Difference Between MAC and IP Address

Mac address and IP address are two search terms that have been very commonly discussed and addressed from time to time but still, there exists confusion between these two terms for many people. As almost every person is subject to the jurisdiction of such addresses, it becomes very crucial to understand how these two are related and different from one another. 

MAC vs IP Address 

The main difference between Mac address and IP address is that in the case of the former, basic computer hardware is recognized in identical unique order, but in the latter, the device is recognized whenever it is connected to the Internet on whatsoever place on the earth. Although both of these function in order to bring security into wireless network systems still, they can be differentiated on so many grounds.  

Address

Mac address is a short abbreviation for the term media access control address, and it happens to be an identical unique order that is attached to each and every hardware device of the computer in order to make it detectable if the need arises. This address is provided by the NIC during the manufacturing of the product itself. 

But on the other hand, IP address is an abbreviation for the term Internet Protocol address, and it hardly concerns the hardware of the computer. In other words, the reason behind designating a particular IP address to a device is to track the Internet connection of that device with any kind of Internet service provider. 

Comparison Table Between MAC and IP Address 

Parameters of Comparison MAC Address IP Address 
Meaning  It refers to a unique address attached to a particular device during manufacturing. It refers to a unique address attached to a particular device after connecting it to the Internet. 
Full form Stands for media access control address Stands for Internet Protocol address 
Looks after It looks after the physical presence of the device. It looks after the Internet connection of a device and all the activities that are done through the Internet. 
Provided by It is usually provided by the manufacturer of the product itself. It is usually provided by the Internet service provider. 
Other names  Also known as hardware or physical address Also known as logical or Internet address 
Nature  It cannot be changed in any circumstance. It can be changed in certain circumstances. 

What is MAC Address? 

As the count of devices increased all across the world, the companies had to look up an idea that could help them in identifying all those devices in a very unique manner. Add this demand gave rise to the emergence of a concept known as Mac address.  

It basically stands for media access control address and uniquely identifies each and every computer device so as to enable any person to distinguish and identify any particular device. Whenever any particular device is manufactured in the factory, the manufacturer itself attaches a Mac address to the device, and this happens in most cases. Because of this particular reason, the Mac address becomes a certain thing that cannot be changed at any cost, and the device has to be at the same Mac address for as long as it operates.  

Other names for Mac addresses are hardware or physical address, and this is so because it relates to the hardware only. The Mac address comprises of total 48 bits or six bytes and operates on a particular layer known as the data link layer. 

What is IP Address? 

Unlike the Mac address, an IP address stands for Internet Protocol address, and the biggest reason behind using this particular technology is to identify any device that reaches the Internet for any reason so as to track all the Internet-related activities and curb all the evil activities that are done through the Internet.  

An administrator of Internet services, known as the Internet service provider as well provides this particular address, and it can be altered due to certain specific circumstances. This particular technology either uses a 32-bit address or a 128-bit address depending upon certain variations, but there are safety concerns attached with this particular address because after resorting to certain remedies, a third party can get to know this particular address belonging to a certain device.  

If the IP address of a certain device gets known to a third party, that party can easily figure out the location and the kind of network that particular device is accessing to. Therefore, certain developments are being made in this field to secure IP addresses to an even more extent. 

Main Differences Between MAC and IP Address 

  1. MAC Adress is used for looking into the hardware information of a device, while on the other hand, IP Adress is used for looking into the network connection of a device. 
  2. Mac address stands for media access control address while on the other hand IP address stands for Internet Protocol address.  
  3. Mac address is also known as hardware or physical address, but on the other hand, IP address is known as logical or Internet or network address.  
  4. While Mac address cannot be changed at any cost, changing IP address is a possible thing.  
  5. Mac address is assigned to a device by its manufacturer, while the IP address is attached by the provider of Internet services. 

Conclusion 

There used to be a time when the world was revolving around technology, but with each day passing by, technology has slowly consumed the world, and in every house in every city, a device attached to the Internet can easily be found. Therefore, in order to regulate all these devices’ certain unique identity addresses are attached to them and the two most commonly heard addresses are Mac address and IP address.  

It is important to read both of these addresses thoroughly and make a differentiation between them in order to completely understand the concept behind these addresses. As almost every device is connected to either one of them and somehow, each and every activity of every individual is being monitored by a particular authoritative agency via these addresses. 

References  

  1. https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7861651/   
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