Difference Between Longitude and Latitude

People may be familiar with the terminology longitude and latitude but not everyone is clear with the geographical concepts around these words.


Science Quiz

Test your knowledge about topics related to science

1 / 10

What is the fuel in the Sun?

2 / 10

Balloons are filled with

3 / 10

The first link in all food chains is-

4 / 10

What is the function of root hair cells?

5 / 10

Which is the type of food having maximum energy?

6 / 10

A passenger in a moving bus is thrown forward when the bus suddenly stops. This is explained

7 / 10

Which of the gas is not known as green house gas?

8 / 10

Non-stick cooking utensils are coated with

9 / 10

What is laughing gas?

10 / 10

The element common to all acids is

Your score is


Key Takeaways

  1. Longitude lines run vertically, while latitude lines run horizontally.
  2. Longitude measures east-west positions, whereas latitude measures north-south positions.
  3. The prime meridian is the reference point for longitude, while the equator is the reference point for latitude.

Longitude vs Latitude

Longitude or prime meridian is an imaginary line that runs in a North to South direction. They consist of 360 lines and measure the distance of east or west. Latitude or parallel is an imaginary line that runs across the East to West direction. It is parallel to the equator and consist of 180 lines that measure the distance of north and south.

Longitude vs Latitude

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!

The term Longitude refers to the lines which run between the two poles of the world. These longitudes are not physical lines but rather abstract or imaginary lines.

Latitude is used to denote the horizontal lines which run between the east and west directions of the globe. The latitudes are also not physical lines, but a set of imaginary lines.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonLongitudeLatitude
DirectionThe longitude line runs between the northern and southern poles.It runs between the west and east surrounding the earth.
Zero degreeThe Prime Meridian is the zero-degree line that divides the western and eastern hemispheres.The Equator is the line of zero degrees that divides the northern and southern hemispheres.
LinesThere are a total of 360 lines.There are a total of 180 lines.
UsesUsed to classify time zones around the globe.Used to classify temperature or heat zones.
RangeThe range is between 0 to 180 degrees in the east and west.The range is between 0 to 90 degrees in the north and south.

What is Longitude?

The concept of longitude is very commonly used in geographical studies of the world. More than a set of mere imaginary lines that run between the northern and southern poles, longitudes are crucial and serve a lot of purposes.

The longitudes run between the two poles around the world in 360 degrees. The center of the longitudes is the Prime Meridian. The prime meridian is a longitude that is located at the zero-degree space.

Even though the longitude lines might seem differing in length on a globe, all the imaginary longitudes are of equal length. These longitudes tend to make a right angle while crossing the zero-degree latitude line, the Equator.

The distance between these imaginary vertical lines tend to differ at different locations. While the distance is broadest at the Equator, it narrow downs as further it is away from the Equator.


What is Latitude?

The word Latitude derives its origin from the Latin word Latitudo which means breadth. The concept of Latitude along with Longitude is a famous concept in the geographical studies and is used for a lot of purposes.

These latitude lines run between the eastern and western ends surrounding the globe. The latitude line angle with a zero degree is the line of Equator.

Starting at zero degrees from the equator, the latitude lines go up to 90 degrees at both the north and south poles. This makes the latitude lines with an overall of 180 degrees.

There are a total of 180 imaginary latitude lines surrounding the globe. The distance between these imaginary horizontal lines is calculated to be approximately 69 miles or 110km.


Main Differences Between Longitude and Latitude        

  1. The length of all the longitude lines is equal in size. The length of the latitude lines differs in size.
  2. The longitude lines range from 0 to 180 degrees. The latitude lines range from 0 to 90 degrees.
Difference Between Longitude and Latitude
  1. https://doi.org/10.1029/TR026i002p00197
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *