Difference Between Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering (With Table)

Engineering is one of the most popular fields of professions. Engineering covers mathematical, scientific, social, economic, and functional domains which work towards making the world a better community for humans. Two of the main branches of engineering are Mechanical engineering and Electrical engineering.

The differences between these two fields are far and wide, even though these fields and industries may work together or overlap each other at times. The two of these fields of mechanical engineering and electrical engineering are highly rewarding irrespective of their differences.

Mechanical Engineering vs Electrical Engineering

The difference between mechanical and electrical engineering is that mechanical engineering focuses on physical and power utilisation meanwhile electrical engineering focuses on electrical utilisation, which concentrates on generating electricity. Mechanical engineers focus on the machinery part, whereas Electrical engineers have their focus on power usage and power generation. 

Mechanical engineering is the most popular field of career and has a very high scope. It studies power applications of machines and heavy tools which are used to design, and it focuses on the mechanics and the physical components of science. In the field of mechanical engineering, engineers learn about the changing dynamics, force and the latest technologies, tools and resources that are used in this department. 

Electrical engineering is another field of engineering which is populated by millions of engineers around the globe. Engineers in this department work with electrical systems, producing and examining them. Electrical engineers work on designing and testing several electrical systems, which may vary from as small as household appliances to complex systems like automobiles and industrial systems. 

Comparison Table Between Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering

Parameters of ComparisonMechanical EngineeringElectrical Engineering
DefinitionMechanical engineering is a part of the engineering field which deals with power application.Electrical engineering, on the other hand, is the study of energy and electrical fields and systems.
FocusIn the mechanical field, the engineer has to work with designing manufacturing processes of technical instruments.In electrical engineering, the engineer learns about installing and manufacturing electrical systems.
DesignMechanical engineering will focus on designing physical systems, including but not limited to conveyor belts, pulleys, automobiles. Electrical engineering will focus on creating complex designs like computer chips. 
SalaryMechanical engineers earn a lesser salary than electrical engineers do. Engineers earn a higher salary than Mechanical engineers do. 
Creative differenceMechanical engineering is a field in which a person uses his ideas to design and maintain products that are more effective in giving people a better standard of living.Electrical engineering is a field in which a person has to use his creativity and techniques to make the current systems safer and better and come up with better ones.

What is Mechanical Engineering?

Mechanical engineering is the study of the most complex physical and mechanics. A mechanical engineer works on a product that enhances the living stability of the human race.

Mechanical engineers work in a variety of diverse fields such as automotive, aerospace, biotechnology, computers, electronics, microelectromechanical systems, energy conversion, robotics and automation, and manufacturing departments.

Mechanical engineering is the department in which the creative thinking of a person helps them design a product after implementing their ideas. Mechanical engineering is a division of engineering that employs the laws of mechanics and substances science for the study, plan, construction, and preservation of automatic methods. It includes the creation and regulation of energy and mechanical energy for the composition, production, and maintenance of machines and tools. 

What is Electrical Engineering?

Electrical engineers purpose, produce, analyse and control the production of electrical machinery, from electrical machines and navigating machines to energy production material and the electrical parts of carriers and private machines. Electrical engineering is extensive and wide-field with work positions in a wide spectrum of enterprises.

Engineers work on electrical power generation and dissemination to cars to smartphones. Electrical engineers are essential elements of thousands of industries. Electrical engineering was popularised in the 19th century after the telephone, telegraph, and other electrical innovations were commercialised.

Engineers not only work on designing and maintaining electrical parts, but they also work on management and guiding the engineers as the field of electrical engineering is vast and electrical engineers also tend to act as project managers, which complies them to have management skills all along. 

Main Differences Between Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering

  1. Mechanical engineering is a part of the engineering field which deals with power application. Meanwhile, electrical engineering, on the other hand, is the study of energy and electrical fields and systems.
  2. In the mechanical field, the engineer has to work with designing manufacturing processes of technical instruments, whereas in electrical engineering, the engineer learns about installing and manufacturing electrical systems.
  3. Mechanical engineering will focus on designing physical systems, including but not limited to conveyor belts, pulleys, automobiles. Meanwhile, electrical engineering will focus on creating complex designs like computer chips. 
  4. Although mechanical and Electrical engineering is highly overlapping, statistics prove that electrical engineers earn a higher salary than Mechanical engineers do. 
  5. Mechanical engineering is a field in which a person uses his ideas to design and maintain products that are more effective in terms of giving people a better standard of living. Meanwhile, Electrical engineering is a field in which a person has to make use of his creativity and techniques to make the current systems safer and better and come up with better ones.

Conclusion

Mechanical and Electrical engineering are both parts of the most common and important work field. Without engineers, the world would be nowhere and considering that Mechanical and Electrical engineering departments come up with the biggest innovations and ideas to keep the people satisfied and help their households running smoothly.

These two fields are equally important for small household needs as well as in big industries and corporations. While mechanical and electrical engineer highly overlaps each other and are confusingly different at the same time, the stress of any occupation is highly valid. 

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166497200000912
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/j.2168-9830.2010.tb01042.x

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