Science vs Technology: Difference and Comparison

The two terms, Science and Technology, are very closely related. Hence many use them as synonyms of each other. But if one sees closely, he will understand that they are vastly different from each other despite their similarities.

Key Takeaways

  1. Science is a systematic study of natural phenomena, while technology is the practical application of scientific knowledge.
  2. Science seeks to understand how things work, while technology seeks to create things that work.
  3. Science generates knowledge, while technology generates tools and products.

Science vs. Technology

Science is basically about gaining information and knowledge regarding natural phenomena simultaneously with the causes for such happenings. When this information above is used by putting the latter into practice to solve human requirements, needs wants, or problems, it is termed Technology.

Science vs Technology

The earliest origins of science can be traced back to Mesopotamia and Egypt from around 3000 to 1200 BC. Science is a methodical and systematic program that develops and synthesizes information through testable descriptions, explanations, and predictions about the universe.

Technology is the aggregate of methods, abilities, techniques, and processes used to generate goods or services or to attain purposes like scientific investigations.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonScienceTechnology
DefinitionScience is a systematic process of obtaining knowledge on a specific subject through research, observation, and experiments.Technology is the practical implication of scientific knowledge for multiple objectives.
EffectThe effect of science is helpful for humankind.The effect of technology can be either beneficial or harmful.
Alteration or changeIt does not change. It remains the same.It changes with every passing day.
Focuses onDiscoveryInvention
MethodTheory Development, analysis, and deduction.Review and integration of design.

What is Science?

Science is the process of exploring new knowledge methodically through research, investigation, and experiments. It concentrates on the various ethical methods for gathering data from multiple fields.

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Science primarily focuses on learning natural phenomena and the reasons behind such occurrences—examination of scientific events in advanced scientific knowledge and discovery.

Modern science has evolved with every passing minute, to be precise, and now can be divided into three branches. The first branch is Natural Sciences which can be sub-segmented into Biology, Physics, and Chemistry.

These researches are conducted by scientists who mainly work in research institutions, academic institutions, government agencies, and various applied science-based companies.


What is Technology?

Technology is the method of applying scientific knowledge in practical applications for several causes. It concentrates on the ethical consequence of exercising particular action.

It is a constant process of implementation of knowledge. It can be beneficial, destructive, or even both, depending on how you use the knowledge.

If we observe, we will be able to understand that technology always concentrates on understanding the made conditions of the environment.

Technology can be the understanding of systems and methods machines can install to permit operation without explicit knowledge of their works and projects.

From medicine to engineering, then from understanding nature to space instruments, it is all the way humans have applied their scientific learnings and used them for their benefit.


Main Differences Between Science and Technology

  1. Science focuses on Discovery. The technology focuses on Invention.
  2. Science is used to make predictions, and technology is used to do man’s work and fulfill man’s needs.
Difference Between Science and Technology

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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