Difference Between Honeycomb and Segregation

Ever came across a cement wall that is left out in the air for months or even years? That weird granulated cemented walls that are exposed to water and air often start flooding.

In some cement types, the percentage of ground granulated furnace can increase wall bleeding rate by extending the setting time due to a longer time setting.

These granulated walls are often termed as honeycomb and segregation, but in reality, they are both different and are not interchangeable.

Honeycomb vs Segregation

The main difference between honeycomb and segregation is that honeycomb refers to the cavities left by the settlement of cement on the wall and also in the wall where cement could not penetrate. On the other hand, segregation refers to a phenomenon where the cement paste comes at the top of the surface and the aggregates settle at the bottom.

Honeycomb vs Segregation

Honeycomb formation on cement or concrete appears to be nests of the honey bee. The main cause of honeycombs in concrete is bad vibrations and poor workability.

As soon as the shuttering is removed, honeycombs that are on the sides are easily visible to the naked eye.

In addition to segregation, the cement paste also rises to the top and aggregates settle at the bottom of the surface it is applied to.

This occurs due to over-vibration and compaction of cement, in which concrete is a primary constituent. This makes the quality of the wall very low and hence, needs to be fixed as soon as possible.

Comparison Table Between Honeycomb and Segregation

Parameters of ComparisionHoneycombSegregation
Definitionthe cavities left by the settlement of cement on the wall and also in the wall where cement could not penetrate.a phenomenon where the cement paste comes at the top of the surface and the aggregates settle at the bottom.
Factors of the causeOversized aggregateExcessive water.
PreventionDon’t use very stiff cement.Don’t use less amount of concrete.
TreatmentAdd substitutes of cement in equal proportion.Reapply the cement paste in the parts where segregation is seen.
After effectsCan half the life of the building.Can make it the wall acquire algae and other bacterial growth.

What is Honeycomb?

Honeycomb formation on cement or concrete appears to be nests of the honey bees. The main cause of honeycombs in concrete is bad vibrations long with poor workability i.e. the workers did not do their job following the guidelines.

As soon as the shuttering is removed, honeycombs that are on the sides are easily visible to the naked eye. There are a lot of reasons which can cause honeycombing.

Inappropriate vibration is one of the main factors that lead to concrete defects on the surface of the walls. Holes and other minute cavities inside the concrete will form honeycombs just like the nest of the bees.

Due to improper vibrating and oversize aggregate, voids occur when concrete is poured onto the wall, causing a honeycomb structure. Some other reasons for honeycombing are

  • Unprofessional vibrations during pouring of concrete or cement on the surface of the wall.
  • Reinforcement bars were not applied adequately or covered adequately.
  • Use of very stiff concrete along with mixed proportions of concrete.
  • Excessive use of aggregates.

This honeycomb structure should last for half as long as the projected life of the building, which is between 20 and 30 years. Hence, it reduces the life of the wall, and in severe cases, it has the life of the building.

What is Segregation?

The term segregation means the separation of constituent materials in concrete. There are many classifications of the stages of segregation but one major classification concludes three types of segregation.

The first one is the extraction of coarse aggregate from cement mix. The second one is the dissolution of cement paste from concrete at the stage where it is plastic.

The third one is the process of separating water from concrete (Bleeding in concrete). Fine and coarse aggregates are mixed with cement to form concrete.

To form a homogeneous mix, all the constituents of concrete must be properly categorized. Having different specific gravities of constituents is the primary cause of segregation in concrete.

Segregation occurs when the large mixed proportionate aggregate particles settle and leave a clumpy sand cement mix on top, automatically leading to degraded quality.

To overcome these problems caused by segregation, a fine aggregate with an equal proportion of the substitutes could be used. To achieve the required strength, however, the design mix must be such that it can be implemented.

In the same way, keeping in mind the local material specifications, the water ratio may be taken into account in the design mix to prevent bleeding of the concrete prepared.

Main Differences Between Honeycomb and Segregation

  • Honeycomb refers to the bee nest structure formed on the concrete wall whereas segregation refers to the bleeding of the wall.
  • Honeycomb can be treated by applying a fine mixture of the cement substitutes in the holes whereas a whole new layer of cement is applied to treat segregation.
  • Honeycomb is caused by using oversized aggregates whereas segregation is caused by using excessive water.
  • Honeycomb can half the life of the wall whereas segregation can allow bacterial growth on the wall.
  • Honeycomb can be prevented by not using stiff cement whereas segregation can be prevented by using enough cement or by not using excessive water.

Conclusion

Even though both honeycomb and segregation belong to the same family of problems and that is cement and wall building, both have different meanings and treatment.

People often use them interchangeably but they both have similar yet unique factors. Honeycomb refers to the bee nest structure formed on the concrete wall whereas segregation refers to the bleeding of the wall.

Nevertheless, one thing is for sure, they both are cancerous for the wall and should be treated as soon as possible and when left untreated, they can affect the life of the building and one may never know when will the building fall on its own.

References

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