multiple ambassadors.
PermanenceIt is a permanent body.Ambassadors can be dismissed/changed by the President.
ExampleIndian Embassy, Japanese Embassy, etc.UN ambassador – Susan Rice, Indian Ambassador – Taranjit Singh Sidhu, etc.


What is Embassy?

An Embassy is an organization that represents a state’s mission abroad and helps to foster harmony and peace between countries. It is one single unit headed by an Ambassador. It promotes the diplomatic mission of the country. The world’s first Embassy came into being in the 13th century in Milan, Northern Italy.

Embassies can be extremely helpful in case you get sick in a foreign country or get involved in a serious crime being a victim abroad. Their primary function is to facilitate communication and to assist the national citizens abroad.

Each country has its own Embassy for representing their state in other countries. It focuses on the diplomatic mission of one state in the other countries encompassing the aspects of social, political, and cultural needs. These address critical issues and try to avoid conflicts among nations by appointing ambassadors in various countries. Examples of embassies can be the Indian Embassy, Japanese Embassy, U.S. Embassy, Embassy of France, Embassy of the People’s Republic of China, etc.


Who is Ambassador?

Ambassador is the highest rank officer given the charge of heading the Embassy and representing the country abroad. This is in case the ambassador is the head of the Embassy. A person can also be a brand ambassador. The primary function of an ambassador is to represent the organization that he/she has been chosen as an ambassador.

Ambassadors have multiple responsibilities. Their topmost priority is to take action in alignment with the diplomatic mission of the country and minimize conflicts. Their responsibility is to protect the nation’s interest in the country they are posted in and to make sure that friendly relationships are developing between the respective country and their Embassy.

There can be various ambassadors placed in different countries to promote relationships between the nations. Still, these ambassadors can be dismissed by the President whenever he/she wishes to do so.

They tend to deal with all the critical issues, but at times their power can be limited. Some examples of ambassadors are Harsh Vardhan Shringla (India), John R. Bass (United States), William F. Hagerty (Japan), etc.


Main Differences Between Embassy and Ambassador

  1. An embassy is an organization that protects the nation’s interest and promotes the diplomatic policy of the country abroad, whereas an ambassador is the highest rank representative of a country.
  2. An embassy is a permanent body, whereas an ambassador can be changed. This takes place on the President’s orders.
  3. An embassy is a single body, but there can be multiple ambassadors in different countries posted to foster friendly relationships.
  4. An embassy is usually formed for a nation, whereas an ambassador can promote a country’s or even a brand’s interest.
  5. An Embassy is headed by an Ambassador, whereas an Ambassador is a person responsible for carrying out activities in the interest of the nation’s relationship with other countries.



The main difference between Embassy and ambassador is that one term refers to an organization, whereas the other term refers to a person. They serve the same purpose, and the term embassy and ambassador are related.

An embassy fosters the interest of the country and tries to avoid conflict with other countries. Their main aim is to make friendly relationships and take care of the native citizens in other countries. Their primary tool to do so is communication.

Ambassador is any person appointed to represent an organization. It can be a country or a brand. A country’s ambassador is responsible for managing critical issues and using friendship to create diplomatic relationships with the country they are posted in.

An ambassador’s tenure is subject to the President’s order, but an embassy cannot be dissolved simply. Embassies are essential for every country. Another related term is a consulate, which has a different function from that of an embassy. Embassies are means to represent the government of a country.


  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1807749/
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=UVQAAQAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=Embassy+and+Ambassador&ots=yYHrncH_19&sig=xmWCNCuuDKaNRlnXW4lx5OYwR4w
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