Difference Between Technology and Engineering

Technology is applying scientific theories for practical purposes, like in industries. It is the knowledge of techniques and processes that can be embodied in machines for carrying out certain operations or to know about the system’s workings. 

As we know that need is the mother of invention, similarly we can consider engineering as the mother of technology. When the knowledge of science gained by study, experience and practice is applied to create something useful for the benefit of mankind.

Technology can be confused with engineering often as they both are very closely related. Schools that teach engineering are called ‘Schools of Technology’ after all.

These may make us question about the terms and their true meanings.

Technology vs Engineering

The difference between technology and engineering is that engineering is the knowledge of science and techniques to manufacture something new. On the other hand, the product manufactured by applying the principles of engineering is called technology.

Technology vs Engineering

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonTechnologyEngineering
InputUsing knowledge and raw materials to make something innovative for the society.The study of scientific applications to know how to make new inventions for the society.
OutputDevices we see around us like our mobile phones, laptops, the air conditioner, etc. are all products of technology.Engineering provides us with an understanding of how we can combine knowledge and resources to create new technology.
OrientationTechnology is more action-based.Engineering is more knowledge-based.
Raw materials requiredKnowledge and its application.Technology that already exists in addition to some other raw materials for making the product.
ProductionTechnology is produced in masses as it has already been tried and tested.It cannot be produced in a large number as it creates a trial product. If the trial is successful, more of the same products are manufactured and it becomes technology.
ReliabilityMore reliable as it has already been tested.Less reliable as it is manufactured on a trial basis.

What is Technology?

Technology is the application of knowledge and making a new product. It has been around since the prehistoric times when the cavemen started building fires.

In modern times, it can be seen in the form of development of touch-screen phones, the internet and several other things. Technology not only makes our life easier but has several other uses.

It helps in building the economy of countries and some of the strongest countries in the world are where they are because of advancements in technology. Technology can be considered as a boon or a bane.

While it has many advantages, it also has several disadvantages. Pollution is a leading by-product of technology and it has had a serious effect on the environment. 

Aside from adversely affecting the environment, technology has also affected humans. Technology has made things so easy for us nowadays that it is hard for us to be as productive as we used to be.

The invention of social media plays a large part in it.


What is Engineering?

Engineering is studying the sciences and applying its principles to make new technology. While engineering can be considered as the question, like how to build a time machine?

Technology can be considered as the answer. Existing technology is often used to engineer more products.

Engineering uses one’s mind and efforts to create something new.

The field of engineering is vast and has several areas like mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, chemical engineering, etc. The Eiffel Tower, the pyramids of Egypt and the Parthenon are all examples of impressive feats of engineering in our history.

This shows how engineering has been around since the foundation of the world. Engineers can be considered as the architects of technology.

They draw up complex plans that have to be put into action to create something new and useful. Engineering is what gives birth to technology.


Main Differences Between Technology and Engineering

  1. Technology is the product that is formed after engineering it is completed. Engineering is the use of resources and knowledge to make new and improved products.
  2. Technology can be used for a countless number of times while engineered products take time to be perfect and then produced in a large number.
  3. Technology is made by being action-oriented while engineering is done by being knowledgeable.
  4. Reliability of technology is more as it has been produced only after confirming that it is the best version of itself. Engineering is less reliable as it takes many tries to make a product accurate.
  5. Technology is mass-produced while engineered products are not.
  6. Engineering is considered as a field of study while technology is the application of those studies.
Difference Between Technology and Engineering


  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=Cg6BREV0R9kC&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=engineering+and+technology&ots=cp3fUr60KM&sig=hoIyd_MuVFPz9bVRHhV_4nN4mpM
  2. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.3102/00346543069001021
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