Difference Between Globalization and Capitalism

An economic system is a crucial structure within which a country or state functions. Without it, there would be utter indisposition and chaos among people and organizations. However, not all systems work in the same way or have similar effects. Globalization and capitalism are two concepts related to this subject.

Globalization vs Capitalism

The main difference between globalization and capitalism is that globalization is a general term that refers to people, organizations, and governments from different parts of the world interacting and integrating together. On the other hand, capitalization is a specific term that refers to an economic system in which people have private ownership over different means of production, through which they can generate profit for themselves.

Globalization vs Capitalism

Since the 18th century, globalization has become more and more popular. A reason for this is the advancement in the fields of communication, technology, and transportation. Each of them has helped people across the world connect with each other. As a result, there has been an exponential development in world trade, and even cultural exchange.

However, unlike globalization, which is a broad concept, capitalism is a specific kind of economic system. It could be traced back to the 16th century, after which it rose to massive prominence. Most parts of the world have adopted capitalism in today’s time. As a result, there is massive competition between private business owners.

Comparison Table Between Globalization and Capitalism

Parameters of ComparisonGlobalizationCapitalism
MeaningIt refers to people, organizations, and governments from different parts of the world interacting and integrating together.It refers to an economic system in which people have private ownership over different means of production, through which they can generate profit.
NatureIt is a general and broad term with several contexts.It is a specific type of economic system.
OriginIt can be traced back to the 18th century.In its earliest forms, it can be traced back to the 16th century.
EffectIt has led to an exponential development in world trade and even cultural exchange.It has led to massive competition between private business owners.
CriticismIt is argued that globalization has caused inter-ethnic tension, violence, and glorification of the west.It is argued that capitalism is unstable, exploitive, anti-democratic, and inefficient.

What is Globalization?

In the 18th century, there was massive development in communication, transport, and technology. This enabled people from across the world to communicate, exchange ideas and cultures, and even carry out international trade. Such a concept was termed globalization. It essentially involved the process of different countries connecting and working with one another.

Primarily, globalization can be looked at as an economic affair, as it does have enormous influences on economies. However, there are various cultural and social aspects related to it as well. The internet has facilitated a worldwide consumption of popular cultural media. It has led to the exchange of ideas, beliefs, and even religions.

A great example of globalization is the modern Olympic Games in which more than 200 nations participate. Another example is the FIFA World Cup which is viewed by people on an international level.

However, many people have criticized globalization as well. It is often argued that the process has led to inter-ethnic tension between different countries because of political, and sometimes even religious reasons. This has caused a lot of violence and misfortune. Moreover, people even argue that 3rd world countries end up glorifying the west, which has led to a downfall in their own local cultures.

What is Capitalism?

Unlike globalization, capitalism is a specific kind of economic system. It can be traced back to the 16the century when the feudal agricultural system was breaking down and fewer people were able to own private lands. In today’s time, however, capitalism has become one of the most popular models for an economy.

It essentially refers to a system in which people own private lands and businesses. Here, they are able to conduct the production of goods and services. As a result, they can generate profit for themselves. The system allows these people to make decisions and investments based on their own abilities and wealth.

A great example of a capitalistic economy in Hong Kong. Despite being a part of the special administrative region of China, it has a separate economy. It is one of the most competitive markets in the world, in which people from all over the world trade and invest.

However, there has been widespread criticism and even anti-capitalistic movements. This is because many people believe it to be unstable, exploitive, anti-democratic, and inefficient. People argue that it ignores social welfare, makes the rich richer, and the poor poorer. To support this statement, there have been many examples of exploitation of human rights in factories that mass-produce goods.

Main Differences Between Globalization and Capitalism

  1. Globalization refers to people, organizations, and governments from different parts of the world interacting and integrating together whereas capitalism refers to an economic system in which people have private ownership over different means of production, through which they can generate profit.
  2. Globalization is a general and broad term with several contexts whereas capitalism is a specific type of economic system.
  3. Globalization can be traced back to the 18th century whereas capitalism, in its earliest forms, can be traced back to the 16th century.
  4. Globalization has led to an exponential development in world trade, and even cultural exchange whereas capitalism has led to massive competition between private business owners.
  5. Globalization is believed to have caused inter-ethnic tension, violence, and glorification of the west whereas capitalism is believed to be unstable, exploitive, anti-democratic, and inefficient.

Conclusion

Globalization and capitalism are two different concepts related to economics. While globalization is a process of world integration and international trade systems, capitalism is a specific economic system that involves the privatization of businesses for profit. Each of them has been implemented throughout the world in different situations. However, there have been many limitations.

It is often argued that globalization has caused inter-ethnic tension, violence, and glorification of the west. Meanwhile, capitalism is believed to be unstable, exploitive, anti-democratic, and inefficient. Another major difference between the two is that the concept of globalization rose to prominence much later than capitalism did.

References

  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1163/156916304322981668
  2. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0022343313497739
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