Difference Between Job Costing and Contract Costing

There are different kinds of businesses; hence, the costing method also differs. Two such costing methods are Job Costing and Contract Costing.


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Key Takeaways

  1. Job costing allocates costs to individual projects, while contract costing assigns costs to long-term contracts.
  2. Job costing focuses on smaller, distinct projects, whereas contract costing suits large-scale, complex projects.
  3. Job costing typically involves a quicker completion timeframe, while contract costing often spans multiple accounting periods.

Job Costing vs Contract Costing

Job Costing is also known as Job Order Costing and is the total cost of materials involved in a small-scale project, which includes the resources, overhead requirements, and labor work. Contract Costing is the total cost of materials used in large-scale construction projects like buildings, bridges, and roads.

Job Costing vs Contract Costing

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This method is mostly used for small-scale jobs in manufacturing sectors such as printing press, garages, repair workshops, and foundry, etc. Job costing can be done in very little time.

This method is mostly used for large-scale projects in the construction sector, such as dams, houses, buildings, etc. Contract costing is done in a planned manner and requires an extended period.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonJob CostingContract Costing
PurposeCosting system of specific customer orders.Costing system where a big project is undertaken.
Costing IndustryManufacturing of products.Construction works.
Work LocationCompany’s premises.Customer’s chosen work site.
The Scale of WorkInvolves only a small amount of work.Involves large-scale construction projects.
TimeWork can be completed in a short time.Work is completed in an extended period.

What is Job Costing?

Job costing is defined as the total cost of materials, including all the resources, labor work, and overhead requirements for a small-scale project. It is also known as Job Order Costing.

Manufacturers, marketing agencies, advertising agencies, consulting firms, health care organizations, etc generally prefer this method.

The company’s expenditure of finances and resources for job costing is also less, making this costing method suitable for small organizations and product manufacturing companies.

What is Contract Costing?

Contract Costing is defined as a type of costing method which used in large-scale constructional activities such as projects, including buildings, roads, bridges, etc. The person who takes the contract is called the Contractor, and the person from whom the contract is taken is called the Contractee.

The agreement of contract spans over a long time, usually more than a year. Contract costing involves accounting for many activities including project completion, production process, percentage margin, time, materials, and profit margin.

There are namely five features of contract costing, including materials, wages, direct charges, bill of sub-contractors, and certificate of completion. The work experience gained by an individual in contract costing is considered extremely valuable in this field.

Main Differences Between Job Costing and Contract Costing

  1. Work cannot be divided into different parties in job costing, while work can be split into other sub-contractors in contract costing.
  2. Less expenditure is required in job costing, whereas a large amount of investment is needed in contract costing.
  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=t1Ll2-tG-L4C&oi=fnd&pg=PA17&dq=job+costing&ots=rrzAeSuGs5&sig=eXnWWHBThOROG_amPxyF9c8Tm3s
  2. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-349-90655-0_9
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