Difference Between Gorilla and Ape (With Table)

According to recent studies, scientists have found that 8.7 million species of animals are there on earth, and these counts change every day. Therefore the classification of animals is a very tough task. On the most basic level, scientists have classified animals into six categories that are invertebrates, fish, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, and birds.

The primate is a subgroup of mammals that includes, Apes and are categorized into two subgroups: the Lesser Apes and the Great Apes. Therefore, the Gorillas are separate genus within the Apes. And Gorillas are the largest living primates on the earth according, to recent studies.

Gorilla vs Ape

The difference between Gorilla and Ape is that Gorilla comes under the subgroup of Apes known as the great apes and is divided into two species called the Western Gorilla and the Eastern Gorilla. And Apes are divided into two categories, the Great Apes also, known as Hominoids, and the Lesser Apes, also known as Hylobatidae.

Gorillas are the biggest primates and are herbivores in nature but, sometimes they also eat termites, ants, and other small insects or species. Gorillas are larger as compared to other Apes and live in groups led by a dominant male group of Gorillas. And they share ninety-eight percent of DNA with human beings.

Apes are normally seen in African and Asian continents. They have lots of characteristics of humans and possess subtle human body structures. Humans and other Apes share a common Ape like ancestors. Apes are omnivores which means that they eat both meat and plants.

Comparison Table Between Gorilla and Ape

Parameters of ComparisonGorilla Ape
DefinitionGorillas are subunits of Apes. Unlike other Apes, Gorillas are ground-dwelling Apes found in the tropical rainforest of Africa. By definition, an Ape is a large anthropoid, does not have a tail, and has long arms.
Size and ShapeGorillas are large when compared to Apes and have larger stomachs than their chest area. The lesser Apes are small in size while the great Apes are large.
Number of SpeciesThere is a total of two species of gorillas five thousand eastern gorillas and three lakh sixteen thousand western gorillas. There are twenty living species of Apes in the world including the Gorillas.
Life spanGorillas possess an average life span of between thirty-five to forty years. Each Ape has a different life span, the life span of a chimpanzee is 39 years while that of a monkey is 29 to 30 years, etc.
HabitatGorillas are usually found in lowland rainforests and some of them are found in bamboo forests also.Mostly found in the tropical rainforest area of Aisa, central America, South America, etc.

What is Gorilla?

Gorillas are categorized under the great apes. Gorillas live in a small family group, and the leader of the group is called the silverback, which is the strongest in the group and protects the whole family. The offspring of Gorillas are called infants. Like other mammals, the infant Gorillas are fed by drinking their mother’s milk.

All Gorillas have opposable thumbs and have no tail, and can recognize the differences in a human voice. The skin of Gorillas is dark, while the hairs are dark brown or brown-grey. The Gorillas also use sticks as a tool to search for food or prey. They mainly costume vegetarian diet like bamboo, fruits, and plants, etc.

Gorillas are very social and do not express much aggression. It is very rare to see the Gorillas fighting for food. Usually, the Gorillas are quadruplets, mammals who walk on four legs.

What is Ape?

The Apes originated approximately 2.5 million years ago in Africa and are the nearest human relatives. There are two categories of Apes, the Great Apes, which are found in Africa and Asia, and the Lesser Apes, which are found in the evergreen tropical rainforest of Asia.

The Great Apes example comprises Gorillas, Chimpanzees, orangutans, and human beings. As the name describes, Great Apes are larger as compared to Lesser Apes and are ground-dwelling Apes. The example of Lesser Apes comprises gibbons and siamangs and, both are small in size. And their diet also differs from each other.

All Apes live in a small family group, just like humans. Apes also gave birth to their offspring after a gestation period of eight and a half months and took care of their babies for many years.

Main Differences Between Gorilla and Ape

  1. Gorillas are ground-dwelling Apes having strong body structures and average arms size. Whereas Ape is a large anthropoid, does not have a tail, and has long arms.
  2. Apes are mostly found in the tropical rainforest area of Aisa, central America, South America, etc. While Gorillas are usually found in lowland rainforests, and some of them are found in bamboo forests also.
  3. Gorillas possess an average life span of between thirty-five to forty years. Whereas each Ape has a different life span, the life span of a chimpanzee is 39 years while that of a monkey is 29 to 30 years, etc.
  4. There are twenty living species of Apes in the world, including the Gorillas. While there is a total of two species of Gorillas, Eastern Gorillas, and Western Gorillas.
  5. Gorilla possesses a domed skull and a small brain but is more intelligent than Apes. Whereas Apes have rounded skulls and large brain sizes.

Conclusion

After humans, Apes are considered to be the smartest mammals on earth and have a high brain-to-body size ratio which means a high level of intelligence. The Apes can communicate with humans in sign languages. Gorillas are categorized as Apes but have a different genus.

Gorillas are different from other Apes in terms of size, physical body structure, and intelligence. Gorillas share some percent of their genetic code with human beings. There are three lakh sixteen thousand Western and five thousand Eastern Gorillas are left in the World. Mountain Gorillas are the most endangered species among Gorillas.

References

  1. https://philpapers.org/rec/POVFPF
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=YgGzvE5QfUcC&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=gorillas&ots=kg-Smu4OwX&sig=QwnNW6s3BmY39gvpuFfUuyChfis
x
2D vs 3D