Difference Between Javascript and AJAX (With Table)

The Internet lets us connect to different people of the world, and today there is nothing that is left uncovered in this world. There are lots of methodologies, scripting languages, tools, and programming languages which one uses to lets us view all the information internet whatever we asked for.

Javascript and Ajax are some of these technologies there are used in web development and let us view and request on the websites. Often these are confused about how they work, but there are differences to know.

Javascript vs Ajax

The difference between Javascript and Ajax is that Javascript handles the client-side operation, whereas AJAX is used for server-side interaction. AJAX is used as a part of Javascript to make the website more interactive and Dynamic. Javascript is a programming language, whereas AJAX is a scripting language.

Javascript is a dynamic and interpreted computer language that is embedded with HTML for doing interacting with the user and making the webpage dynamic. It is a prototype-based and weakly-typed language that is used to do the client-side operation and supports many functional styles such as object-oriented and imperative.

AJAX is a group of many technologies such as XHTML, CSS, DOM, and Javascript that is used in web development. They increase the pace, efficiency, and speed of the websites, making them more user-friendly. They work on the server-side and can also be used for standalone applications.

Comparison Table Between Javascript and Ajax

Parameters of ComparisonJavascriptAjax
DefinitionA scripting, open-source programming language in web development used for client-side tasks.It is not a programming language but a technology that is a part of javascript and used for standalone applications also.
FunctionsIt performs client-side operations and makes a request to the server.It does all the work of the server-side including sending and receiving information from the server.
Language supportedIt supports client-side scripting language.It supports server-side scripting language.
Web page loadingIt doesn’t support page loading once it is done for the first time.It supports page loading multiple times once the page is loaded for the first time.
VirusIt can let viruses such as Trojan be installed on the computer.It doesn’t allow viruses to be installed on the computer.

What is Javascript?

Influenced heavily by the C language, Javascript is a multi-paradigm language that was originally implemented to be used as part of web browsers. They provide support to object-oriented, functional programming, and imperative styles. Formalized in ECMAScript language standard, Javascript is used to interact client-side operation with users. They are a lot easy in compared to other programming languages to connect as the errors are easy to find. Also, there is no need for a compiler as Web browsers are able to compile JS with HTML. They do not support page loading once the full page is loaded and viewed on the website. These weakly-typed scripting languages are embedded in webpage with HTML and have many advantages such as:

  • Open-source language
  • It is based on a prototype
  • It is dynamic and has first-class functions
  • It provides validation on the client’s end
  • It supports object-oriented programming
  • Less heavy scripting language
  • Lots of supporting web browsers.
  • Provides asynchronous communication.

What is Ajax?

AJAX stands for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML. Instead of a single technology like Javascript, AJAX is a group of technologies that uses many technologies such as HTML (or XHTML), DOM for interaction purposes, styling they used CSS, XML and XSLT, XMLHttpRequest for exchange od data and Javascript to bring more features. They are used to create the websites more interactive and add features such as page reloading. Google also uses AJAX and is one of its biggest supporters. They come with a plethora of advantages such as:

  1. They help to increase the efficiency of the web pages.
  2. Makes the website more user friendly and interactive
  3. They have no effect on server technology 
  4. They support template rendering of client’s side
  5. It minimizes the data arrival time and server traffic.
  6. They let asynchronous interaction that does not lets users wait.
  7. It also enables form validation.

Main Differences Between Javascript and Ajax

  1. Javascript is an open-source, dynamic,model-based scripting language that handles the tasks of the client-side, whereas Ajax is a scripting language that is a part of javascript and used to work for the server-side.
  2. Javascript waits for the answer after requesting the information from the server, whereas Ajax doesn’t wait for the response from the server and starts operation on another page.
  3. Javascript doesn’t support multiple page loading once the page loading is done, whereas Ajax has an approach toward page loading and pages can be loaded more than once.
  4. Javascript can be used by the different programs that can install Trojan on the computer, whereas Ajax can be used to install the Trojan on the computer.
  5. Javascript post the request, and thus script needs to get updated every time the new request is posted, whereas Ajax helps in reducing the load of the server as the script is required to be requested only once.
  6. Javascript is a programming language used in web development, whereas Ajax is a set of web development methods that are used to create websites and also standalone applications.

Conclusion

Both these technologies play a very important role in web development and act as a base for websites. Without them, It is not possible to view and use features on the website we surf on. On the one hand, javascript is the base for the websites. Ajax is used by javascript to ease the process and provide some major advantages.

Javascript is open-source, and thus, there are wide no. of reasons to use it, taking into consideration of their performance and popularity among the community of developers. Ajax is, on the other hand, used for easing the whole process of updating information and page reloading, and many more.

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00799-015-0140-8.pdf
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=zZGgFj-AiFQC&oi=fnd&pg=PR11&dq=javascript+and+ajax&ots=lwgnJ5CSQK&sig=eFEIUJQIeGsZtlkg5uYrgvEFsac

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