Difference Between India and Canada

India and Canada both are large countries with some major cultural differences and ways of life. Both countries elect Prime Ministers and are Parliamentary democracies.


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India is a country in South Asia, and Canada is a country in the northern part of North America.

Both countries have significant differences based on area, population, regions, languages, currency, capital, location, literacy rate, lifestyle, and many more.

India vs Canada

The difference between India and Canada is that India is situated in the southern part of Asia. On the other hand, Canada is a country situated in North America. The population of India is larger than the population of Canada. India is the 7th largest country by land area in the world. While Canada is the 2nd largest country area. The cost of living in Canada is considerably higher in comparison to India.

India vs Canada

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India is a vast country with religious diversity and rich in culture. This country has the most populous democracy in the world, and New Delhi is its capital of it. In Hindi, it is known as Bharat.

It is the seventh-largest country by area. India is bounded by the Arabian Sea on the southwest, the Indian Ocean on the south, the Himalayas in the north, and on the southeast the bay of Bengal.

The west part of India shares the land borders with Pakistan.

Canada is a country in North America, and it is the second-largest country by total land area. It shares the world’s longest land border with the United States.

Ottawa is the capital of Canada has three big metropolitan areas that are Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal. Canada is the ninth-largest economy in the world, and 67.2% of the total population believes in Christianity.

Comparison Table

Parameters of Comparison  India  Canada  
Location  South Asia  North America  

New Delhi is the capital of the state.  Ottawa is the capital of the state.  
Official Language  Hindi and English are two official languages.  French and English  
Popular Sport  Cricket is a famous sport in India.  Ice Hockey is Canada’s popular sport.  
Religion  80% Hinduism  67.2% Christianity  
Currency  Indian Rupee  Canadian Dollar  
National Day  15 August  1 July  

What is India? 

India is a South Asian country and the most populous democracy in the world. It is officially known as the Republic of India or Bharat Ganarajyaa.

India is mostly popular for various aspects such as food, culture, languages, classical songs, dance forms, natural beauty, and the Bollywood Industry.

New Delhi is the national capital of India which is situated in the north-central part of the country near the west bank of the river Yamuna.

The Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama was the first European who reached India via the Atlantic Ocean.

Hinduism is the main religion of the country India. Apart from that, there are so many people of other religions such as Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, and Jains.

In India, there are uncountable castes and tribes. Generally, Hindi is the official language of India, but there are hundreds of regional languages also.

India is also famous for its architecture, like various Hindu temples and Tajmahal. In India, we can observe a huge diversity in food, and it has been appreciated widely for its fabulous use of spices and herbs.

Some famous Indian dishes are Dosa, Idli, Vada pav, Fuchka, Chaat, Dhokla, Biriyani, Jalebi, Rasagulla, Laddu, Butter chicken, Kebabs, Indian curry, Pulao, etc.

India is undoubtedly one of the most religiously, ethnically, and culturally diverse nations in the world. India celebrates its holidays and festivals of various regions in a great manner.

There are several popular religious festivals, including Holi, Diwali, Durga Puja, Navratri, Ratha Yatra, Janmashtami, Rakshabandhan, Ganesh Chaturthi, Shivratri, Ugadi, Dussehra, etc.

Eid, Christmas is also celebrated by all. Traditional clothing in India varies across the different parts of the country.

Some of them are Sari, salwar-kameez, dupatta, Ghagra, sherwani, dhoti Punjabi and they use ornaments and accessories like bindi, earrings, bangles, Mehendi, payel, etc.

What is Canada?

Canada is the second-largest country in the world in area. It is one of the most sparsely populated countries situated in North America. Ottawa is the capital of Canada.

Canada shares a western and southern border with the United States. Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver are the three largest metropolitan cities of Canada. Almost 67.2% of the total population believes in Christianity.

The total land area of Canada is almost 9 984 670 km². Additionally, Canada is a parliamentary democracy, and the head of the country is the Prime Minister. Moreover, Canada is a highly developed country.

Canada is considered the tenth largest economy in the world. The economic integration of Canada has increased significantly with the United States. Ice hockey is Canada’s national winter sport.

It’s a perfect country for travel and trips, it has stunning landscapes. Canada is also famous for Canadian foods like Poutine, Tourtiere, Bannock, Butter Tarts, Smoked meat, Peameal Bacon, Salmon, Nanaimo Bars, Ketchup, Chips, etc.

Maple syrup is one of the most famous things in Canada, 80% of the world’s maple syrup is produced in Canada. Canada is absolutely an excellent country where we can see northern lights or aurora borealis.

The northern lights attract travelers from all over the world on holidays to Canada. Canada has so many beautiful lakes, such as Lake Louise and Moraine Lake.

Canada has almost 40 national parks, and they offer the best wildlife viewing opportunities. This country is also famous for the dramatic scenery of the massive Rocky Mountain range.

Main Differences Between India and Canada

  1. India is the most populous democracy in the world, and it has a population of nearly 1,352,642,280. On the other hand, Canada is a less populated country than India, has a population of around 38, 048 738.
  2. India is a country in South Asia. On the other hand, Canada is a country in North America.
  3. India is the 7th largest country by total land area. On the other hand, Canada is the world’s second-biggest country by total geographical area.
  4. The Indian currency is known as Rupee (INR). On the other hand, Canadian currency is known as the Canadian Dollar (CAD).
  5. India has $10.2 Trillion GDP and $ 7,333 GDP Per capita. On the other hand, Canada has $1.9 Trillion GDP and $51,713 GDP per capita.
  6. The human development index in India is 0.645. On the other hand, Canada has a very high human development index which is 0.929.
  7. India has 778,090,000 active internet users. On the other hand, Canada has 33,952,632 internet users.
India vs Canada – Difference Between India and Canada
  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=1Y02AiEu1kcC&oi=fnd&pg=PT3&dq=India&ots=6XNymAx6HD&sig=0w-YZGUTiAepzAOzlx5C6FYP9Cg
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=pfZq260DH9YC&oi=fnd&pg=PA21&dq=canada+economy&ots=IlMirSOUz9&sig=cY3voSLuiTU30eBOD55_NpBixXU
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