Difference between Fishing and Mining

Economic activities are human actions that contribute to the creation of income. These activities are divided into three categories: primary, secondary, and tertiary.

The extraction of natural resources or raw materials from the earth is the primary sector’s concern. The economic operations of a primary sector are usually influenced by the nature of the location.

This industry comprises the use of earth’s resources (land, plants, water and minerals). As a result, it comprises activities like hunting, forestry, agriculture, fishing, and mining.

These activities provide raw resources and staple foods such as coal, wood, iron, and corn.

Fishing vs Mining

The main difference between Fishing and Mining is that Fishing is an activity related to capturing of fishes and other aquatic animals from the natural water bodies of the earth. While mining is different in nature as compared to fishing. It is the extraction of minerals, stones, clay and other materials from the crust of the Earth.

Fishing vs Mining

Fishing is among the most important primary industries in the world. It comprises a variety of tasks, including shipping, selling, conserving, marketing, and processing fish products.

Industrial fish farming is growing the fastest in the world food production system, supplying over half of the world’s seafood.

Mining refers to the extraction of raw materials from the earth, such as rocks and metals, minerals, and gemstones. Mining also includes non-renewable resources such as natural gas and petroleum.

The modern mining process entails calculating the potential value of a mining enterprise, identifying ore resources, and extracting precious metals.

The secondary industry is likewise heavily reliant on mining for raw materials in order to manufacture and create a diverse range of vital products.

Comparison Table between Fishing and Mining

MeaningActivity of catching fishesActivity of Extracting minerals from the core of the earth
Where it takes placeTakes place in rivers, lakes, seas and oceansTakes place in crust of the earth
UsageUsed as a foodUsed as industrial raw material  
DistributionFound everywhere in water bodies

Highly uneven distribution

Availability depends onAvailability of fish depends on the nature of coast line, cool climate, cold and warm ocean water currents etc  Availability of minerals depends on geological structure

What is Fishing ?

The activity of catching a fish is known as fishing. Fish are commonly captured in the wild, and they’re often captured in bodies of water that have been stocked.

Hand collection, spearing, netting, angling, and trapping are all methods of catching fish. “Fishing” also refers to the capture of aquatic organisms other than fish.

Although, this term is not commonly used to denote the capture of farmed fish or sea mammals like whales, whereby the phrase whaling is more appropriate for that.

Fishing is done for recreational, as well as commercial purposes.

The fishing industry deals with catching, and then cultivating, processing, storing, transporting, advertising, or trading fish or its products.

The objective behind commercial fishing is to satisfy the demand of fishes and seafood for human consumption, and for its use in various industrial processes as raw material.

Fisheries not only provide a source of food and employment for communities like fishing villages, but a feeling of collective cultural identity.

Particular places are considered fishing hotspots, where anglers go on holiday or compete. Visitors’ economic impact on fishing may be a substantial, if not primary, contributor of tourism earnings for some destinations.

Fishing even had an influence on various religions like Hinduism, Christianity, as well as a variety of new age religions.

An ever-increasing demand of global population for fish as a source of food has resulted in over-exploitation of already depleted fisheries.

Empty oceans indicate empty stomachs – and, as a result, empty purses for all who depend on fishing for a living. As a result, a more sustainable method for fishing is urgently needed.

What Is Mining ?

The extraction of precious minerals and other geologic elements from the Earth, typically from that of an ore body, vein, lode, reef, seam, or placer deposit, is known as mining.

Often, those materials that cannot be cultivated through agricultural methods or generated mechanically in a laboratory or industry must be obtained through mining.

Mining, in a broader sense, means extraction of non-renewable resources (like petroleum or natural gas).

Exploring for ore bodies, analyzing the economic potential of a mine, collection of the needed materials, and final restoration of the land when the mine is closed are all part of modern mining processes.

The financial viability of investing in the technology, personnel, and energy needed to extract, purify, and transfer the materials found at the mine by manufacturers who can utilize the material, determines the economic viability of exploitation of these resources for raw material.

Metals, dimension stone, coal, gemstones, limestone, chalk, rock salt, gravel, and clay are among the ores extracted by mining.

Mining is often quite harmful to the environment. It is a driver of deforestation. Trees and vegetation are cut and burned in order to mine.

Large scale mining projects employ massive bulldozers and excavators to collect metals and minerals from the soil when the earth is completely bare.

They use chemicals such as cyanide or mercury to combine the extracts. These chemicals are commonly dumped into streams, rivers, bays, and oceans after passing through pipes.

This contamination pollutes all living organisms in the body of water, ultimately affecting the people who are dependent on fish for the main source of protein and economic survival.

Main Differences Between Fishing and Mining

  1. Fishing means the activity of catching or collecting fishes, and Mining is an activity in which various kinds of minerals are extracted from the earth.
  2. Fishing takes place at natural water bodies such as lakes, rivers, and oceans. On the other hand, mining takes place in the crust of the Earth.
  3. Fishes and other aquatic animals derived from fishing are generally used as food. While the extracted minerals and materials from mining are used as raw materials by various industries, and are processed by them to reach the final consumers.
  4. Fishes can be found everywhere in water bodies but for mining the distribution is highly uneven as minerals can’t be found everywhere inside earth’s crust. Minerals are only found at some particular places.
  5. Suitability of a place for fishing depends on the availability of fishes, which consequently depends on various factors such as nature of coast line, cool climate, cold and warm ocean water currents etc. And availability of minerals depends on the geological structure of a place.


Both Fishing and Mining are very different activities, having completely different procedures and commercial market. but both are an important part of an economy and plays an important role in economic growth.

Both contribute to a country’s gross domestic product (GDP). But besides that they both have their own drawbacks too.

Even though at the face of it mining looks more dangerous to the environment but the truth is both are impacting negatively to the Eco-system, which needs to be addressed by the nations.


  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.2989/1814232X.2012.749595
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016718521000208

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